MONET v. COLVIN
MEMORANDUM OPINION re: 20 Defendant's Motion to Dismiss and 24 Plaintiff's Motion to Remand. Signed by Judge Amit P. Mehta on 07/25/2017. (lcapm3)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Case No. 16-cv-2040 (APM)
Plaintiff Melinda Monet, proceeding pro se, seeks review of an August 1, 2006,
determination by the Social Security Administration (“SSA”) affirming that the SSA had overpaid
Plaintiff by more than $13,000 in disability benefits (“Overpayment Determination”). See Compl.,
ECF No. 1, at 11–12, 17–18. 1 Under the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 301 et seq., the SSA
may not pay benefits to an individual who is confined in an institution for more than 30 days after
being deemed “incompetent to stand trial under an allegation of [ ] an offense.” See 42 U.S.C.
§ 402(x)(1)(A)(ii)(IV). Relying on this provision, the SSA found that it had improperly paid
Plaintiff benefits while she was in court-ordered confinement after being found incompetent to
stand trial. See Def.’s Mot. to Dismiss, ECF No. 20 [hereinafter Def.’s Mot.], ECF No. 20-1
[hereinafter Nicoll Decl.], at 28–31 (Ex. 6).
Defendant Nancy Berryhill, the Acting Commissioner of Social Security, 2 moves to
dismiss Plaintiff’s Complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. See Def.’s Mot. According
All pin citations are to the page numbers generated by the electronic filing system.
The court substitutes Nancy Berryhill for Carolyn Colvin pursuant to Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil
to Defendant, after the Overpayment Determination, Plaintiff’s representative sought, and
received, a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) to review that determination.
Nicoll Decl. ¶ 3 & 32–33 (Ex. 7). In March 2008, the ALJ issued a decision that was “fully
favorable” to Plaintiff, waiving recovery of any overpayment. See Nicoll Decl. at 34–43 (Ex. 8).
He concluded that, although Plaintiff had received an overpayment of more than $13,000, she was
“without fault” in receiving the overpayment and therefore, because seeking recovery of the
overpayment would defeat the purposes of the Social Security Act, the SSA would waive recovery
of the overpayment. Id. at 37–39. According to Plaintiff, she did not learn of the ALJ proceeding,
or the favorable ruling, until February 2017, when Defendant filed her Motion to Dismiss in this
case. See Pl.’s Obj. to Def.’s Mot. to Dismiss, ECF No. 23, at 4. Notice of the ALJ’s “fully
favorable” determination did not, however, deter Plaintiff’s desire to appeal it. According to
Plaintiff, there was never a court order confining her in an institution pursuant to a finding that she
was incompetent to stand trial that would justify the denial of benefits. Id. at 5–7. Thus, Plaintiff
maintains, the ALJ “reached a correct result based on incorrect facts and an incorrect legal
conclusion.” Id. at 5. Plaintiff asks the court to find that Defendant’s failure to provide timely
notice of the ALJ’s decision resulted in waiver of the exhaustion-of-remedies requirement and, for
that reason, she contends, the court must deny the Motion to Dismiss. Id. at 5, 14, 17.
On the same day that Plaintiff filed an “Objection” to the Motion to Dismiss, see id., she
also filed a “Motion to Remand to the Social Security Administration Appeals Council.” See Pl.’s
Mot. to Remand, ECF No. 24 [hereinafter Mot. to Remand]. In that Motion, Plaintiff explained
that, before she filed suit, in July 2016, she filed a “Request for Hearing by Administrative Law
Judge” of the Overpayment Determination. See id. at 23; id., ECF No. 24-1, at 40–70 (Ex. 10).
She received a response to her Request, but was dissatisfied with the answer she received, so she
filed a “Request for Reconsideration,” to which she never received a response. See Mot. to
Remand at 23–24; id., ECF No. 24-1 at 73–79 (Ex. 12). As relief, Plaintiff asks the court to enter
“an order of remand back to the SSA Appeals Council for the purpose of taking . . . evidence” on
the question of whether a court ordered her committed to a medical institution during the period
of her benefits overpayment. See Mot. to Remand at 41.
Although the procedural history of this matter is complicated, the outcome is not. First,
the court will dismiss the Complaint because Plaintiff has not alleged a cognizable injury-in-fact,
as required to have Article III standing. See Arpaio v. Obama, 797 F.3d 11, 19 (D.C. Cir. 2015).
Plaintiff has not alleged either that the SSA owes her benefit payments or that the SSA is seeking
recovery of overpayment from her. Cf. Carpenters Indus. Council v. Zinke, 854 F.3d 1, 5 (D.C.
Cir. 2017) (stating that even a “dollar of economic harm” is sufficient to establish injury-in-fact).
Mere correction of the factual basis of the ALJ’s otherwise favorable determination is not the kind
of “concrete” injury that establishes Article III standing. See Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 578 U.S.
____, ____, 136 S. Ct. 1540, 1548–49 (2016). Second, even if Plaintiff’s suit is not disqualified
on standing grounds, the court lacks subject matter jurisdiction because Plaintiff has not exhausted
her administrative remedies as required under the Social Security Act. 20 C.F.R. § 404.900; see
also Ryan v. Bentsen, 12 F.3d 245, 247 (D.C. Cir. 1993). Although Plaintiff has presented her
request to the SSA to correct its records, she has not allowed the administrative process to run its
course. By Plaintiff’s own admission, she has a pending “Request for Reconsideration” before the
SSA. See Mot. to Remand at 23–24; id., ECF No. 24-1 at 73–74 (Ex. 12). Even if the SSA had
denied that request, Plaintiff still would not have exhausted her administrative remedies. See Ryan,
12 F.3d at 247 (describing the four stages of administrative review before an SSA decision
becomes “final” and thus judicially reviewable). Finally, the SSA has not, as Plaintiff asserts,
waived the exhaustion-of-remedies requirement, and the court declines to waive that requirement
because exhaustion in this case would not be futile. See id.
Thus, for the foregoing reasons, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is granted, and Plaintiff’s
Motion for Remand is denied. A separate Order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion.
DATE: July 25, 2017
Amit P. Mehta
United States District Judge
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