Securities and Exchange Commission v. Nadel et al
RESPONSE in Opposition re 1065 MOTION to intervene and to Allow First National Bank of Albany/Breckenridge to go Free of the Stay to Enforce its Security Interest in Assets of Quest Energy Management Group, Inc., and Motion for Immediate Accounting and Memorandum of Law in Suppo filed by Burton W. Wiand. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A)(Morello, Gianluca)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
Case No. 8:09-cv-0087-T-26TBM
SCOOP CAPITAL, LLC,
SCOOP MANAGEMENT, INC.
SCOOP REAL ESTATE, L.P.
VALHALLA INVESTMENT PARTNERS, L.P.,
VALHALLA MANAGEMENT, INC.
VICTORY IRA FUND, LTD,
VICTORY FUND, LTD,
VIKING IRA FUND, LLC,
VIKING FUND, LLC, AND
VIKING MANAGEMENT, LLC,
THE RECEIVER’S RESPONSE IN OPPOSITION TO MOTION
TO INTERVENE AND TO ALLOW THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
ALBANY/BRECKENRIDGE TO GO FREE OF THE STAY TO ENFORCE ITS
SECURITY INTEREST IN ASSETS OF QUEST ENERGY MANAGEMENT
GROUP, INC. AND MOTION FOR IMMEDIATE ACCOUNTING
On September 5, 2013, non-party First National Bank of Albany/Breckenridge
(“FNB”) moved to intervene pursuant to Rule 24(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
and for relief from the stay entered in this case (see, e.g., Doc. 984 at 15) to allow it to
enforce purported liens it has against collateral owned by Receivership Entity Quest Energy
Management Group, Inc. (“Quest”) (the “Motion”) (Doc. 1065).1
contends it is a creditor of Quest and that Quest owes it approximately $198,250.14 from two
loans secured by two of Quest’s assets: real estate that houses Quest’s offices and an oil and
gas lease. As such, FNB seeks relief from the stay in this case so that it can enforce its rights
to the collateral in proceedings outside of this Receivership.
The Court previously has denied similar efforts by other similarly-situated creditors
of entities in this receivership (see, e.g., Docs. 45, 88, 169, 207, 224, 231; see also Docs.
1040, 1064). At least one creditor’s intervention was denied because it failed to demonstrate
it qualified for intervention under Rule 24 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure merely
because – like FNB – it held a security interest in Receivership property. See Doc. 45. Like
the creditors in that instance and in other instances (see, e.g., Doc. 88), here FNB has failed
to substantively address all of the factors for intervention enumerated in Rule 24(a), and for
this reason alone the Motion should be denied. See Doc. 45 at 3; Doc. 88 at 2; Doc. 169 at 23. More broadly, it also should be denied because, as discussed in the Securities and
Exchange Commission’s opposition to the Motion (see Doc. 1069), this Court previously
held Section 21(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 precludes intervention in this case
Notably, in addressing this exact issue, the Court explained that it was
addressing it “to serve notice” on creditors “as to the Court’s position so as to prevent any
subsequent motions to intervene which require the SEC, the Receiver, and this Court to
The title of the Motion also says that it is a motion for an immediate accounting, but the body of the
motion never addresses that issue. In any event, the Receiver’s Interim Report On Quest Energy Management
Group, Inc. (the “Quest Interim Report”) (Doc. 1054) details his findings relating to Quest and its
disorganized finances, and as directed by the Court at the September 4, 2013, status conference, the Receiver
will regularly update the Court on matters relating to Quest.
expend valuable time and resources resolving these motions.” Doc. 207 at 3. FNB did not
heed that notice. But even ignoring both FNB’s failure to satisfy its burden and the absolute
bar to intervention, the Motion still should be denied because FNB cannot satisfy Rule 24(a).
The purpose of appointing a receiver in an SEC enforcement action is to effect an
“orderly and efficient administration of the estate.” FTC v. 3R Bancorp, 2005 WL 497784,
*3 (N.D. Ill. Feb. 23, 2005) (citing SEC v. Hardy, 803 F.2d 1034, 1038 (9th Cir. 1986)).
When, as here, a creditor’s only potential “injury” would be a delay in enforcing its right,
intervention and lifting the receivership stay are both unwarranted. See FTC v. Med Resorts
Int’l, 199 F.R.D. 601, 607-609 (N.D. Ill. 2001). Indeed, as the Court previously observed in
denying another creditor’s intervention, “The Court concludes again that allowing
intervention by [a non-party creditor] in these proceedings would encourage other non-party
creditors and investors to seek intervention with the attendant consequences of this Court
and the parties having to engage in unnecessary and premature collateral litigation.” Doc.
169 at 2. The Court also “expresse[d] its utmost confidence in the skills and ability of the
Receiver to protect the financial interests of [the non-party creditor] with regard to the assets
at issue.” Id. at 2-3. FNB’s Motion contains nothing that impacts any of these previous
conclusions and thus it should be denied. Nevertheless, following is a more detailed analysis
of relevant factors under Rule 24(a).
FNB IS NOT ENTITLED TO INTERVENE UNDER RULE 24(a) OF THE
FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE.
As an initial matter, in addressing Rule 24(a)2 FNB’s Motion cites no case involving
either an SEC enforcement action or an equity receivership. This omission is significant
because federal courts presiding over SEC enforcement actions where equity receiverships
have been established typically deny motions to intervene. Concerns of efficiency, resources
of all parties involved, and equity typically preclude a creditor from intervening in those
cases. See, e.g., CFTC v. Chilcott Portfolio Mgmt., Inc., 725 F.2d 584 (10th Cir. 1984); SEC
v. Credit Bancorp Ltd., 194 F.R.D. 457, 468 (S.D.N.Y. 2000).
FNB Has No Right To Intervene Under Rule 24(a)(1)
Rule 24(a)(1) allows intervention of right if the non-party seeking to intervene is
“given an unconditional right to intervene by a federal statute ....” FNB has not and cannot
identify any federal statute that confers on it an unconditional right to intervene in this case.
FNB Has No Right To Intervene Under Rule 24(a)(2)
To intervene under Rule 24(a)(2), FNB must establish each of the following, among
other, elements: (1) it is so situated that disposition of the action as a practical matter may
impair or impede its ability to protect its interest; and (2) the parties to the action will not
adequately represent its interest. (Doc. 45 at 3 (citing Fox v. Tyson Foods, Inc., 519 F.3d
1298, 1302-03 (11th Cir. 2008).) FNB cannot establish either of these requirements, and
allowing intervention will unnecessarily establish a dangerous precedent.
The Motion does not seek intervention under Rule 24(b), which governs permissive intervention (the
Motion only cites Rule 24(a) and claims FNB has “a right to intervene” (see, e.g.. Mot. at 3)). Nevertheless,
FNB could not satisfy Rule 24(b) even if it did seek relief under that provision because it has no conditional
right to intervene under any federal statute and its claim does not “share with the main action a common
question of law or fact.”
FNB Cannot Establish That Disposition Of This Action May
Impair Or Impede Its Ability To Protect Its Interest In
FNB did not and cannot establish how disposition of this action would impair or
impede its ability to protect its claimed interest in Receivership property. Courts – including
this one – have held that receivership proceedings are the appropriate fora for considering
creditors’ interests and allow creditors to protect their interests. See, e.g., Doc. 169 at 3
(finding that the third-party creditor’s due process argument was premature because “the
Court has yet to approve a plan for the distribution of assets” and that the creditor could “rest
assured that any such plan will afford it all the process that is due under the law with regard
to its claimed interest in the assets at issue consistent with the holding of [SEC v. Elliott, 953
F.2d 1560 (11th Cir. 1992)].”); SEC v. Homa, 17 Fed. App’x 441, 446 (7th Cir. 2001)
(holding that the intervenor’s claim “would not be impaired, because a forum is available
under the Receiver's proposed claims procedure ....”).
Aside from eliminating the
burdensome need for each and every creditor to intervene, the receivership process and the
Court’s oversight of the Receiver ensure protection of FNB’s and every other creditor’s
Although no claims process has been established to date to address Quest’s creditors,
Quest has only been in Receivership since May 24, 2013 (Doc. 1024), and the Receiver is
still in the midst of investigating its affairs and analyzing the actual and potential value of its
See generally Quest Interim Report.
Whether or not Quest and its assets are
ultimately kept in this Receivership, during the time they are in Receivership they are being
preserved, and in some instances improved (as discussed in the next Section), and before they
are ever removed from this Receivership, the Receiver will have to seek the Court’s
approval, and in turn the Court will be in position to ensure any creditors’ rights are
addressed in an appropriate manner. In the meantime, any delay in FNB’s ability to enforce
any rights it may have in Receivership property does not entitle it to intervene in this case.
See Med Resorts Int’l, 199 F.R.D. at 607-09.
FNB Cannot Establish The Receiver Will Not Adequately
Represent Its Claimed Interest In Receivership Property
FNB similarly did not and cannot establish how the Receiver will not adequately
represent its interest. FNB’s only relevant assertions are a concern “on whether the operating
permit to operate the oil and gas leases ... may not be renewed thereby jeopardizing the
Bank’s collateral” and a conclusory statement that the Receiver “has not attempted to ...
preserve the assets that are collateral for the notes due the Bank.” Mot. at 3. Both of these
assertions are wrong. As explained in the Quest Interim Report, the renewal of Quest’s
Operator’s License – which is necessary for Quest to conduct oil and gas operations – had
been denied by the Texas Railroad Commission because of Paul and Jeff Downey’s failure to
comply with regulatory requirements before the Receiver’s appointment. Quest Interim Rpt.
at 6, 7-8. The interim report explained the Receiver’s efforts to reverse the denial, that two
of the four underlying violations had been resolved, and that the remaining two violations
were close to being resolved. Id. Since the filing of that report, the remaining two violations
have been resolved, and Quest’s Operator’s License has been renewed. See Sept. 18, 2013,
T. Poe (Texas Railroad Commission representative) email to J. Hicks et al. (explaining that
Quest’s P-5 Operator’s License has been renewed), attached as Exhibit A.
With respect to FNB’s assertion that the Receiver “has not attempted to ... preserve
the assets that are collateral for the notes due the Bank,” FNB provides no specifics
whatsoever and this alone requires denial of the Motion.
The SEC’s and a receiver’s
adequate representation of all parties is presumed and must be rebutted by a proposed
intervenor. See CFTC v. Eustace, 2005 WL 2862945, *2 (E.D. Pa. Oct. 31, 2005) (“[O]nce a
receiver has been appointed, and the parties seeking relief or intervention have the same goal,
i.e., protection of investors, there is a presumption that the receiver will adequately represent
all parties. In that case, the parties seeking relief were unable to rebut the presumption that
the receiver's representation would adequately represent their interests.”); Ruthardt v.
U.S., 303 F.3d 375, 386 (1st Cir. 2002) (“Adequacy is presumed, although rebuttably so,
where a government agency is the representative party.”).
FNB’s conclusory (and
inaccurate) assertion does not rebut this presumption. In any event, the Quest Interim Report
and the Receiver’s discussion at the September 4th status conference establish the opposite:
the Receiver is diligently working to preserve all of Quest’s assets.
In SEC v. Byers, the court was presented with similar circumstances as here and
denied intervention, finding that the attempted intervenors failed to show that the SEC and
federal receiver would not adequately represent their interests:
The Proposed Intervenors have not shown that the Receiver and SEC are not
adequately representing their interests in this case. The position of the
Proposed Intervenors is no different from that of the other creditors and
victims in this case, and, as set forth in my Prior Decision,
[a]s a practical matter, it does not make sense to allow
individual victims and creditors to intervene as parties. There
are allegedly 1,400 victims who invested in approximately
sixty securities offerings that raised more than $250 million.
There are dozens of creditors with divergent claims and
interests. There is a complex web of some 120 Wextrust
entities and affiliates operating throughout the world. In these
circumstances, it would not be efficient or effective to permit
individual creditors to intervene as parties.
2009 WL 212780, *1 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 30, 2009).
FNB has not provided any reason (let alone a cognizable one) for why its interest as a
creditor somehow deserves special treatment allowing it to bypass the receivership process.
Quest has been in Receivership only for approximately four months, and the Receiver is
working to promptly determine how to proceed with Quest and its assets. While doing so,
the Receiver is preserving and maintaining those assets, and in many instances he is
improving them. For example, as discussed above the Receiver was able to reverse the
denial of Quest’s Operator’s License, and he also has been able to increase Quest’s oil
production. See Quest Interim Rpt. at 12-13. FNB has not submitted any contrary evidence.
In short, the Receiver, as discussed below in Section II.1., should be provided with time to
investigate Quest’s assets without interference from creditors, and irrespective of what
ultimately the Receiver recommends to the Court with respect to Quest and its assets, the
assets are currently being maintained and preserved by the Receiver, and the Court will be in
position to ensure that all creditors applicable rights are recognized and addressed.
Intervention Would Unnecessarily Set A Dangerous Precedent
FNB, like other creditors, claims it holds notes and an interest in certain Receivership
assets collateralizing the notes, but it has provided no cognizable reason to single it out for
special treatment from the large group of creditors left in the wake of Nadel’s scheme.
Allowing FNB to intervene in this action would set a dangerous precedent, especially
because it has not demonstrated any basis for intervening and disrupting this receivership’s
ongoing efforts. FNB’s intevention, like other creditors’ intervention efforts before it, would
undermine the efficient administration of this receivership and divert resources and the
Receiver’s efforts from activities intended to benefit the entire Receivership estate. FNB’s
interests, like those of all other creditors, are being adequately protected by the Receiver (and
FNB’S REQUEST TO LIFT THE STAY SHOULD BE DENIED
Even assuming arguendo FNB was not barred from intervening by the federal
securities laws and had satisfied its burden of establishing entitlement to intervene, its request
to lift the stay so that it can enforce its claimed rights directly against certain Quest assets
should be denied for the same reasons for denying intervention in the first place. It also
should be denied because (1) the Receiver’s interest in protecting the Receivership estate for
the benefit of all creditors far outweighs FNB’s individual interests and (2) the Receiver is
entitled to marshal and investigate Quest’s assets without interference from claimed
creditors. See SEC v. Wencke, 742 F.2d 1230, 1232 (9th Cir. 1984); United States v. Acorn
Tech. Fund, L.P., 429 F.3d 438, 443 (3d Cir. 2005) (“A receiver must be given a chance to
do the important job of marshaling and untangling a company’s assets without being forced
into court by every investor or claimant.”) (citing SEC v. Universal Fin., 760 F.2d 1034,
1038 (9th Cir. 1985)); 3R Bancorp, 2005 WL 497784 at *2 (“[R]elief from a receivership
stay should only be granted if the moving party’s interests outweigh the interests of the
receiver.” (citing Wencke)); U.S. v. Petters, 2008 WL 5234527, *4 (D. Minn. Dec. 12, 2008)
(“[F]irst, the receiver must be given full opportunity to marshal the assets of the receivership
estate and then preserve them.”).
In Petters, the court identified several factors which favored a denial of motions to lift
the stay: (1) denial would preserve the status quo; (2) the receiver had “dutifully identified,
managed, and preserved the assets for the best interests of all (creditors, claimants, and
victims alike);” and (3) the court was not persuaded that the intervenors would suffer
substantial injury if the stay was not lifted. Id. (emphasis added). Here, FNB’s request to lift
the stay fails for these same reasons.
Preserving The Status Quo And Preserving Assets For The Best Interest
“[T]he receiver’s need to organize and understand the entities under his control may
weigh more heavily than the merits of a movant’s claim.” Petters, 2008 WL 5234527 at *3*4 (citations omitted); see Univ. Fin., 760 F.2d at 1038 (refusing to lift receivership stay
when it would disturb the status quo and when lifting the stay “would result in a multiplicity
of actions in different forums, and would increase litigation costs for all parties while
diminishing the size of the receivership estate”); SEC v. Byers, 592 F. Supp. 2d 532, 537
(S.D. N.Y. 2008) (denying motion to lift stay: “The Receiver is charged with protecting the
investors as a whole, and thus the best way to maintain the status quo is to permit him to
carry on with his investigation.”); Med Resorts, 199 F.R.D. at 607 (“The stay maintains the
status quo. It has done precisely that for the last seven months. Rather than decrease the
value of [the third parties’] interests, the stay ensures that the value of those interests wil be
maintained.”). FNB has offered no evidence (or even argument) that preserving the property
as part of the Receivership estate will not maintain the status quo.
No Substantial Injury
FNB also has not demonstrated that it would suffer any substantial, cognizable injury
if the stay continues. FNB’s only arguable, potential injury is that it – like every other
creditor, including many suffering financial hardship – must wait until it can enforce any
right it has. When a creditor’s only potential “injury” would be a delay in enforcing its right,
intervention and lifting the receivership stay are both unwarranted. See Med Resorts Int’l,
199 F.R.D. at 609.
FNB’s Motion already disrupted the Receiver’s efforts and required expenditure of
limited resources. Allowing FNB to proceed with an action to enforce its claimed rights to
Receivership property would require the Receiver to spend more time and effort defending
litigation, which would further disrupt the Receiver’s on-going investigation and marshaling
of Quest’s assets. It would also set a dangerous precedent that inevitably would spur many
other creditors to follow. The Receiver, who is “charged with protecting” the hundreds of
investors who Nadel defrauded and other creditors, should be permitted to continue his
investigation into Quest and marshaling of Quest assets and to maintain the status quo for all
As noted above, although the Receiver understands the hardship caused by
Nadel’s scheme, many creditors are suffering that hardship, and FNB has not identified any
basis for allowing its intervention and the substantive relief that it seeks.
For all of the above reasons, the Receiver respectfully requests the Court deny the
Motion to Intervene and to Allow the First National Bank of Albany/Breckenridge to Go
Free of the Stay to Enforce its Security Interest in Assets of Quest Energy Management,
Group, Inc., and Motion for Immediate Accounting (Doc. 1065).
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I HEREBY CERTIFY that on September 23, 2013, I electronically filed the
foregoing with the Clerk of the Court by using the CM/ECF system.
Gianluca Morello, FBN 034997
Michael S. Lamont, FBN 0527122
Jared J. Perez, FBN 0085192
WIAND GUERRA KING P.L.
5505 West Gray Street
Tampa, FL 33609
Tel.: (813) 347-5100
Fax: (813) 347-5198
Attorneys for the Receiver, Burton W. Wiand
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?