Boggs v. Secretary, Department of Corrections et al
ORDER granting Respondents' request to dismiss 6 the case as untimely; dismissing the action with prejudice, with directions to the Clerk. Signed by Judge Marcia Morales Howard on 9/14/2022. (BL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
KENNETH MARTINE BOGGS,
Case No. 3:20-cv-228-MMH-MCR
DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS,
Petitioner Kenneth Martine Boggs, an inmate of the Florida penal
system, initiated this action on June 21, 2019, 1 by filing a Petition for Writ of
Habeas Corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Petition; Doc. 1). 2 In the Petition,
Boggs challenges a 2004 state court (Duval County, Florida) judgment of
conviction for first degree murder, attempted first degree murder, armed
robbery with a firearm, and aggravated battery with a firearm (two counts).
He raises one ground for relief. See Petition at 4-6. Respondents have
See Petition at 9 (showing that Boggs delivered the Petition to prison officers
for mailing on June 21, 2019); see also id. at 1 (reflecting a March 4, 2020 prison file
2 For purposes of reference to pleadings and exhibits, the Court will cite the
document page numbers assigned by the Court’s electronic docketing system.
submitted a memorandum in opposition to the Petition, arguing that the
Petition is untimely. See Motion to Dismiss Petition as Untimely Filed
(Response; Doc. 6). They also submitted exhibits. See Docs. 6-1 through 6-3.
Boggs did not file a brief in reply, and briefing closed in February 2021. See
Order (Doc. 7). This action is ripe for review.
II. One-Year Limitations Period
The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA)
imposes a one-year statute of limitations on petitions for writ of habeas corpus.
Specifically, 28 U.S.C. § 2244 provides:
(d)(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to
an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person
in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court.
The limitation period shall run from the latest of—
(A) the date on which the judgment
became final by the conclusion of direct
review or the expiration of the time for
seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to
filing an application created by State
action in violation of the Constitution or
laws of the United States is removed, if
the applicant was prevented from filing by
such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional
right asserted was initially recognized by
the Supreme Court, if the right has been
newly recognized by the Supreme Court
and made retroactively applicable to cases
on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate
of the claim or claims presented could
have been discovered through the exercise
of due diligence.
(2) The time during which a properly filed application
for State post-conviction or other collateral review
with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is
pending shall not be counted toward any period of
limitation under this subsection.
28 U.S.C. § 2244(d).
Respondents contend that Boggs has not complied with the one-year
period of limitations set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). See Response at 4-5. In
the Petition, Boggs asserts that the Petition is timely. Petition at 8. The
following procedural history is relevant to the one-year limitations issue. On
April 18, 2002, the State of Florida charged Boggs by Indictment in Duval
County case number 2002-CF-2881 with first degree murder (count one),
attempted first degree murder (count two), armed robbery (counts three and
four), armed kidnapping (counts five, six, seven, and eight), and aggravated
battery (counts nine and ten). Doc. 6-1 at 9-11. On September 2, 2004, Boggs
entered a guilty plea on counts one, two, three, nine, and ten, and the State
agreed that it would nolle pros counts four through eight. Id. at 14-18, Pleas of
Guilty and Negotiated Sentences; see id. at 29-49, Transcript of the Plea
Hearing. That same day, the court sentenced Boggs to life imprisonment on
counts one, two, and three, and fifteen-year terms of imprisonment on counts
nine and ten. Id. at 19-28, Judgment. Under Florida law, Boggs had thirty days
from the date of rendition of the written order imposing his sentence to file a
direct appeal. See Fla. R. App. P. 9.140(b)(3). Boggs did not appeal the
judgment and sentence, and therefore, his conviction and sentence became
final on Saturday, October 2, 2004. He had until Monday, October 4, 2004, to
file a direct appeal. The one-year limitations period began to run the next day
on Tuesday, October 5, 2004. Accordingly, Boggs had until Wednesday, October
5, 2005, to file a federal habeas petition. He did not file the instant Petition
until June 21, 2019. Thus, the Petition is due to be dismissed as untimely
unless he can avail himself of the statutory provisions which extend or toll the
With the one-year limitations period having expired on October 5, 2005,
none of Boggs’s postconviction motions 3 filed after October 5, 2005, 4 could toll
the limitations period because there was no period remaining to be tolled. See
Sibley v. Culliver, 377 F.3d 1196, 1204 (11th Cir. 2004) (stating that, where a
Boggs’s March 31, 2005 request for documents, see Doc. 6-1 at 50, is not a
tolling motion for purposes of § 2244(d)(2) because the filing was not a collateral
attack on his conviction or sentence. See Brown v. Sec’y for Dep’t of Corr., 530 F.3d
1335, 1338 (11th Cir. 2008) (recognizing that a discovery motion does not toll
AEDPA’s one-year limitations period).
4 See Response at 3; see also Docs. 6-1 at 2-4, state-court docket (showing Boggs
filed his post convictions motions pursuant to Florida Rules of Criminal Procedure
3.800 and 3.850 on July 11, 2007); 6-2 at 12 (showing a July 10th delivery date).
state prisoner files postconviction motions in state court after the AEDPA
limitations period has expired, those filings cannot toll the limitations period
because “once a deadline has expired, there is nothing left to toll”). Given the
record, Boggs’s June 21, 2019 Petition is untimely filed, and due to be
dismissed unless Boggs can establish that equitable tolling of the statute of
limitations is warranted.
“When a prisoner files for habeas corpus relief outside the one-year
limitations period, a district court may still entertain the petition if the
petitioner establishes that he is entitled to equitable tolling.” Damren v.
Florida, 776 F.3d 816, 821 (11th Cir. 2015). The United States Supreme Court
has established a two-prong test for the application of equitable tolling, stating
that a petitioner must show “(1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently,
and (2) that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented
timely filing.” Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 649 (2010) (quotations and
citation omitted); Cadet v. Fla. Dep’t of Corr., 853 F.3d 1216, 1221 (11th Cir.
2017). As an extraordinary remedy, equitable tolling is “limited to rare and
exceptional circumstances and typically applied sparingly.” Cadet, 853 F.3d at
1221 (quotations and citation omitted). The burden is on Boggs to make a
showing of extraordinary circumstances that “are both beyond his control and
unavoidable even with diligence,” and this high hurdle will not be easily
surmounted. Howell v. Crosby, 415 F.3d 1250, 1251 (11th Cir. 2005)
(quotations and citation omitted); Wade v. Battle, 379 F.3d 1254, 1265 (11th
Cir. 2004) (per curiam) (citations omitted). He simply has not met his burden.
In the Petition, Boggs apparently bases his timeliness argument on the
pendency of a Rule 3.800 motion that he allegedly filed on February 8, 2005.
Petition at 8. However, he is mistaken as to the filing date. The record reflects
that Boggs filed a Rule 3.800 motion on July 10, 2007, well after the one-year
limitations period had run. See Docs. 6-1 at 4, docket entry 295; 6-2 at 4-12
(showing a July 10, 2007 delivery date); see also Response at 3 n.1 (“The lower
court docket confirms it was docketed on July 11, 2007.”). Boggs has not shown
a justifiable reason why the dictates of the one-year limitations period should
not be imposed upon him. For this reason, the Court will dismiss this case with
prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d).
IV. Certificate of Appealability
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)
If Boggs seeks issuance of a certificate of appealability, the undersigned
opines that a certificate of appealability is not warranted. The Court should
issue a certificate of appealability only if the petitioner makes “a substantial
showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). To make
this substantial showing, Boggs “must demonstrate that reasonable jurists
would find the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims
debatable or wrong,” Tennard v. Dretke, 542 U.S. 274, 282 (2004) (quoting
Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)), or that “the issues presented were
‘adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further,’” Miller-El v. Cockrell,
537 U.S. 322, 335-36 (2003) (quoting Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 893 n.4
Where a district court has rejected a petitioner’s constitutional claims on
the merits, the petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find
the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong.
See Slack, 529 U.S. at 484. However, when the district court has rejected a
claim on procedural grounds, the petitioner must show that “jurists of reason
would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial
of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable
whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling.” Id. Upon
consideration of the record as a whole, the Court will deny a certificate of
Therefore, it is now
ORDERED AND ADJUDGED:
Respondents’ request to dismiss (Doc. 6) the case as untimely is
GRANTED, and this action is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
The Clerk of the Court shall enter judgment dismissing this case
If Boggs appeals the dismissal of the case, the Court denies a
certificate of appealability. Because the Court has determined that a certificate
of appealability is not warranted, the Clerk shall terminate from the pending
motions report any motion to proceed on appeal as a pauper that may be filed
in this case. Such termination shall serve as a denial of the motion.
The Clerk of the Court is directed to close this case and terminate
any pending motions.
DONE AND ORDERED at Jacksonville, Florida, this 14th day of
Kenneth Martine Boggs, FDOC #292040
Counsel of Record
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