Daniels et al v. Federal Emergency Management Agency et al

Filing 12

ORDER - the Court's Temporary Restraining Order (Doc. 9) is vacated. This case is dismissed with prejudice, and the Clerk is directed to close the file. Signed by Judge Gregory A. Presnell on 2/27/2006. (CMK)

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Daniels et al v. Federal Emergency Management Agency et al Doc. 12 Case 6:06-cv-00193-GAP-KRS Document 12 Filed 02/27/2006 Page 1 of 2 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA O RLANDO DIVISION BARRY D. DANIELS II, TRACY L. CARD, Plaintiffs, -vsFEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, FEMA LONG TERM RELIEF OFFICE (ORLANDO DIVISION), Defendants. ______________________________________ Case No. 6:06-cv-193-Orl-31KRS ORDER This matter came before the Court on the Plaintiffs' Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order (Doc. 7), in which they sought to prohibit the Defendants from evicting the Plaintiffs from the house trailer provided to them by the Defendants. On February 17, 2006, the Court granted a Temporary Restraining Order (Doc. 9), and set the case for a hearing on February 27, 2006, at which the parties presented oral argument. The Court now finds that, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. section 5148, the Court lacks jurisdiction to enforce the Temporary Restraining Order, because the Defendants' actions in this case are discretionary.1 1 Title 42 section 5148 specifically provides: The Federal Government shall not be liable for any claim based upon the exercise or performance of or the failure to exercise or perform a discretionary function or duty on the part of a Federal agency or an employee of the Federal Government in carrying out the provisions of this chapter. 42 U.S.C. 5148. This section applies to actions for damages, as well as to actions for injunctive and declaratory relief. See Rosas v. Brock, 826 F.2d 1004, 1008 (11th Cir. 1987). Dockets.Justia.com Case 6:06-cv-00193-GAP-KRS Document 12 Filed 02/27/2006 Page 2 of 2 The statute under which the Plaintiffs brought this action provides that "the President may provide temporary housing," 42 U.S.C. 5174(c)(1)(B)(i) (emphasis supplied), and the term "may" clearly indicates that assistance is discretionary. See Lockett v. F.E.M.A., 836 F. Supp. 847, 854 (S.D. Fla. 1993). Further, the Temporary Housing Occupant Dwelling Lease entered into by the Plaintiffs and the Federal Emergency Management Agency provides for a one-month initial term which may be renewed for successive one-month terms subject to certain conditions, and which FEMA may terminate, at any time, under certain conditions and for a variety of reasons. Therefore, FEMA's decision-making under this lease, both to renew and/or terminate the agreement, constitutes a discretionary action which is exempted from judicial review by 42 U.S.C. section 5148. Accordingly, it is ORDERED THAT the Court's Temporary Restraining Order (Doc. 9) is VACATED. This case is DISMISSED with prejudice, and the Clerk is directed to close the file. DONE and ORDERED in Chambers, Orlando, Florida on February 27, 2006. Copies furnished to: Counsel of Record Unrepresented Party -2-

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