Sabal Trail Transmission, LLC v. 1.44 Acres of Land in Lake County Florida et al
ORDER granting 23 Plaintiff's Motion for Final Default Judgment. Plaintiff has properly exercised its power of eminent domain. $1,500 is just compensation for Parcel FL-LA-076.000. Upon payment by Plaintiff of $1,500 into the registry of the Court, title to Parcel FL-LA-076.000, as provided at Doc. 1-2, shall become vested in Plaintiff. The Clerk of the Court is directed to terminate all pending matters and to close this case upon Plaintiff's deposit pursuant to this Order. Signed by Judge James S. Moody, Jr on 9/21/2016. (LN)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
SABAL TRAIL TRANSMISSION, LLC,
Case No.: 5:16-cv-164-JSM-PRL
Tract No(s): FL-LA-076.000
+/- 1.44 ACRES OF LAND IN LAKE
COUNTY FLORIDA, CHRISTOPHER
BAUMANN, ANN MARIE BAUMANN
AND UNKNOWN OWNERS, IF ANY,
This cause is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion for Final Summary Default Judgment
(Doc. 23) against Christopher Baumann and Ann Marie Baumann. No Defendant has appeared in
this action. After consideration of the allegations of the Complaint, Plaintiff’s Motion for Final
Summary Default Judgment, and the applicable law, the Court concludes that Plaintiff’s Motion
for Final Summary Default Judgment should be granted.
On February 2, 2016, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) issued an
order that, among other things, granted Plaintiff a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity
(“FERC Certificate”), which authorizes Plaintiff to construct and operate the Sabal Trail Project
(“Project”). The FERC Certificate authorizes the construction and operation of the Project on its
specified terms and conditions. (FERC Certificate, ¶ 88, p. 28). FERC found the Project is
necessary, its “benefits to the market will outweigh any adverse effects on other pipelines and their
captive customers, and on landowners and surrounding communities,” and “the public
convenience and necessity requires approval of” the Project, as conditioned in the Order granting
The purpose of the Project is to provide additional supplies of natural gas to Florida Power &
Light Company and Duke Energy Florida, LLC, for their power generation needs and to the
southeast region of the United States as a whole, by making additional supplies and new energy
infrastructure available to support other regional power generators and the growing demand for
natural gas. Upon completion, Plaintiff will be able to transport up to 1.1 billion cubic feet of
natural gas per day.
The Project involves the construction and operation of approximately 516.2 miles of
natural gas pipeline and related facilities. The pipeline facilities will consist of approximately
481.6 miles of mainline pipeline in Alabama, Georgia, and Florida; 13.1 miles of lateral pipeline
(the Hunters Creek Line) in Florida; 21.5 miles of lateral pipeline (the Citrus County Line) in
Florida; five new natural gas-fired compressor stations; and appurtenant facilities. Plaintiff also
will construct and operate a facility in Osceola County, Florida, referred to as the Central Florida
Plaintiff filed this condemnation action in order to acquire easement interests necessary to
complete the Project. Plaintiff served Christopher Baumann and Ann Marie Baumann on April 13,
2016. On April 15, 2016, Plaintiff filed Affidavits of Service (Docs. 14 and 15). Christopher
Baumann and Ann Marie Baumann have not filed an answer or otherwise appeared in the case.
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 71.1(c)(3), Plaintiff performed a diligent
search to locate any persons who may have an interest in Parcel FL-LA-076.000, other than
Christopher Baumann and Ann Marie Baumann and did not locate any such people. Thus, Plaintiff
has been unable to reach an agreement with the owners of Parcel FL-LA-076.000.
On May 24, 2016, this Court entered an Order (Doc. 19) in this case granting Plaintiff’s
Motions for Partial Summary Judgment Determining the Right to Condemn Easements and
Preliminary Injunction for Immediate Possession. On July 5, 2016, the Court entered a Clerk’s
default against Christopher Baumann and Ann Marie Baumann (Doc. 22).
Following entry of the Clerk’s default, Plaintiff filed its Motion for Final Summary Default
Judgment (Doc. 23) stating that the value of the proposed taking is $1,500. This valuation is
supported by the declaration of Richard H. Parham, a State-Certified General Real Estate
Appraiser. Mr. Parham has been an appraiser for twenty seven years. On June 13, 2016, Mr.
Parham prepared an appraisal of the value of the easements at issue, collectively identified as FLLA-076.000, and determined that just compensation for Parcel FL-LA-076.000 to be $1,500, as of
June 13, 2016. There is nothing in the record that contradicts Mr. Parham’s opinion of value.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide that in eminent domain proceedings “the
failure to so serve an answer constitutes consent to the taking and to the court’s authority to proceed
with the action and fix the compensation.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 71.1(d)(2)(A)(vi). “When a party against
whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought has failed to plead or otherwise defend, and that
failure is shown by affidavit or otherwise, the clerk must enter the party’s default.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
55(a). Following entry of a clerk’s default, the court may enter a default judgment. Fed. R. Civ. P.
55(b)(2). The Court finds that Plaintiff is entitled to default judgment against Defendants.
It is without question that Plaintiff has the authority pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 717f(h) (2016)
to condemn the easements it seeks: “When any holder of a certificate of public convenience and
necessity cannot acquire by contract, or is unable to agree with the owner of property to the
compensation to be paid for, the necessary right-of-way to construct, operate, and maintain a pipe
line or pipe lines for the transportation of natural gas, and the necessary land or other property, in
addition to right-of-way, for the location of compressor stations, pressure apparatus, or other
stations or equipment necessary to the proper operation of such pipe line or pipe lines, it may
acquire the same by the exercise of the right of eminent domain in the district court of the United
States for the district in which such property may be located. . . .”
A number of courts have held, and this Court agrees, that the Natural Gas Act authorizes a
party to exercise the federal power of eminent domain to acquire property necessary for an
interstate natural gas pipeline project when: (1) the plaintiff is the holder of a FERC Certificate
authorizing a project, (2) FERC has determined that the property is necessary for the project, and
(3) the plaintiff is unable to acquire the property by contract. E.g., Columbia Gas Trans., LLC, v.
1.01 Acres, More or Less, in Penn Twp., York Cty., Pa., 768 F.3d 300, 304 (3d Cir. 2014);
Columbia Gas Trans., LLC, v. 0.85 Acres, No. WDQ-14-2288, 2014 WL 4471541, at *3 (D. Md.
Sept. 8, 2014); Transcon. Gas Pipe Line Co., LLC, v. Permanent Easement Totaling 2.322 Acres,
No. 3:14-cv-00400-HEH, 2014 WL 4365476, at *4 (E.D. Va. Sept. 2, 2014).
District courts have limited jurisdiction in Natural Gas Act condemnation actions. The
condemnation action “does not provide challengers with an additional forum to attack the
substance and validity of a FERC order. The district court’s function under the statute is not
appellate but, rather, to provide for enforcement.” Williams Nat. Gas Co. v. Okla. City, 890 F.2d
255, 264 (10th Cir. 1989), cert. denied, 497 U.S. 1003 (1990). “The District Court’s sole charge
and authority is to evaluate the scope of the FERC Certificate, and order the condemnation of
property in accordance with that scope.” Steckman Ridge GP, LLC, v. An Exclusive Nat. Gas
Storage Easement Beneath 11.078 Acres, More or Less, in Monroe Twp., et al., Nos. 08-168, et
al., 2008 WL 4346405, at *3 (W.D. Pa. Sept. 19, 2008) (citations omitted); see also Columbia Gas
Transmission Corp. v. An Easement to Construct, Operate & Maintain a 24-Inch Pipeline, No.
5:07CV04009, 2008 WL 2439889, at *2 (W.D. Va. June 9, 2008).
Accordingly, Plaintiff previously moved for partial summary judgment (Doc. 2)
confirming its right to condemn the easements, and this Court issued an order granting partial
summary judgment as to that issue (Doc. 19).
The only issue remaining to be decided is the amount of compensation to be paid for the
taking. As to this issue, in the absence of any appearance by Defendants and conflicting
representations relative to valuation, the Court accepts the appraisal evidence presented by
Plaintiff, establishing that just compensation for Parcel FL-LA-076.000 is $1,500.
Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED AND ADJUDGED:
Plaintiff’s Motion for Final Default Judgment (Doc. 23) is GRANTED.
Plaintiff has properly exercised its power of eminent domain.
$1,500 is just compensation for Parcel FL-LA-076.000.
Upon payment by Plaintiff of $1,500 into the registry of the Court, title to Parcel
FL-LA-076.000, as provided at Doc. 1-2, shall become vested in Plaintiff.
The Clerk of the Court is directed to terminate all pending matters and to close this
Case upon Plaintiff’s deposit pursuant to this Order.
DONE and ORDERED in Tampa, Florida, this 21st day of September, 2016.
Copies furnished to:
Counsel/Parties of Record
S:\OCALA\2016\16-cv-164 final default judgment.docx
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