Rivera et al v. U.S.A. Transporter Services, Inc.
ORDER granting 35 Motion for Settlement; adopting 36 Report and Recommendations. Signed by Judge Roy B. Dalton, Jr. on 10/10/2017. (VMF)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
SANTIARY RIVERA; and HECTOR L.
Case No. 6:16-cv-2158-Orl37TBS
U.S.A. TRANSPORTER SERVICES,
Plaintiffs initiated this action against Defendant alleging, among other things, that
it failed to pay them overtime wages in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act
(“FLSA”). (Doc. 1.) Before the Court is the parties’ Third Amended Joint Motion to
Approve FLSA Settlement and to Dismiss with Prejudice, filed pursuant to Lynn’s Food
Stores, Inc. v. United States ex rel. United States Department of Labor, 679 F.2d 1350
(11th Cir. 1982). (Doc. 35 (“Motion”); Doc. 35-1 (“Agreement”).) On referral, U.S.
Magistrate Judge Thomas B. Smith issued a Report recommending that the Court grant
the Motion and approve the Agreement. (Doc. 36 (“R&R”).) The parties then jointly
notified the Court that they have no objections to the R&R. (Doc. 37.)
In his R&R, Magistrate Judge Smith concludes that the Agreement is fair and
reasonable because: (1) the payment amounts are fair; (2) the absence of a liquidated
damages award is supported by a good faith defense; and (3) the parties removed
previously offending language. (Doc. 36, pp. 5–9.)
In the absence of objections, the Court has reviewed the R&R only for clear error.
See Wiand v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., No. 8:12-cv-557-T-27EAJ, 2016 WL 355490, at *1 (M.D.
Fla. Jan. 28, 2016); see also Marcort v. Prem, Inc., 208 F. App’x 781, 784 (11th Cir. 2006).
Finding no clear error, the R&R is due to be adopted in its entirety. The Court writes
separately, however, to elucidate the standard for omitting liquidated damages in the
FLSA settlement context.
Generally, an award of liquidated damages equal to the amount of back pay is
mandatory in FLSA actions unless the employer can demonstrate that its actions were
taken in good faith—subjective component—and that it had reasonable grounds for
believing its actions did not violate the statute—objective component. See Alvarez Perez v.
Sanford-Orlando Kennel Club, Inc., 515 F.3d 1150, 1164 (11th Cir. 2008); see also
29 U.S.C. § 260. This requirement is known as the good faith defense. 1 Dybach v. State of
Fla. Dep’t of Corr., 942 F.2d 1562, 1566 (11th Cir. 1991).
In the Motion, Plaintiffs concede that “it would be difficult, if not impossible to
recover liquidated damages” based on the likelihood of success for Defendant’s good
faith defense. (Doc. 35, p. 6.) The parties represent that Defendant provided business
records and other evidence to support the viability of this defense. (Id. at 6.) Based on this
representation, the Court will presume that Defendant has sufficient evidence to
the subjective component requires an employer to prove “that it had
an honest intention to ascertain what the Act requires and to act in accordance with it.”
Davila v. Menendez, 717 F.3d 1179, 1185 (11th Cir. 2013) (quoting Dybach, 942 F.2d at 1566)).
demonstrate both components of the good faith defense. But where liquidated damages
are not included in an FLSA settlement agreement, the better practice is for a defendant
to submit evidence that demonstrates its entitlement to a good faith defense.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED AND ADJUDGED as follows:
U.S. Magistrate Judge Thomas B. Smith’s Report and Recommendation
(Doc. 36) is ADOPTED, CONFIRMED, and made a part of this Order.
The parties’ Third Amended Joint Motion to Approve FLSA Settlement
Agreement and to Dismiss With Prejudice (Doc. 35) is GRANTED.
The parties’ Settlement Agreement and Mutual Release (Doc. 35-1) is
This case is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
The Clerk is DIRECTED to close the file.
DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers in Orlando, Florida, on October 10, 2017.
Counsel of Record
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