Catli v. Pennymac Corporation
ORDER granting 10 Defendant PennyMac Corporation's Motion to Dismiss. Plaintiff Vanden Catli's Complaint 1 is DISMISSED with prejudice. The Clerk is directed to mail a copy of this order to Plaintiff Vanden Catli. The Clerk is directed to enter judgment and close the file. Signed by Judge Sheri Polster Chappell on 2/26/2015. (LMF)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
FORT MYERS DIVISION
Case No: 2:15-cv-3-FtM-38CM
This matter comes before the Court on Defendant PennyMac Corporation's Motion
to Dismiss (Doc. #10) filed on February 3, 2015. Although given the opportunity, pro se
Plaintiff Vanden Catli did not timely file a response in opposition. This matter is now ripe
On January 7, 2015, Plaintiff Vanden Catli filed a complaint against Defendant
PennyMac Corporation. (Doc. #1). Catli alleges PennyMac unlawfully foreclosed his real
estate property. (Doc. #1, at 1). In addition, Catli alleges PennyMac denied Catli’s
constitutional rights through a state court action. (Doc. #1, at 1). Catli seeks “restoring the
property to its lawful owner.” (Doc. #1, at 1). PennyMac now moves to dismiss this matter
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with prejudice pursuant to Rules 12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allows a court to dismiss an
action pursuant to the lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. Rule 12(b)(1) attacks on subject
matter jurisdiction occur in two forms: facial and factual. Garcia v. Copenhaver, Bell &
Assocs., M.D.’s P.A., 104 F.3d 1256, 1260 (11th Cir. 1997) (citing Lawrence v. Dunbar,
919 F.2d 1525, 1528-29 (11th Cir. 1990)). When there is a facial attack, the Court merely
reviews the operative complaint to “see if [the] plaintiff has sufficiently alleged a basis of
subject matter jurisdiction, and the allegations in his complaint are taken as true for the
purposes of the motion.” Lawrence, 919 F.2d at 1529 (citations omitted). Whereas, when
there is a factual attack, the Court reviews matters outside the pleadings such as
testimony and affidavits to determine if subject matter jurisdiction is present in the
underlying case. Id.
Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure allows a court to dismiss an
action pursuant to the failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. In deciding
a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, the Court must accept all factual allegations in a
complaint as true and take them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Bedasee v.
Fremont Inv. & Loan, 2:09-CV-111-FTM29SPC, 2010 WL 98996, at *1 (M.D. Fla. Jan. 6,
2010) (citing Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89 (2007); Christopher v. Harbury, 536 U.S.
403, 406 (2002)). “To survive dismissal, the complaint's allegations must plausibly
suggest that the [plaintiff] has a right to relief, raising that possibility above a speculative
level; if they do not, the plaintiff's complaint should be dismissed.” James River Ins. Co.
v. Ground Down Eng’g, Inc., 540 F.3d 1270, 1274 (11th Cir.2008) (citing Bell Atlantic
Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007)). Thus, the Court engages in a two-step
approach: “When there are well-pleaded factual allegations, a court should assume their
veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement to relief.”
Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 664 (2009). Dismissal is warranted under Rule 12(b)(6)
if, assuming the truth of the factual allegations of the plaintiff's complaint, there is a
dispositive legal issue which precludes relief. Bedasee, 2010 WL 98996, at *1 (citing
Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 326 (1989); Brown v. Crawford Cnty, 960 F.2d 1002,
1009-10 (11th Cir.1992)).
PennyMac asserts Catli’s lawsuit must be dismissed with prejudice because Catli
cannot seek federal review of a state court judgment. PennyMac asserts Catli is seeking
the Court’s review of a state court foreclosure judgment. Pursuant to the Rooker-Feldman
doctrine, Penny Mac asserts the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to entertain Catli’s
claim. See generally Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Co., 263 U.S. 413 (1923); District of
Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462 (1983).
Upon consideration, the Court finds PennyMac’s argument is persuasive. The law
is clear. A district court cannot review matters resolved in connection with a state court
judgment and cannot review matters “inextricably intertwined” with a state court judgment.
See Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach, Fla., 713 F.3d 1066, 1071-72 (11th Cir. 2013).
Here, Catli’s state court action ended before the commencement of this federal action.
(See Doc. #10, at 15-19; cf. Doc. #1). Catli seeks review of a state foreclosure action and
seeks the return of his property. Since the state court proceedings have ended and Catli’s
claims before the Court are inextricably intertwined with the state court judgment, the
Court does not have jurisdiction to facilitate this case. See Velazquez v. S. Florida Fed.
Credit Union, 546 Fed. App’x. 854, 859 (11th Cir. 2013). That is, pursuant to the RookerFeldman doctrine the Court is unable to review the state court decision. The motion to
dismiss is due to be granted.
Accordingly, it is now
Defendant PennyMac Corporation's Motion to Dismiss (Doc. #10) is GRANTED.
Plaintiff Vanden Catli’s Complaint (Doc. #1) is DISMISSED with prejudice. The Clerk is
directed to mail a copy of this order to Plaintiff Vanden Catli. The Clerk is directed to enter
judgment and close the file.
DONE and ORDERED in Fort Myers, Florida this 26th day of February, 2015.
Copies: All Parties of Record
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