Novotny v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER granting 24 Motion for Attorney Fees. Signed by Magistrate Judge Philip R. Lammens on 7/14/2021. (JWM)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
VICTOR THEODORE NOVOTNY,
Case No: 5:19-cv-512-PRL
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
This matter is before the Court on the motion of Plaintiff’s counsel, Richard
Culbertson, for authorization to charge a reasonable fee pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §406(b) in the
amount of $8,411.05. (Doc. 24). In support of the motion, counsel has filed a signed fee
agreement in which Plaintiff acknowledges a 25% fee award of past due benefits. (Doc. 24-1).
Counsel represents that the Commissioner has no objection to the requested fees.
Previously, this Court remanded the case to the Social Security Administration for
further proceedings. (Doc. 19). The Court entered an order awarding attorney’s fees to
Plaintiff’s counsel under the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”) in the sum of $2,565.20.
(Doc. 23). Subsequently, on remand, Plaintiff was awarded past due benefits and 25% of the
award amount ($10,976.25) was withheld in case the administration needed to pay Plaintiff’s
representative. (Doc. 24-2). Pursuant to the fee agreement, the attorney fee payable from
Plaintiff’s past-due benefits is $10,976.25. Plaintiff’s counsel thus requests an attorney fee
award in the amount of $8,411.,05, the amount due under the fee agreement minus the
amount of EAJA fees previously awarded.
Under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1), an attorney, as here, who successfully represents a Social
Security claimant in court may be awarded as part of the judgment “a reasonable fee for such
representation, not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits” awarded to the
claimant. The fee is payable “out of, and not in addition to, the amount of [the] past-due
benefits.” 42 U.S.C. Sec 406(b)(1). As required by Gisbrecht v. Barnhardt, 535 U.S. 789, 808
(2002) - the Supreme Court’s pronouncement concerning the award of 406(b) fees - courts
should approach contingent-fee determinations by first looking to the agreement between the
attorney and the client, and then testing that agreement for reasonableness. “A contingent-fee
agreement is not per se reasonable. Deference should be given, however, to the ‘freely
negotiated expression both of a claimant’s willingness to pay more than a particular hourly
rate ... and of an attorney’s willingness to take the case despite the risk of nonpayment.” Joslyn
v. Barnhart, 389 F.Supp.2d 454, 456 (W.D. N.Y. 2005). As such, when a court is called upon
to assess the reasonableness of the award, a court should balance the interest in protecting
claimants from inordinately large fees against the interest in ensuring that attorneys are
adequately compensated so that they continue to represent clients in disability benefits cases.
Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 805. In making this reasonableness determination, the Supreme Court
highlighted several important factors including: (1) whether the requested fee is out of line
with the “character of the representation and the results the representation achieved;” (2)
whether the attorney unreasonably delayed the proceedings in an attempt to increase the
accumulation of benefits and thereby increase his own fee; and (3) whether “the benefits
awarded are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case,” the socalled “windfall” factor. Id. at 808.
Here, the Court finds that the requested attorney’s fees are reasonable. The requested
fee will not result in a windfall for counsel – i.e., that counsel is receiving compensation she
is not entitled to and that payment of the compensation would be unfair or detrimental to
Plaintiff. The Court notes that this case involved lengthy administrative proceedings and
remand. In this regard, counsel has submitted a signed fee agreement in which Plaintiff
acknowledged that counsel would receive 25% of all past due benefits awarded on appeal.
(Doc. 24-1). The Court is satisfied that this fee award is reasonable in comparison to the
amount of time and effort Plaintiff’s counsel and his associate expended on this case and given
the risks in contingent litigation. Further, the Commissioner does not oppose the attorney fee
award requested by Plaintiff.
Accordingly, for these reasons, Counsel’s motion for authorization to charge a
reasonable fee pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 406(b) (Doc. 24) is due to be GRANTED. Section
406(b) fees are approved for Mr. Culbertson in the sum of $8,411.05.
DONE and ORDERED in Ocala, Florida on July 14, 2021.
Copies furnished to:
Counsel of Record
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