Jourdain v. Gonzales et al
ORDER denying 1--petition for writ of habeas corpus filed by Yves Andre Jourdain. Clerk shall ENTER judgment against Jourdain and CLOSE this action. Signed by Judge Steven D. Merryday on 1/26/2006. (BK)
Jourdain v. Gonzales et al
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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA TAMPA DIVISION
YVES ANDRE JOURDAIN, Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, Respondent. / Case No. 8:06-cv-127-T-23TGW
ORDER Jourdain petitions for the writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 and challenges his continued confinement pending deportation. Although a final order of deportation issued on June 11, 2002, and required his deportation to his native Haiti, Jourdain represents that he was not taken into immigration custody until five months ago. He contends that he must be released from custody if his deportation is not effected within six months and, relying on Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001), he contends that the likelihood of deportation in the reasonably foreseeable future is insignificant. Jourdain is correct that Zadvydas controls his situation; however, Zadvydas requires dismissal of this action. After an in-depth review of the pertinent immigration statutes, Zadvydas concludes that "once removal [deportation] is no longer reasonably foreseeable,
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continued detention [of the alien] is no longer authorized by statute." Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 699. Zadvydas explains as follows: [T]he habeas court must ask whether the detention in question exceeds a period reasonably necessary to secure removal. It should measure reasonableness primarily in terms of the statute's basic purpose, namely assuring the alien's presence at the moment of removal. Thus, if removal is not reasonably foreseeable, the court should hold continued detention unreasonable and no longer authorized by statute. In that case, of course, the alien's release may and should be conditioned on any of the various forms of supervised release that are appropriate in the circumstances, and the alien may no doubt be returned to custody upon a violation of those conditions. Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 699 (citations omitted). To ensure "uniform administration in the federal courts," Zadvydas acknowledged the reasonableness of six months and explained: After this 6-month period, once the alien provides good reason to believe that there is no significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future, the Government must respond with evidence sufficient to rebut that showing. And for detention to remain reasonable, as the period of prior post-removal confinement grows, what counts as the "reasonably foreseeable future" conversely would have to shrink. This 6month presumption, of course, does not mean that every alien not removed must be released after six months. To the contrary, an alien may be held in confinement until it has been determined that there is no significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future. Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 701. Jourdain not only has failed to provide "good reason to believe that there is no significant likelihood of removal in the reasonably foreseeable future," Zadvydas, 533 U.S. at 701, his detention has not exceeded six months. Consequently, because Jourdain has not met his burden pursuant to Zadvydas, the petition is insufficient. If circumstances change and Jourdain demonstrates that his release is not foreseeable -2-
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and that his custody exceeds six months, he may file a new petition with a new case number to challenge his continued detention. Accordingly, the petition for writ of habeas corpus is DENIED. The clerk shall enter a judgment against Jourdain and close this action. ORDERED in Tampa, Florida, on January 26, 2006.
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