Local Access, LLC et al v. Peerless Network, Inc.
REDACTED ORDER granting 338 355 Defendant's Motion to Re-Open Case; denying as moot 338 355 Defendant's Alternative Motion to Dismiss With Prejudice; granting 340 348 Plaintiffs' Motion to Enforce Settlement. This action is dismissed with prejudice. The Court retains jurisdiction as stated herein. The Clerk of Court is directed to close the file. Signed by Judge Paul G. Byron on 8/10/2017. (SEN)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
LOCAL ACCESS, LLC and BLITZ
TELECOM CONSULTING, LLC,
Case No: 6:14-cv-399-Orl-40TBS
PEERLESS NETWORK, INC.,
LOCAL ACCESS, LLC,
This cause comes before the Court on the following:
1. Peerless Network, Inc.’s Motion to Re-Open the Case for Further
Proceedings or in the Alternative Dismiss With Prejudice (Doc. 338; Sealed
Doc. 355), filed April 28, 2017;
2. Plaintiffs’ Response in Opposition to Defendant’s Motion to Re-Open Case
for Further Proceedings or in the Alternative Dismiss With Prejudice (Doc.
346; Sealed Doc. 353), filed May 12, 2017;
3. Plaintiffs’ Verified Motion to Enforce Settlement (Doc. 340; Sealed Doc.
348), filed May 1, 2017; and
4. Peerless Network, Inc.’s Response in Opposition to Plaintiffs’ Motion to
Enforce Settlement (Doc. 349; Sealed Doc. 354), filed May 15, 2017.
Upon consideration, the Court will grant Defendant’s motion to re-open the case,
deny Defendant’s motion to dismiss with prejudice, and grant Plaintiffs’ motion to enforce
the parties’ settlement agreement.
Plaintiffs, Local Access LLC and Blitz Telecom Consulting, LLC, initiated this
lawsuit against Defendant, Peerless Network, Inc., on March 12, 2014. The gist of the
parties’ dispute revolved around the performance of a telecommunications contract and
Defendant’s allegedly tortious and fraudulent conduct relative thereto. On the eve of trial,
and after three years of zealous litigation, the parties executed and filed a joint Notice of
Settlement, advising the Court that “the parties have settled all issues between them.”
(Doc. 334). As a result, the Court cancelled the pending jury trial and administratively
closed the case.
Defendant now moves to re-open the case for further proceedings. Defendant
claims that, contrary to its counsel’s affirmation in the joint Notice of Settlement, the
parties did not actually reach an agreement and that this case needs to proceed to trial.
Alternatively, Defendant says this action should be dismissed with prejudice if the Court
decides not to re-open the case. Plaintiffs agree that further proceedings are necessary,
but for a different reason: to enforce the terms of their settlement agreement with
As a preliminary matter, the parties do not disagree that further proceedings are
needed, although their reasons differ. The Court will therefore grant Defendant’s motion
to re-open the case to determine what those proceedings should entail. Consequently,
Defendant’s alternative motion to dismiss will be denied as moot.
Next, Plaintiffs move to enforce the terms of the settlement agreement they
purportedly reached with Defendant. It is well-settled that a district court has the inherent
power to enforce an agreement to settle a case pending before it. Ford v. Citizens & S.
Nat’l Bank, Cartersville, 928 F.2d 1118, 1121 (11th Cir. 1991); see also Wilson v. Wilson,
46 F.3d 660, 664 (7th Cir. 1995) (collecting cases observing this principle).
Notwithstanding, “a district court may only enforce completed settlement agreements.”
Wilson, 46 F.3d at 664. State contract law determines whether a settlement agreement
has been completed. See id. at 666.
Under Illinois law, 1 settlements are encouraged and are given full force and effect
“where they are based on sufficient consideration and the parties have met on equal
terms.” McAllister v. Hayes, 519 N.E.2d 71, 72 (Ill. App. Ct. 1988). It is not necessary for
a settlement agreement to be reduced to writing or formally executed; all that is required
is for the parties to reach a “meeting of the minds” as to the essential terms of settlement.
See K4 Enters., Inc. v. Grater, Inc., 914 N.E.2d 617, 624 (Ill. App. Ct. 2009). “A meeting
of the minds exists whenever the parties’ conduct objectively indicates an agreement to
the terms of the settlement, even if one or more parties did not subjectively intend to be
bound.” Cty. Line Nurseries & Landscaping, Inc. ex rel. Bankr. Tr. v. Glencoe Park Dist.,
46 N.E.3d 925, 932 (Ill. App. Ct. 2015).
The parties agree that Illinois contract law answers the question of whether a
settlement agreement was reached in this case.
Counsel for Defendant then replied, “Agreed.” The Court finds this final statement by
Defendant’s counsel to constitute the requisite meeting of the minds. Further, the Court
finds the above terms to be sufficiently definite and clear, and the Court is easily able to
ascertain what the parties intended to do. 3
Defendant’s complaints that it did not know exactly what it was agreeing to or that
it does not know what certain words might mean are, of course, of no consequence.
Defendant’s objective conduct—by stating, “Agreed.”—unequivocally indicates that it
intended to be bound by the nine paragraphs quoted above as amended by the final
email. Accordingly, these are the terms the Court will enforce.
For the aforementioned reasons, it is ORDERED AND ADJUDGED as follows:
1. Peerless Network, Inc.’s Motion to Re-Open the Case for Further
Proceedings (Doc. 338; Sealed Doc. 355) is GRANTED. The Clerk of Court
is DIRECTED to re-open the file.
2. Peerless Network, Inc.’s Alternative Motion to Dismiss With Prejudice
(Doc. 338; Sealed Doc. 355) is DENIED AS MOOT.
3. Plaintiffs’ Verified Motion to Enforce Settlement (Doc. 340; Sealed
Doc. 348) is GRANTED. The parties are ORDERED to adhere to the terms
of their settlement as memorialized by the nine paragraphs quoted above
and as amended by Plaintiff’s counsel’s final email, to which Defendant’s
counsel responded, “Agreed.”
The Court notes that Defendant does not contend that the settlement is not supported
by sufficient consideration or that its counsel was not authorized to act on its behalf to
settle this case.
4. This action is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE as agreed by the parties.
The Court retains jurisdiction over this matter to enforce the parties’
settlement agreement. The Court additionally retains jurisdiction to resolve
Defendant’s Motion for Sanctions for Litigation Misconduct (Doc. 343;
Sealed Doc. 356).
5. The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to close the file.
DONE AND ORDERED in Orlando, Florida on August 10, 2017.
Copies furnished to:
Counsel of Record
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