Graves v. Commissioner of Social Security
OPINION AND ORDER re: Docket Entry 20 Joint Memorandum. The Commissioner's final decision in this case is REVERSED AND REMANDED. The Clerk is DIRECTED to ENTER a judgment in favor of Plaintiff and CLOSE the file. Signed by Magistrate Judge Embry J. Kidd on 1/8/2021. (JLE)
Case 6:19-cv-01976-EJK Document 25 Filed 01/08/21 Page 1 of 5 PageID 898
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
SHAUNA WYTIKA GRAVES,
Case No: 6:19-cv-1976-Orl-EJK
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
Plaintiff brings this action pursuant to Titles II and XVI of the Social Security Act, as
amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g), 423, and 1382, to obtain judicial review of a final decision of the
Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (the “Commissioner”) denying her claim for
Disability Insurance Benefits. (Doc. 1.) The Court has reviewed the record, including the transcript
of the proceedings before the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”), the ALJ’s decision, and the
administrative record. (Docs. 16, 20.) The Court heard oral argument on January 6, 2021. (Doc.
On judicial review, a Court may determine only whether the ALJ correctly applied the legal
standards and if the ALJ’s findings are supported by substantial evidence. Crawford v. Comm’r of
Soc. Sec., 363 F.3d 1155, 1158 (11th Cir. 2004) (citing Lewis v. Callahan, 125 F.3d 1436, 1439
(11th Cir.1997)). A Court may “not reweigh the evidence or substitute [its] own judgment for that
of the agency.” Jackson v. Soc. Sec. Admin., Comm’r, 779 F. App’x 681, 683 (11th Cir. 2019)
(citing Miles v. Chater, 84 F.3d 1397, 1400 (11th Cir. 1996)).
Case 6:19-cv-01976-EJK Document 25 Filed 01/08/21 Page 2 of 5 PageID 899
The Eleventh Circuit defines “substantial evidence” as “more than a scintilla and is such
relevant evidence as a reasonable person would accept as adequate to support a conclusion.”
Raymond v. Soc. Sec. Admin., Comm’r, 778 F. App’x 766 (11th Cir. 2019) (citing Lewis, 125 F.3d
at 1439). A Court determines whether substantial evidence exists by considering evidence that is
both favorable and unfavorable to the Commissioner’s decision. Lynch v. Astrue, 358 F. App’x 83,
86 (11th Cir. 2009). “Even if the evidence preponderates against the [Commissioner’s] findings,
[the Court] must affirm if the [Commissioner’s] decision is supported by substantial evidence.
Gibbs v. Comm’r, Soc. Sec. Admin., 686 F. App’x 799, 800 (11th Cir. 2017) (citing Crawford v.
Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 363 F.3d 1155, 1158–59 (11th Cir. 2004)).
Plaintiff raises a sole issue on appeal: whether the ALJ assigned proper weight to the
Physical Residual Functional Capacity Questionnaire (hereinafter, the “Opinion”) of treating
physician Jackie W. Westfall, D.O. (“Dr. Westfall”). (Doc. 20 at 11–13.) Therein, Dr. Westfall
opined on Plaintiff’s symptoms, ability to handle work related stress, ambulate, sit and stand, and
manipulate items. When prompted to discuss Plaintiff’s symptoms, Dr. Westfall explained that
Plaintiff has “constant fatigue, [shortness of breath] with activity, [and] constant pain in knees and
back.” (Tr. 438.) Dr. Westfall identified Plaintiff’s “lumbar tenderness to palpation” and crepitus
in both knees as “clinical findings and objective signs.” (Id.) Due to these impairments, Dr.
Westfall opined that in an 8-hour workday, Plaintiff can stand or walk for less than 2 hours and sit
for about 2 hours. (Tr. 439.) However, Dr. Westfall did not explain what Plaintiff is capable of
doing for the remaining 4 hours in the workday. (Id.) Dr. Westfall opined that Plaintiff needs a job
that allows her to alternate between sitting, standing, and walking, at will, and would need to take
unscheduled breaks during the day. (Id.) (emphasis added).
Case 6:19-cv-01976-EJK Document 25 Filed 01/08/21 Page 3 of 5 PageID 900
The ALJ ultimately found that Plaintiff had the residual functioning capacity (“RFC”) to
perform sedentary work with the following limitations:
Claimant must be able to alternate positions between sitting and
standing while remaining on task at the workstation; she can climb
ramps and stairs occasionally, but never kneel, crouch, or crawl; she
can occasionally be exposed to unprotected heights, moving
mechanical parts, humidity, and wetness, and extreme cold; she is
limited to performing simple, routine tasks and making simple
work-related decisions, based on the effects of pain.
(Tr. 15.) When discussing the reasoning behind Plaintiff’s RFC, the ALJ explained that the
Opinion was afforded partial weight.
There is no evidence of any complaints of constant fatigue noted in
treatment records. Furthermore, there is no evidence of any
documentation of any complaints of shortness of breath, though the
claimant did complain of racing hear rate with activity, as noted in
April 2017 records. The claimant’s complaints of back and knee
pain are documented in treatment records. However, this has been
treated conservatively with repeated declination for surgery by the
claimant. . . . Dr. Westfall also opined this claimant can only
stand/walk 2 hours total in an 8 hour workday and sit about 2 hours
total in an 8 hour workday. This accounts for only 4 hours of an 8
hour workday, and there is no substantial objective evidence in the
record to warrant the need for lying down the remaining 4 hours in
an 8 hour workday. Therefore, Dr. Westfall’s opinions regarding
sitting, standing, and walking limitations is given little weight. Her
opinion that this claimant requires a sit/stand option is accounted for
in the RFC to account for this claimant’s pain symptoms. . . . Lastly,
Dr. Westfall’s opinions regarding 4 or more absences per month is
given no weight, as the evidence indicates this claimant has pain
symptoms but is still able to complete activities of daily living and
is a highly functioning individual such that sedentary work would
not be precluded.
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ’s findings were not supported by substantial evidence
because: (1) there were multiple instances in the record where Plaintiff complained of fatigue; (2)
Dr. Westfall never opined that Plaintiff had to lie down for 4 hours out of an 8 hour workday; and
(3) the ALJ failed to address why did he not include the sit and stand at will limitation in the RFC.
Case 6:19-cv-01976-EJK Document 25 Filed 01/08/21 Page 4 of 5 PageID 901
(Doc. 20 at 11–13.) The Commissioner did not respond directly to any of the issues Plaintiff raised.
(See Doc. 20.)
“The ALJ must give a treating physician’s opinion substantial or considerable weight
unless good cause is shown to the contrary.’” Schink v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 935 F.3d 1245, 1259
(11th Cir. 2019) (citing Phillips v. Barnhart, 357 F.3d 1232, 1240 (11th Cir. 2004)). “Good cause
exists when (1) the treating physician’s opinion was not bolstered by the evidence, (2) the evidence
supported a contrary finding, or (3) the treating physician’s opinion was conclusory or inconsistent
with his or her own medical records.” Id. (citing Winschel v. Comm’r of Sec. Sec., 631 F.3d 1176,
1179 (11th Cir. 2011)).
While the Court agrees with the ALJ’s remark that the Opinion addresses Plaintiff’s ability
to sit, stand, and walk for only 4 hours in an 8-hour work day (Tr. 18), other aspects of the ALJ’s
findings are problematic. As Plaintiff correctly notes, the record includes multiple reports of
Plaintiff’s fatigue. (See Tr. 458, 463, 480, 781, 794, 799.) Moreover, the RFC fails to indicate
whether alternating between sitting and standing would be at will. At a certain point, “the
conglomeration of . . . errors makes it impossible to determine whether substantial evidence
supports” the ALJ’s reason for discrediting the Opinion. Conlon v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 6:17cv-2012-Orl-DCI, 2019 WL 1003068, at *4 (M.D. Fla. Mar. 1, 2019); see also Smith v. Astrue,
No. 308-CV-406-J-TEM, 2009 WL 3157639, at *6 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 25, 2009) (“[T]he
misstatements taken as a whole and the lack of reference to other medical evidence indicate the
ALJ failed to properly consider all the evidence.”). Here, there are problems with the first and third
reason the ALJ provided for discounting Dr. Westfall’s Opinion, and the ALJ arguably
misconstrued Dr. Westfall’s Opinion as to the second reason. In light of the foregoing, the Court
Case 6:19-cv-01976-EJK Document 25 Filed 01/08/21 Page 5 of 5 PageID 902
finds that the ALJ failed to articulate good cause for discounting the Dr. Westfall’s Opinion, and
thus, the ALJ’s findings as to Plaintiff’s RFC was not supported by substantial evidence.
Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED AND ADJUDED that:
1. The Commissioner’s final decision in this case is REVERSED AND REMANDED
for further proceedings consistent with this Order.
2. The Clerk is DIRECTED to ENTER a judgment in favor of Plaintiff and CLOSE the
DONE and ORDERED in Orlando, Florida on January 8, 2021.
Copies furnished to:
Counsel of Record
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?