SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION v. HELLENIC REPUBLIC
MEMORANDUM OPINION to the Order granting Petitioner's Motion to Amend or Correct the Clerk's Judgment. Signed by Judge Gladys Kessler on 4/13/17. (CL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
In the Matter of the Arbitration of Certain
Civil Action No. 13-1070 (GK)
THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC,
On September 22, 2016, the Greek Supreme Court ruled in favor of Leidos in this longrunning litigation. On December 2, 2016, the Court Ordered the Parties to submit their positions as
to what, if anything, this Court should do given the fact that the Greek Supreme Court had reached
a final decision [Dkt. No. 49]. On December 16, 2016, Petitioner submitted a Position Brief as to
the Impact on Its Arbitration Award Enforcement Petition of Supreme Court of the Hellenic
Republic's Decision [Dkt. No. 51]. On the same date, Respondent submitted its Position Statement
that this Court should deny the Petitioner's request for enforcement of the decision of the Greek
Supreme Court [Dkt. No. 52].
On January 5, 2017, this Court issued an Order [Dkt. No. 53] and Memorandum Opinion
[Dkt. No. 54]. The Order confirms the Arbitral Award of the International Chamber of Commerce
International Court of Arbitration ("ICC") issued in favor of Petitioner, Leidos, Inc. (formerly
Science Applications International Corporation) and against the Hellenic Republic. On January 6,
2017, the Clerk of Court issued a Civil Judgment Form AO 450 [Dkt. No. 55], pursuant to Fed. R.
Civ. P. 58, to enter Judgment in the action, based on the Court's Memorandum Opinion and Order.
Petitioner now seeks, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(a) and/or 59(e) to correct the "clerical
mistake" or "mistakes arising from oversight or omission" in the entry of Judgment prepared by the
Clerk of Court and entered on the docket on January 6, 2017 [Dkt. No. 56]. Specifically, Leidos now
requests that the entry of Judgment be corrected to add the following relief which the Court granted
Leidos when it decided to confirm the award in its entirety.
STANDARD OF REVIEW FOR RELIEF
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(a) provides that "the Court may correct a clerical mistake
or mistakes arising from oversight or omission whenever one is found in a judgment, order, or other
part of the record." A judgment can be corrected so that it conforms to the "contemporaneous intent
of the Court." Jackson v. Jackson, 276 F.2d 501, 502 (D.C. Cir. 1960).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) permits relief for reasons set forth in (b)(l)-(5), and
-- most importantly-- ending with 60(b)(6) for "any other reason that justifies relief."
Rule 59(e) is appropriate where the district court finds that there is a "need to correct a clear
error or prevent manifest injustice."
LEIDOS HAS NOT WAIVED THE RELIEF IT SEEKS
Respondent argues at great length that Leidos has waived its claims as to: 1) its request to
have the judgment stated in dollars rather than Euros; and 2) its request for pre-judgment interest at
6% and post-judgment statutory interest on the $162,500 that was awarded as costs. Respondent is
correct that Leidos expressly asked, at a much earlier point in this long-running litigation, that the
amount of Judgment (other than the amount awarded as costs) be stated in Euros. However, the fact
that Leidos asked for the Judgment to be stated in Euros at that time does not decide the issue at this
Leidos' request to have the foreign currency amount of the judgment converted into U.S.
dollars was not waived. Rule 59( e) clearly says that it may not be used by a "losing party ... to raise
new issues that could have been raised previously." Kattan By Thomas v. D.C., 995 F.2d 274, 276
(D.C. Cir. 1993) (emphasis added). Given the fact that Leidos is not a losing party, it is not
precluded from asking this Court to revisit the granting of its Petition to confirm the international
In another extremely long-running litigation, Continental Transfert Technique. Ltd. v.
Government of Nigeria, 603 F. App'x 1, 4 (D.C. Cir. 2015), the D.C. Circuit held, as recently as
2015, that it was appropriate for petitioner in that case to request in a Rule 59(e) Motion, conversion
of the award into U.S. dollars. The Circuit Court explained that Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(c) specifically
provides that a final judgment ordinarily "should grant the relief to which each party is entitled, even
ifthe party has not demanded that relief in its pleadings." 603 F. App'x at 4 (emphasis added).
The Circuit noted that the complaint contained a form request "for such other and further
relief as this Court deems just. proper. and equitable," and, therefore, pursuant to Rule. 54(c), ruled
that the Rule 59(e) current conversion request was appropriate. 603 F. App'x at 4-5 (emphasis
added). In this case, while it is true that Leidos had not previously requested that the Judgment be
denominated in dollars, it made the same type of Rule 54(c) request as in Continental Transfert to
claim any further relief that it deemed just and proper, and therefore should receive the same relief.
The same logic applies to the issue of prejudgment interest on arbitral fees, and so that
argument was similarly not waived by Leidos.
INCLUSION OF THE $162,500 AWARD OF COSTS, POST-AWARD PREJUDGMENT INTEREST RATE OF 6%, AND POST-JUDGMENT INTEREST AT
STATUTORILY MANDATED RATE
Leidos requests that the $162,500 in arbitral fees awarded to it by the Arbitral Tribunal be
included in the Judgment, that it is entitled to a post-award, pre-judgment interest at 6% per year,
and that it is entitled to post-judgment interest at the statutory rate.
Leidos points out that it specifically included the $162,500 in its Proposed Order to its
original Motion to Confirm [Dkt. No. 1-12], to its Proposed Order to Confirm Arbitration Award
and to Enter Judgment [Dkt. No. 20-1 ], and to its Proposed Order to its Opposition to Respondent's
Cross-Motion to Dismiss Petition to Confirm the Arbitration Award and to Enter Judgment [Dkt.
No. 30-9]. The Court granted the $162,500 amount when it decided to confirm the award in its
entirety. However, the Clerk of Court overlooked this amount, and the Court concludes that it
should be added to the Entry of Judgment amount.
Post-Award, Pre-Judgment Interest
Leidos requests inclusion of post-award, pre-judgment interest at 6% per year. In its Petition
to Confirm and other filings, Leidos requested that the Clerk of Court issue a civil judgment based
·on the Court's Memorandum Opinion and Order and a post-judgment award ofpre-judgment interest
at a rate of 6% per year. The Tribunal awarded post-award pre-judgment interest at a rate of 6
percent per year as part of the Final Award. It provides that interest shall be paid on all sums
awarded except for€ 1,066,378 of the awarded amount. The Court's Memorandum Opinion and
Order [Dkt. No. 53 and 54] granted Leidos' Petition in full. Despite that, the Clerk of Court failed
to enter the post-award pre-judgment interest of 6%. When Leidos requested the Entry of Judgment,
the Clerk of Court included only€ 39,818,298 in relief [Dkt. No. 55].
The Court concludes, for these reasons, that Leidos is entitled to a change in the Judgment
to include the post-award, pre-judgment interest at a rate of 6% per year as the Tribunal intended.
That totals€ 8, 115,607 .64 ofinterest on the Award, plus $34,031.51 ofinterest on the arbitral fees.
Post-Judgment Interest at the Mandatory Statutory Rate
Post-judgment interest at the statutory rate on any judgment is mandated by 28 U.S.C.
§ 1961. The statute indicates that "Such interest shall be calculated from the date of entry of the
judgment, at a rate equal to the weekly average I-year constant maturity Treasury yield as published
by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, for the calendar week preceding the date
of the judgment." The request for post-judgment interest falls squarely within the language of the
statute. It is also mandatory under the statute. Consequently, the Court must award post-judgment
interest at the statutory rate from the date of entry ofjudgment until the day that full payment is made
by the Hellenic Republic. By granting Leidos' petition in full, Petitioner was granted the full scope
ofrelief that it requested. See Continental Transfert Technique. Ltd. v. Government ofNigeria, 850
F. Supp. 2d 277, 288 (D.D.C. 2012) (which held that the Court's failure to award post-judgment
interest was a "mistake arising from oversight or omission.").
THE JUDGMENT SHOULD BE ENTERED IN DOLLARS USING THE
EXCHANGE RATE IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF THE AWARD
Leidos has moved, under Rule 59( e) to alter the judgment or amend it to convert the total
amount into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate in effect at the time of the Arbitral Award. The
general rule is for Federal courts to enter judgment in U.S. dollars. See Continental Transfert
Technique, Ltd., 932 F. Supp. 2d at 158. This principle is followed in order to make the creditor
whole despite currency fluctuation which can greatly devalue the actual value of the arbitral award.
The Restatement (3d) of Foreign Relations Law indicates that a court should choose the date
of exchange rate that "will make the creditor whole and [will] avoid awarding a debtor that has
delayed in carrying out an obligation." Restatement (3d) ofF oreign Relations Law, § 823(2) ( 1987).
The Restatement's official commentary says:
The date used for conversion should depend on whether the currency
of obligation has appreciated or depreciated relative to the dollar. In
sum, if the foreign currency has depreciated since the injury or
breach, judgment should be given at the rate of exchange applicable
on the date of injury or breach.
Id. at§ 823(2) (cmt. cp.)
The D.C. Circuit has affirmed the District Court's ruling in Continental Transfert and has
held that if the party requesting confirmation of the arbitral award had not requested conversion of
the award into U.S. dollars in its petition to confirm, such conversion was still appropriate in a Rule
59(e) motion. The D.C. Circuit rested its holding on Federal Rule 54( e) which specifically provides
that a final judgment "should grant the relief to which each party is entitled, even if the party has not
demanded that relief in its pleadings." Continental Transfert, 603 F. App'x. at 4.
In this case, almost the entire amount of the arbitral award was stated in Euros. Their value
depreciated significantly because for more than four years the Hellenic Republic refused to pay the
Award -- from the date of the award on July 2, 2013, until the date of judgment on January 6, 2017.
Using the Restatement's approach as our Court of Appeals did in Continental Transfert, adopting
the exchange rate on the date of the award is proper to make Leidos whole and prevent the Hellenic
Republic from benefitting from its delay in paying the award by having the amount it owes
depreciate. That is precisely what is covered by Rule 59( e) as there is a "need to correct a clear error
or manifest injustice."
Based upon the reasons contained in this Opinion, it is this 13th day of April, 2017, hereby
ORDERED, that the entry of Judgment is to be corrected to add the following:
The $162,500 in arbitral fees that the Arbitral Tribunal awarded to Leidos;
The post-award pre-judgment interest at the six percent simple interest rate which the
Arbitral Tribune awarded Leidos, totaling€ 8,115,607.64, plus$ 34,031.51;
Conversion of the total Judgment amount into United States dollars using the
exchange rate in effect on the date of the arbitral award; and
Correction of the Final Judgment to the amount of $62, 73.1, 104.80, reflecting the
total amounts awarded to Leidos in the Final Award, post-award pre-judgment
interest awarded to Leidos in the Final Award, and conversion into United States
Thepost-judgmentinterestatthestatutoryratemandatedby28U.S.C. § 1961 on the
Gladys Kess! 1
United States District Court
Copies via ECF to all counsel of record
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?