BYRD-SANDERS v. FEDCHOICE FEDERAL CREDIT UNION
MEMORANDUM OPINION re: Defendant's 6 Motion to Dismiss. See the attached Memorandum Opinion for further details. Signed by Judge Amit P. Mehta on 06/12/2017. (lcapm1)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
FEDCHOICE FEDERAL CREDIT UNION,
DONETTA MICHELLE BYRD-SANDERS,
Case No. 17-cv-00627 (APM)
This matter comes before the court on review of Plaintiff Donetta Michelle Byrd-Sanders’s
Complaint. Plaintiff proceeds pro se. Defendant FedChoice Federal Credit Union has moved to
dismiss the Complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and failure to state a claim. See Def.’s
Motion to Dismiss, ECF No. 6; Def.’s Mem. in Supp. of Def.’s Mot. to Dismiss, ECF No. 7. The
court need not address the merits of Defendant’s Motion, however, as the court dismisses
Plaintiff’s Complaint for failure to comply with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure requires that a complaint contain “a short
and plain statement” of the basis for the court’s jurisdiction; “a short and plain statement” of the
pleader’s claim, showing she or he is entitled to relief; and a demand for relief. See Fed. R. Civ.
P. 8(a). The purpose of this minimum pleading standard is to give fair notice to the defendant of
the claims being asserted, such that the defendant can prepare a responsive answer and adequate
defense, as well as determine whether the doctrine of res judicata applies. Butler v. Cal. St.
Disbursement Unit, 990 F. Supp. 2d 8, 9 (D.D.C. 2013). Pleadings filed by pro se litigants are
held to less stringent standards than those filed by lawyers, but all litigants must comply with the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See Moore v. Agency for Int’l Dev., 994 F.2d 874, 876 (D.C.
Plaintiff’s entire Complaint consists of one hand-written page and nine attached pages of
receipts. As best the court can discern, the Complaint says:
I, Donettta Michelle Byrd Sanders has direct deposit to Fedchoice I
Donetta Byrd has had several thousand of dollars taken out of here
account were there is a debit card that she told mis [illegible] to stop
transaction on several year has past by and no money was put back
in the account the is an report number from police department
# 150519 Police Report on the account I have spoke with some in
the Fraud Department of the police department. I am mentally
abuse. I have spoke with my mental doctor about several case with
Fedchoice and the [illegible] Postal Federal Credit Union asking for
999,999,999,999,999 to [illegible] Thank you Donetta Michelle
Byrd Sand Love Jehovan.
See Compl., ECF No. 1 [hereinafter Compl.], at 1. The receipts attached to Plaintiff’s Complaint
show that an individual accessed an account in the name of “Donetta Byrd” and made withdrawals
on multiple occasions. Plaintiff has written “not my transaction” and/or “not my signature” across
each of the attached nine pages that contain copies of withdrawal slips or receipts. See id. at 2–
10. The signature line on each bank slip appears to contain the word “Love” accompanied by an
illegible name, in addition to Plaintiff’s name. See id. at 2, 4–10. Drawing all reasonable
inferences in Plaintiff’s favor, see, e.g., James v. United States, 48 F. Supp. 3d 58, 62–63 (D.D.C.
2014), Plaintiff appears to be alleging that she suffers from a mental disability and another
individual took advantage of her by making withdrawals of cash from her bank account without
The court concludes Plaintiff’s Complaint falls short of satisfying Rule 8’s basic
requirements. It provides a “plain” statement of neither the basis for the court’s jurisdiction nor
the claim for which Plaintiff seeks relief. It is entirely unclear whether Plaintiff intends to assert
federal question jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. § 1331, or diversity jurisdiction, id. § 1332. Additionally,
the allegations do not put Defendant on notice of the basis for the claim against it because it is
unclear on the face of the Complaint how the bank perpetrated a wrongful act against Plaintiff. In
short, Plaintiff’s Complaint does not contain a “plain statement” of the court’s jurisdiction and
material facts, nor conveys the nature of her dispute with Defendant. Therefore, as drafted, the
Complaint fails to meet the standard set forth in Rule 8(a) and must be dismissed. See Fed. R. Civ.
An Order consistent with this Memorandum Opinion is issued separately.
Amit P. Mehta
United States District Judge
Date: June 12, 2017
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