NAVARRO v. COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER denying 16 Motion for Reconsideration. Signed by Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly on 12/6/17. (ms) Modified event title on 12/7/2017 (znmw).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Susana B. Navarro,
Commissioner of Social Security,
Civil Action No. 15-1712 (CKK)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on plaintiff’s “Presentation of Ultimate Evidence,” ECF
No. 16, which is construed as a motion for relief from judgment under Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 60(b). Rule 60(b) allows the Court to relieve a party from a final judgment for one of
five specific grounds, see Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)(1)-(5), none of which apply in this case, or for
“any other reason that justifies relief,” Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)(6). Relief under Rule 60(b)(6)
should be granted only if the moving party demonstrates “‘extraordinary circumstances’
justifying the reopening of a final judgment.” Salazar ex rel. Salazar v. District of Columbia,
633 F.3d 1110, 1116 (D.C. Cir. 2011) (quoting Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 534 (2005));
see Good Luck Nursing Home, Inc. v. Harris, 636 F.2d 572, 577 (D.C. Cir. 1980) (noting that
“this form of relief should only be sparingly used”).
Plaintiff has been entitled to receive widow’s insurance benefits under Title II of the
Social Security Act since May 2006 on the record of her deceased husband, Eugenio Navarro.
Brief in Support of Def.’s Mot. to Dismiss Pl.’s Compl., ECF No. 9, Nicoll Decl. ¶ 3(a). In
March 2009, defendant notified plaintiff that the Social Security Administration (“SSA”) would
deduct Federal income taxes from her widow’s insurance benefits. Nicoll Decl. ¶ 3(b). Plaintiff
sought reconsideration, but the “information [she] submitted did not provide a basis to stop such
deductions.” Id. SSA advised that it would “stop deducting the tax” if plaintiff could
demonstrate either that she become a United States citizen, or that she lives in the United States,
Canada, Egypt, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Romania, Switzerland or the United
Kingdom. Id., Ex. 3 (Notice of Change in Benefits dated September 19, 2013) at 1.
The Court dismissed this case because plaintiff had not exhausted her administrative
remedies as 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) requires before filing her complaint. Plaintiff has attached
exhibits to her motion presumably for the purpose of demonstrating that her late husband was a
United States citizen. Mr. Navarro’s citizenship is irrelevant, however, to the issue of exhaustion
of administrative remedies. Because plaintiff has failed to demonstrate extraordinary
circumstance to warrant the relief she demands, the Court denies her motion for relief from
Accordingly, it is hereby
ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for relief from judgment  is DENIED.
DATE: December 5, 2017
COLLEEN KOLLAR KOTELLY
United States District Court Judge
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