STEKELMAN et al v. USA
REPORTED OPINION : Granting 8 Motion to Dismiss - Rule 12(b)(1) and (6); The Clerk is directed to enter judgment. Signed by Judge Charles F. Lettow. U.S. Certified Mail Tracking# 7017 1450 0000 1346 2120(vds) Service on parties made.
3fn tbe Wniteb $tate5 C!Court of jfeberal C!Clailns
(Filed: June 12, 2018)
AND HERMAN EDELMAN,
THE UNITED STATES,
Claim for an increased retirement annuity; 5
U.S.C. §§ 8401-79; subject matter
JUN 1 2 2018
U.S. COURT OF
Marta Stekelman and Herman Edelman, prose, Neptune, New Jersey.
Kristin B. McGrory, Trial Attorney, Commercial Litigation Branch, Civil Division,
United States Depa1tment of Justice, Washington, D.C., for defendant. With her on the briefs
were Chad A. Readier, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Robert E. Kirschman, Jr. , Director,
Civil Division, and Claudia Burke, Assistant Director, Commercial Litigation Branch, Civil
Division, United States Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.
OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiffs, Dr. Maita Stekelman and Mr. Herman Edelman, wife and husband, seek
monetary relief and attorney's fees in a suit contesting an alleged miscalculation of Dr.
Stekelman's retirement annuity by the United States Office of Personnel Management
Retirement Services ("OPM"). Comp!. at 7. Pending before the comt is the government's
motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction and failure to state a claim pursuant to
Rules l 2(b )( 1) and l 2(b )(6) of the Rules of the Court of Federal Claims. See generally Def.' s
Mot. to Dismiss Pis.' Comp!. ("Def.'s Mot."), ECF No. 8. The plaintiffs have responded in
opposition. See generally Pls.' Opp'n, ECF No. 9.
Dr. Stekelman had been employed for thirty-two years and two months by the United
States Depa1tment of Defense as a medical doctor. Comp!. at 3. Upon her retirement in 2010,
Dr. Stekelman applied for retirement annuity benefits offered under 5 U.S.C. §§ 8401-79. See
7017 1450 DODO 1346 2120
Compl. at 3. Calculation of a retirement annuity is determined by considering the "highest
average salary during any three year period" of employment and the length of employment with
the federal government. Comp!. Attach. at 2. 1
In November 2010, OPM determined that Dr. Stekelman's highest average salary in a
three-year employment period was $143,784, which yielded a monthly gross annuity of$5,720.
Comp!. at 4 & Attach. at 4. Dr. Stekelman sent a request for OPM to reconsider its calculation in
August 2012 in light of the physician's comparability allowance she received in addition to her
salary. See Comp!. at 3-5; 5 U.S.C. § 5948. She argued that OPM was required to consider this
additional income when calculating her monthly gross annuity. Comp!. at 3 & Attach. at 3.
Reconsideration was denied in October 2016.
Dr. Stekelman appealed the denial in November 2016 to the Merit Systems Protection
Board ("MSPB"). Comp!. at 5. MSPB did not grant interim relief to Dr. Stekelman, but in
September 2017, it ordered OPM to recalculate Dr. Stekelman's highest average salary by
including her physician's comparability allowance. Comp!. at 5 & Attach. at 5-6. In January
2018, OPM recalculated Dr. Stekelman's highest average salary and concluded that her monthly
gross annuity should have been and would continue to be $6,150. Comp!. at 6 & Attach. at 7.
To account for the difference between the annuity previously paid and that awarded, on January
18, 2018, OPM by letter granted Dr. Stekelman a one-time back-payment of$24,483. Comp!. at
6 & Attach. at 7. Dr. Stekelman subsequently sent a letter to OPM on January 25, 2018, stating
that her back-payment had been incorrectly calculated and that the correct sum was $78,232.
Comp!. Attach. at 8. There is no indication in the materials submitted by the parties that OPM
ever responded to Dr. Stekelman's letter. 2 Thereafter, plaintiffs subsequently filed a complaint
in this court in Febrnary 2018. Comp!. at 1.
Plaintiffs allege that Dr. Stekelman is entitled to a larger back-payment than that granted
by OPM, as well as interest on the monthly gross annuity amounts. Comp!. at 6. Plaintiffs also
claim that Mr. Edelman has acted as Dr. Stekelman 's legal representative and is entitled to an
attorney's fee equal to one-third of the final award granted to Dr. Stekelman. Comp!. at 6. 3 This
claim was brought under 5 U.S.C. § 5596(b)(l)(A)(ii). Plaintiffs seek $78,232 in damages plus
interest, $26,076 as reasonable attorneys' fees, and "all costs and fees permitted by law."
Comp!. at 7-8.
The attachment is not paginated. Citations to particular portions of the attachment refer
to the pages in the order in which they actually appear.
government does argue that Dr. Stekelman failed to exhaust her administrative
remedies before OPM "because there is no indication that [she] h[as] requested reconsideration
of the newly calculated amount." Def. 's Reply in Support of its Motion to Dismiss at 3 n.2.
This claim ignores plaintiffs' letter to OPM dated January 25, 2018, a copy of which is attached
to the complaint. See Compl. Attach. at 8.
Mr. Edelman is a retired attorney who remains in good standing to practice law in New
York. Comp!. at 3.
STANDARDS FOR DECISION
In any action, the plaintiff has the burden of establishing jurisdiction. Reynolds v. Army
& Air Force Exch. Serv., 846 F.2d 746, 747 (Fed. Cir. 1988). When ruling on a motion to
dismiss for lack of jurisdiction, the comt must "accept as true all undisputed facts asserted in the
plaintiffs complaint and draw all reasonable inferences in favor of the plaintiff." Trusted
Integration, Inc. v. United States, 659 F.3d 1159, 1163 (Fed. Cir. 2011). The leniency afforded
to a pro se plaintiff with respect to formalities does not relieve such a litigant from satisfying
jurisdictional requirements. Kelley v. Secretary, United States Dep 't of Labor, 812 F .2d 13 78,
1380 (Fed. Cir. 1987). "If a court lacks jurisdiction to decide the merits of a case, dismissal is
required as a matter of law." Gray v. United States, 69 Fed. Cl. 95, 98 (2005) (citing Ex parte
Mccardle, 74 U.S. (7 Wall.) 506, 514 (1868); Thoen v. United States, 765 F.2d 1110, 1116 (Fed.
Cir. 1985)); see also Trevino v. United States, 113 Fed. Cl. 204, 207 (2013) ("Where the court
has not been granted jurisdiction to hear a claim, the case must be dismissed.") (citing Arbaugh
v. Y & H Corp., 546 U.S. 500, 514 (2006)).
Plaintiffs allege that OPM miscalculated the total amount Dr. Stekelman was owed, and
seek monetary relief and reasonable attorneys' fees. See Comp!. at 8. The government asserts
that MSPB, not this court, has jurisdiction over "claims related to the calculation of retirement
annuities." Def.'s Mot. at 7 (citing Miller v. Office ofPers. Mgmt., 449 F.3d 1374, 1377 (Fed.
Cir. 2006)). Plaintiffs respond that jurisdiction "is most certainly not the issue before the
[c]ourt." Pis.' Opp'n at 4. Instead, they contend that because their claim "exceeds the sum of
$10,000.00, the only court having exclusive jurisdiction under the Tucker Act," 28 U.S.C. §
1491(a), is this court. Pis.' Opp'n at 4. They cite United States v. Gerlach Live Stock Co., 339
U.S. 725, 755 (1950), to argue that this court maintains jurisdiction over cases "by which relief
may be granted wherein the [g]overnment has failed to pay money and the claimant asserts that a
particular provision of [!]aw grants him the right to be paid a sum certain." Pis.' Opp'n at 4
(internal citation omitted).
Plaintiffs' argument is ultimately unconvincing. This court cannot exercise jurisdiction
over matters "adjudicating retirement benefit claims when the underlying dispute rests on
personnel action subject to OPM administration, and [MSPB] review." Agee v. United States, 77
Fed. Cl. 84, 88 (2007) (citing Lindahl v. Office ofPers. Mgmt., 470 U.S. 768, 770, 775 (1985)).
"[MSPB] has jurisdiction over appeals arising from OPM's administration of the Federal
Employees' Retirement System Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 8401-79." Miller, 449 F.3d at 1377. The
United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, in turn, has jurisdiction over appeals of
MFPB decisions. 5 U.S.C. § 7703(b)(l)(A). When "the MSPB and the Federal Circuit clearly
have jurisdiction over the 'subject matter' of [p]laintiffs' underlying adverse personnel actions ..
. they, and not this [c]ourt, have jurisdiction over the monetary claims[,] back pay[,] and attorney
fees, which are based upon those adverse actions." Sacco v. United States, 63 Fed. Cl. 424, 429
(2004) (citing Salinas v. United States, 323 F.3d 1047, 1049-50 (Fed. Cir. 2003)). Plaintiffs'
dispute is centered on an issue subject to MSPB review because they disagree with the most
recent calculation by OPM of Dr. Stekelman's retirement annuity. Thus, the court lacks
jurisdiction over plaintiffs' retirement annuity claim.
As to plaintiffs' assertion that this court has jurisdiction to hear every claim against the
government, see Pis.' Opp 'n at 4, plaintiffs ignore the post-1982 precedents on the outer
boundaries of the Tucker Act with respect to adverse personnel actions. See, e.g., McClary v.
United States, 775 F.2d 280, 282 (Fed. Cir. 1985); Agee, 77 Fed. Cl. at 84; Hannon v. United
States, 48 Fed. Cl. 15, 23 (2000). Gerlach, the only case cited by plaintiffs to contest the
defendant's jurisdictional argument, was decided prior to enactment of the Federal Courts
Improvement Act of 1982, which granted the appellate jurisdiction of this court's predecessor to
the then newly-created Federal Circuit. Lindahl, 470 U.S. at 775.
Finally, in their briefing, the pmties have touched on whether Mr. Edelman, as a current
pro se litigant, can be awarded attorney fees. The government contends that prose litigants
"cannot recoup attorney['s] fees that were never actually incurred." Def.'s Reply in Support of
its Mot. to Dismiss at 4, ECF No. 10. Any decision regarding attorney fees related to a claim
within MSPB's jurisdiction must be resolved by MSPB, and is subject to review by the Federal
Circuit. See Naekel v. Department ofTransp., 845 F.2d 976, 978 (Fed. Cir. 1988); 5 U.S.C. §
7703. Therefore, this court does not have jurisdiction to decide plaintiffs' claim to attorney's
For the reasons stated, the government's motion to dismiss plaintiffs' complaint is
GRANTED. The clerk shall enter judgment in accord with this disposition.
It is so ORDERED.
Charles F. Letlow
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