Bennett et al v. Mina et al
ORDER striking 1 Complaint. Plaintiff shall have up to and including December 11, 2020, to file an amended complaint. Plaintiff is DIRECTED to SHOW CAUSE why this case should remain pending in the Jacksonville Division and not be transferred to the Orlando Division. Show cause response due December 11, 2020. See Order for details. Signed by Judge Marcia Morales Howard on 11/20/2020. (MHM)
Case 3:20-cv-01288-MMH-JRK Document 2 Filed 11/20/20 Page 1 of 5 PageID 14
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
SHANTELE RENEÈ BENNETT, et al.,
Case No. 3:20-cv-1288-J-34JRK
JOHN WILLIAM MINA, et al.,
THIS CAUSE is before the Court sua sponte. Plaintiff Shantele Reneè Bennett,
who is proceeding pro se, initiated the instant action on November 16, 2020, by filing a
Civil Complaint (Doc. 1; Complaint) on behalf of herself and the “Estate of Shantele Reneè
Bennett.” See Complaint at 1-2.1 Although difficult to discern, Bennett appears to contend
that Defendant John William Mina forged his high school diploma, allowing him to obtain
employment as a law enforcement officer, and the other Defendants failed to properly
investigate Mina’s qualifications, require appropriate documentation, or hold anyone
It is unclear what Bennett intends by listing the “Estate of Shantele Reneè Bennett” as a plaintiff in this
action, as there are no allegations in the body of the Complaint that refer to this entity or a decedent. Notably,
Bennett does not allege that she is the personal representative of this Estate and thus it is unclear whether
she is authorized to assert any claims on behalf of the Estate. See Wazen v. Blackmon, No.
3:10cv50/MCR/MD, 2011 WL 13318386, at *4 (N.D. Fla. Feb. 18, 2011). Regardless, the Court cautions
Bennett that because she is proceeding pro se in this matter, it appears that she is not authorized to prosecute
any claims on behalf of the Estate, which is a separate legal entity. Id. at *4 n.2 (“The estate of the decedent
is a separate legal entity from the individual plaintiff. Therefore, this case could only be maintained through
counsel.”); see also Eason v. Williams, No. 5:00-CV-0969-VEH, 2008 WL 11423965, at *5-6 (N.D. Ala. Sept.
5, 2008) (“[I]f an estate has beneficiaries or creditors other than the administratrix, then a non-lawyer
administratrix cannot represent the interest of such an estate in litigation because that constitutes an
impermissible unauthorized practice of law.”).
Case 3:20-cv-01288-MMH-JRK Document 2 Filed 11/20/20 Page 2 of 5 PageID 15
accountable. See generally Complaint.2 Upon review, the Court finds that it lacks subject
matter jurisdiction over this action. Accordingly, the Court will strike the Complaint and
provide Bennett with the opportunity to file an amended complaint that adequately sets
forth a basis for this Court’s subject matter jurisdiction.
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and therefore have an obligation to
inquire into their subject matter jurisdiction. See Kirkland v. Midland Mortgage Co., 243
F.3d 1277, 1279–80 (11th Cir. 2001). This obligation exists regardless of whether the
parties have challenged the existence of subject matter jurisdiction. See Univ. of S. Ala. v.
Am. Tobacco Co., 168 F.3d 405, 410 (11th Cir. 1999) (“[I]t is well settled that a federal
court is obligated to inquire into subject matter jurisdiction sua sponte whenever it may be
lacking.”). “In a given case, a federal district court must have at least one of three types of
subject matter jurisdiction: (1) jurisdiction under a specific statutory grant; (2) federal
question jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331; or (3) diversity jurisdiction pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 1332(a).” Baltin v. Alaron Trading Corp., 128 F.3d 1466, 1469 (11th Cir. 1997).
In the Complaint, Bennett alleges that the Court has federal question jurisdiction
over this action and identifies 18 U.S.C. § 472 as the federal statute at issue in this case.
Id. at 5. However, 18 U.S.C. § 472 is a federal criminal statute for which no private right of
See Murphy v. Kendrick, Case No.: 2:20-cv-263-MHT-WC, 2020 WL
5377294, at *3 (M.D. Ala. July 24, 2020) (collecting cases for the proposition that a plaintiff
cannot maintain a civil claim based on a violation of a federal criminal statute absent some
expression of Congressional intent otherwise) adopted by 2020 WL 5371348, at *1 (M.D.
Bennett also includes a brief reference to the denial of “equal cival [sic] service to a person with disability,”
but the allegation is so vague and conclusory that the Court cannot discern whether any legal claim arises
from this allegation or how it relates to the remainder of the Complaint. See Complaint at 10.
Case 3:20-cv-01288-MMH-JRK Document 2 Filed 11/20/20 Page 3 of 5 PageID 16
Ala. Sept. 8, 2020); Clancy v. Fla. Dep’t of Corrections, No. 6:18-cv-501-Orl-41KRS, 2018
WL 325573, at *2 (M.D. Fla. May 24, 2018) adopted by 2018 WL 3218901, at *1 (M.D. Fla.
July 2, 2018); Johnson v. Regions Mortg., No. 1:11-CV-3743-WBH-CCH, 2012 WL
12897088, at *7 (N.D. Ga. Apr. 23, 2012) (finding that 18 U.S.C. § 472, as a criminal
statute, does “not provide Plaintiffs with a private right of action”) adopted by 2012 WL
12897976 (N.D. Ga. May 21, 2012); see also Chrysler Corp. v. Brown, 441 U.S. 281, 317
(1979) (explaining that the Supreme Court “has rarely implied a private right of action under
a criminal statute, and where it has done so ‘there was at least a statutory basis for inferring
that a civil cause of action of some sort lay in favor of someone’” (citation omitted)). Thus,
Bennett cannot rely on this statute to invoke federal question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C.
§ 1331. See Razzi v. Nimler, No. 5:14-cv-447-Oc-22PRL, 2014 WL 5038337, at *3 (M.D.
Fla. Oct. 8, 2014) (finding no federal jurisdiction where plaintiff attempted to state a claim
premised on a federal criminal statute for which there is no private right of action); Echols
v. Bank of Am., N.A., No. Civ.A. 2:04CV152-RWS, 2005 WL 563116, at *1 (N.D. Ga. Feb.
3, 2005) (finding no subject matter jurisdiction where plaintiff relied on federal statute for
which there is no private cause of action). Moreover, upon review of the Complaint, the
Court can discern no other basis for the exercise of subject matter jurisdiction over this
case. In light of the foregoing, the Court will strike the Complaint and provide Bennett with
the opportunity to file an amended complaint.
However, the Court also takes this opportunity to note that it appears this action
does not belong in the Jacksonville Division of the United States District Court for the
Middle District of Florida. Pursuant to Local Rule 1.01(c), Local Rules, United States
District Court, Middle District of Florida (Local Rule(s)), “[a]ll civil proceedings of any kind
Case 3:20-cv-01288-MMH-JRK Document 2 Filed 11/20/20 Page 4 of 5 PageID 17
shall be instituted in that Division encompassing the county or counties having the greatest
nexus with the cause, giving due regard to the place where the claim arose and the
residence or principal place of business of the parties.” Additionally, Local Rule 1.02(e)
provides that “[t]he Court may, within its discretion, . . . order that any case, civil or criminal,
be transferred from one Division to any other Division for trial[.]” Upon review of the
Complaint, it appears that the acts complained of primarily relate to Orange County,
Florida.3 See generally Complaint. Bennett identifies her address as a Post Office Box in
Orlando, Florida, which is in Orange County, and most of the Defendants are individuals
or entities also located in Orlando, Florida. Id. at 2-4. Indeed, the Complaint does not set
forth any relation to a location encompassed by the Jacksonville Division. As such, the
Court will direct Bennett to show cause why this matter should remain pending in the
Jacksonville Division and not be transferred to the Orlando Division pursuant to Local Rule
1.02(e). Accordingly, it is
1. The Civil Complaint (Doc. 1) is STRICKEN.
2. Plaintiff Shantele Reneè Bennett shall have up to and including December 11,
2020, to file an amended complaint which complies with this Order. Failure to
comply with this Order may result in the dismissal of this action without further
Pursuant to Local Rule 1.02(b)(3), “The Orlando Division shall consist of the following counties: Brevard,
Orange, Osceola, Seminole and Volusia. The place of holding court shall be Orlando.”
Case 3:20-cv-01288-MMH-JRK Document 2 Filed 11/20/20 Page 5 of 5 PageID 18
3. Bennett is DIRECTED to SHOW CAUSE by a written response filed on or before
December 11, 2020, why this case should remain pending in the Jacksonville
Division and not be transferred to the Orlando Division pursuant to Local Rule
DONE AND ORDERED in Jacksonville, Florida, this 20th day of November, 2020.
Pro Se Parties
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?