Krocka v. USA
ORDER denying 24 motion for recusal. ; denying 25 Motion to Disqualify. Signed by Judge Susan C Bucklew on 9/19/2016. (JD)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Case No. 8:06-cr-127-T-24 TGW
VINCENT J. KROCKA
This cause comes before the Court on two motions: (1) Defendant Krocka’s Motion for
Judicial Recusal (Doc. CR-195; Doc. CV-24) and (2) Defendant Krocka’s Motion for
Disqualification of Assistant U.S. Attorney (Doc. CR-196; Doc. CV-25). As explained below,
both motions are denied.
Defendant Krocka was convicted in the criminal case of four counts of Mail Threats, four
counts of Extortionate Mail Threats, and four counts of Witness Tampering. (Doc. CR-187). He
is sentenced to 121 months of imprisonment. (Doc. CR-187). He sought § 2255 relief, which
was denied on May 7, 2015. (Doc. CR-193). Almost a year and a half later, with nothing
pending in the criminal or related § 2255 civil cases, Krocka filed the instant motions for
judicial recusal and disqualification.
II. Motion for Judicial Recusal
Krocka moves for the undersigned to recuse herself from all matters that may arise in his
criminal and related § 2555 civil cases. The basis for this motion is that on August 10, 2016,
Krocka filed a civil rights lawsuit that named the undersigned as a defendant.1 Additionally,
Case No. 8:16-cv-2295-T-30 AEP
Krocka also points out that within the next thirty days, he intends to file a judicial complaint
against the undersigned with the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals. Thus, according to Krocka,
the undersigned has a conflict of interest due to his civil rights case, and the forthcoming judicial
complaint will show that the undersigned is incapable of rendering justice. The Court rejects
To begin with, on August 24, 2016, Krocka’s civil rights case was dismissed by Judge
Covington on the grounds that the statute of limitations has expired. As such, Krocka has
nothing currently pending against the undersigned. The fact that Krocka had filed suit against
the undersigned and intends to file a judicial complaint are not sufficient bases to mandate the
undersigned’s recusal. See In re Bush, 232 Fed. App’x 852, 854 (11th Cir. 2007); U.S. v.
Grismore, 564 F.2d 929, 933 (10th Cir. 1977); Azubuko v. Royal, 443 F.3d 302, 304 (3d Cir.
2006); U.S. v. Studley, 783 F.2d 934, 939–40 (9th Cir. 1985). As explained by one court:
Recusal is required in certain circumstances, including when the
judge has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party. In
addition, [a]ny justice, judge, or magistrate judge of the United States
shall disqualify himself in any proceeding in which his impartiality
might reasonably be questioned. The standard for recusal under
§ 455(a) is whether an objective, disinterested, lay observer fully
informed of the facts underlying the grounds on which recusal was
sought would entertain a significant doubt about the judge's
impartiality. A judge's rulings in a related case are not a sufficient
basis for recusal, except where pervasive bias is shown. A judge is
not disqualified merely because a litigant sues or threatens to sue
Bush, 232 Fed. App’x at 854 (quotation marks, alterations, and citations omitted); see also
Cuyler v. Aurora Loan Services, LLC, 2012 WL 10488184, at *1 n.2 (11th Cir. Dec. 3, 2012).
The filing of a lawsuit against a judge, on its own, cannot be used to manipulate the courts by
allowing a litigant to judge-shop. Accordingly, the Court denies Krocka’s motion for judicial
III. Motion for Disqualification
Next, Krocka moves to disqualify the Assistant U.S. Attorney from any further
involvement in his criminal and related § 2255 civil cases, because she also is a named defendant
in his civil rights case. There is no objective basis for her disqualification, and for the same
reasons this Court has denied the motion for recusal, the Court denies Krocka’s motion for
Accordingly, it is ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that:
Defendant Krocka’s Motion for Judicial Recusal (Doc. CR-195; Doc. CV-24) is
Defendant Krocka’s Motion for Disqualification of Assistant U.S. Attorney (Doc.
CR-196; Doc. CV-25) is DENIED.
DONE AND ORDERED at Tampa, Florida, this 19th day of September, 2016.
Counsel of Record
Pro Se Defendant Krocka
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