Bauer v. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
ORDER dismissing case re 1 Complaint. Plaintiff's Complaint 1 is DISMISSED without prejudice. Plaintiff shall file an amended complaint that properly alleges this Court's subject matter jurisdiction no later than December 21, 2013. Failure to comply with this Order may result in the case being dismissed without further notice for failure to allege this Court's subject matter jurisdiction. Signed by Judge Sheri Polster Chappell on 12/11/2013. (LMF)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
FORT MYERS DIVISION
Case No: 2:13-cv-850-FtM-38DNF
FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE
This matter comes before the Court on review of Plaintiff's Complaint (Doc. #1)
filed on December 5, 2013. A federal court is powerless to act without proper subject
matter jurisdiction. Bochese v. Town of Ponce Inlet, 405 F.3d 964, 975 (11th Cir. 2005).
Accordingly, “it is well settled that a federal court is obligated to inquire into subject matter
jurisdiction sua sponte whenever it may be lacking.” Id. (citing Univ. of S. Ala. v. Am.
Tobacco Co., 168 F.3d 405, 410 (11th Cir. 1999)).
Federal courts have subject matter jurisdiction over claims pursuant to federal
questions and diversity jurisdiction. Federal question jurisdiction exists when a plaintiff’s
cause of action “arises under” federal law. 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Ordinarily, whether a federal
question exists in a pending action must be determined on the face of a plaintiff’s well-
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pleaded complaint. Conn. State Dental Ass’n v. Anthem Health Plans, Inc., 591 F.3d
1337, 1343 (11th Cir. 2009) (citing Louisville & N.R. Co. v. Mottley, 211 U.S. 149, 152
(1908)). Whereas claims properly brought in federal court pursuant to diversity jurisdiction
contain matters where the parties are completely diverse with regard to citizenship and
where the amount in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of
interest and costs. 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a); Morrison v. Allstate Indem. Co., 228 F.3d 1255,
1261 (11th Cir. 2000). In an action filed directly in federal court, a plaintiff bears the burden
of adequately pleading and ultimately proving jurisdiction. King v. Cessna Aircraft Co.,
505 F.3d 1160, 1171 (11th Cir. 2007).
Plaintiff initiated this matter on December 5, 2013, by filing a complaint with one
count for negligence against the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation as receiver for
First Community Bank of Southwest Florida. Plaintiff states she brings this cause against
Defendant “[p]ursuant to 12 U.S.C. § 1281(d)(6).” This statute however has been
repealed. Therefore, no federal question has properly been presented. In addition, the
Complaint only states the residency rather than the domicile of Plaintiff. An individual is a
citizen where she is domiciled, the place of an individual’s true, fixed, and permanent
home and to which he has the intention of returning whenever he is absent therefrom.
Arrol v. Heron, No. 2:10-cv-655-FtM-29DNF, 2011 WL 672417, at *1 (M.D. Fla. Feb. 17,
2011). Further, the Complaint does not allege an amount in controversy, albeit the
Complaint does state that at least $60,000 worth of medical expenses have been incurred
as a result of the alleged negligence. (Doc. #1, ¶10). Therefore, no diversity jurisdiction
has been properly presented either. Consequently, Plaintiff has failed to properly allege
Accordingly, it is now
Plaintiff's Complaint (Doc. #1) is DISMISSED without prejudice. Plaintiff shall file
an amended complaint that properly alleges this Court’s subject matter jurisdiction no
later than December 21, 2013. Failure to comply with this Order may result in the case
being dismissed without further notice for failure to allege this Court’s subject matter
DONE and ORDERED in Fort Myers, Florida this 11th day of December, 2013.
Copies: All Parties of Record
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