Torrealba v. Lynch et al

Filing 11

ORDER OF DISMISSAL granting 8 Motion to dismiss for Mootness and the 1 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition for writ of habeas corpus is dismissed as moot. The Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment accordingly and to close this case. Signed by Judge John E. Steele on 12/20/2016. (RKR)

Download PDF
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA FORT MYERS DIVISION ADDA TORREALBA, Petitioner, v. Case No: 2:16-cv-723-FtM-99MRM LORETTA E. LYNCH, Attorney General, JEH JOHNSON, Secretary, Department of Homeland Security, MARK J. MOORE, Field Office Director Enforcement, JUAN ACOSTA, Acting Field Officer Director, and JUAN MORENO, Officer in Charge, GladesMiami Office, Respondents. ORDER OF DISMISSAL Petitioner Adda Torrealba (“Petitioner”), a native and citizen of Venezuela, filed this petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (Doc. 1, filed September 23, 2016). At the time she filed her petition, Petitioner was detained at the Glades County Detention Center in Moore Haven, Florida pending deportation under a final order of removal. Id. at ¶ 16. Respondents filed a motion to dismiss mootness (Doc. 8, filed November 10, 2016). the petition for In their motion, Respondents assert that Petitioner is no longer in the custody of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) (Doc. 8-1). Petitioner has not responded to Respondents’ motion, and the time to do so has passed. Accordingly, the motion is ripe for review. For the reasons set forth below, the Court concludes that this action must be dismissed as moot. I. On September 11, BACKGROUND 2015, an immigration judge ordered Petitioner deported on the ground that she had been convicted of a removable offense under INA § 237(a) (Doc. 1 at ¶ 15). Petitioner’s appeal was denied, and the removal order became final on February 3, 2016. Id. at ¶ 16. In her § 2241 petition for habeas relief, Petitioner seeks release from ICE custody on the ground that the length of her current detention has been unreasonably long under Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 701 (2001). Id. at 5. In response to this Court’s order to show cause (Doc. 4), Respondents filed a motion to dismiss Petitioner’s habeas petition as moot (Doc. 8). Respondents urge that Petitioner challenges only her continued detention, and “[w]hen a habeas proceeding challenges the length of confinement as opposed to the underlying conviction and the petitioner is released, the petition should be dismissed as moot.” Id. at 1-2. To their motion, Respondents attach a Release Notification and Order of Supervision showing that Petitioner was released from ICE custody on October 28, 2016 and is allowed to remain at large pending deportation (Doc. 8-1). - 2 - II. DISCUSSION “[A] case is moot when the issues presented are no longer live or the parties lack a legally cognizable interest in the outcome.” Al Najjar v. Ashcroft, 273 F.3d 1330, 1335–36 (11th Cir. 2001)(internal punctuation omitted). “If events that occur subsequent to the filing of a lawsuit or an appeal deprive the court of the ability to give the plaintiff or appellant meaningful relief, then the case is moot and must be dismissed.” Id. at 1336. However, dismissal after petition continues to release present a is not live automatic; controversy a habeas after the petitioner’s release or deportation when there is some remaining “collateral consequence” that may be redressed by success on the petition. See Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7-8 (1998)(“Once the convict’s sentence has continuing injury other expired, than the however, some now-ended concrete incarceration and or parole—some ‘collateral consequence’ of the conviction—must exist if the suit is to be maintained.”); Lopez v. Gonzales, 549 U.S. 47, 52 n.2 (2006) (case not mooted by petitioner’s deportation because the petitioner could still benefit application for cancellation of removal). by pursuing his This exception to the mootness doctrine applies when: (1) the challenged action is too short in duration to be fully litigated prior to its cessation or expiration; and (2) there is a reasonable expectation that the same complaining party would be subjected to the same action again. - 3 - Weinstein v. Bradford, 423 U.S. 147, 149 (1975); Carafas v. LaVallee, 391 U.S. 234, 237 (1968); Murphy v. Hunt, 455 U.S. 478, 482 (1982). In the instant case, Petitioner challenges her extended detention and seeks only release from ICE custody (Doc. 1 at 7). She does Therefore, not challenge Petitioner’s the claim underlying was order resolved by of removal. her release. Because Petitioner was released pending removal, the chances of her extended detention happening again are too speculative to create a controversy sufficient to support a claim for relief, and the exception to the mootness doctrine does not apply. See Ijaoba v. Holder, Case No. 4:12-cv-3792-JHH-RRA, 2013 WL 1490927, at *1 (N.D. Ala. 2013) (“Since the petitioner has been released pending his deportation to Nigeria, the circumstances of this case happening again are too speculative to create an actual controversy sufficient to support a claim for relief.”). III. CONCLUSION Since the Court can no longer give Petitioner any meaningful relief, her § 2241 petition is moot and “dismissal is required because mootness is jurisdictional.” Al Najjar, 273 F.3d at 1336, 1253; Riley v. I.N.S., 310 F.3d 1253 (10th Cir. 2002) (release from detention under an order of supervision moots a petitioner’s challenge to the legality of his extended detention); Nunes v. Decker, 480 F. App’x 173, 175 (3d Cir. 2012) (release of alien - 4 - under order of supervision who challenged only his extended detention mooted § 2241 habeas petition because the alien “achieved the result he sought in his habeas petition”); see also Hernandez– Gonzalez v. Holder, Case No. 2:13-cv-190-FtM-29DNF, 2013 WL 1729005, * 1–2 (M.D. Fla. 2013). Accordingly, it is now ORDERED: 1. GRANTED. Respondents’ Motion to Dismiss for Mootness (Doc. 8) is The 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition for writ of habeas corpus (Doc. 1) is dismissed as moot. 2. The Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment accordingly and to close this case. DONE and ORDERED in Fort Myers, Florida on this of December, 2016. SA: OrlP-4 Copies: Adda Torrealba Counsel of Record - 5 - 20th day

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?