Harris v. Folsom
ORDER denying 4 --motion to reopen case; denying 5 --motion for hearing; denying 5 --motion to alter judgment; denying 5 --motion to transfer case; denying 6 --motion for clarification; denying 7 --motion for writ of mandamus. Signed by Judge Steven D. Merryday on 2/12/2018. (BK)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
MARCUS B. HARRIS,
a/k/a Marzuq Al-Hakim,
CASE NO. 8:17-cv-2423-T-23AEP
WARDEN JENNIFER FOLSOM,
Harris’s civil rights action was dismissed under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) because
he has three or more earlier actions that were dismissed as “frivolous, malicious, or
[for] fail[ing] to state a claim upon which relief may be granted . . . .” Also, the
earlier order (Doc. 3) discussed both the lack of merit and the absence of his
“imminent danger of serious physical injury” as an exception to Section 1915(g).*
Harris moves (1) to re-open the case; (2) for a rehearing or to alter or amend the
judgment under Rule 59(e), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; and (3) for a copy of
cases. (Docs. 4–6) Lastly, addressing the circuit court, Harris petitions for the writ
of mandamus. (Doc. 7)
Harris averred that on October 2, 2017, a maintenance crew used a gas saw outside his
housing area and caused “carbon monoxide smoke” to enter his cell.
Rule 59(e), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, authorizes a motion to alter or
amend a judgment after the judgment’s entry. “The only grounds for granting [a
Rule 59] motion are newly-discovered evidence or manifest errors of law or fact.”
Arthur v. King, 500 F.3d 1335, 1343 (11th Cir. 2007) (quoting In re Kellogg, 197 F.3d
1116, 1119 (11th Cir. 1999)). The decision to alter or amend a judgment under
Rule 59(e) “is committed to the sound discretion of the district judge.” Am. Home
Assur. Co. v. Glenn Estess & Assocs., 763 F.2d 1237, 1238-39 (11th Cir. 1985). A party
seeking reconsideration must “set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to
induce the court to reverse its prior decision.” Cover v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.,
148 F.R.D. 294, 294 (M.D. Fla. 1993).
The decision to alter or amend a judgment is an “extraordinary remedy.”
Sussman v. Salem, Saxon & Nielsen, P.A., 153 F.R.D. 689, 694 (M.D. Fla. 1994).
“[A] Rule 59(e) motion [cannot be used] to relitigate old matters, raise argument or
present evidence that could have been raised prior to the entry of judgment.” Arthur
v. King, 500 F.3d at 1343 (quoting Michael Linet, Inc. v. Village of Wellington, Fla.,
408 F.3d 757, 763 (11th Cir. 2005) (brackets original)). Harris’s Rule 59(e) motion
reiterates the allegations in his motion for a preliminary injunction. Harris neither
asserts an intervening change in controlling law nor demonstrates a manifest error
of law or fact resulting from the dismissal of his motion. See Arthur v. King, 500 F.3d
Harris presents no basis warranting reconsideration of the earlier order.
Although he is correct that “carbon monoxide smoke can take human life if exposed
for a period of time,” Harris fails to show that his exposure to carbon monoxide was
sufficiently protracted and the carbon monoxide so concentrated and his options for
respiration so limited that he was exposed to a serious likelihood of serious injury.
The motions (1) to re-open the case, (2) for a rehearing or to alter or amend the
judgment under Rule 59(e), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and (3) for a copy of
cases (Docs. 4–6) lack merit.
Lastly, addressing the circuit court, Harris petitions (Doc. 7) for the writ of
mandamus and expresses his dissatisfaction with the way the underlying motion for
injunctive relief was established as a new action. Harris’s earlier civil rights action
(8:17-cv-2301-T-17AAS), which alleged the unconstitutional infringement on his
religious freedoms, was dismissed without prejudice under the “three strikes”
provision of Section 1915(g). The present action commenced with Harris moving in
the earlier closed case for a preliminary injunction. The district judge in the closed
case ordered the opening of a new case for the motion. The petition for the writ of
mandamus is based on Harris’s disagreement with assigning a new case number and
randomly assigning a district judge for the underlying motion for a preliminary
injunction. Harris filed the same petition for the writ of mandamus in the earlier
closed case (Doc. 17 in 17-cv-2301), which request was denied. Although addressed
to the circuit court, to the extent that the district court might have jurisdiction, the
petition for the writ of mandamus is DENIED. (Doc. 7) Also, Harris’s motions
(Docs. 4–6) are DENIED.
ORDERED in Tampa, Florida, on February 12, 2018.
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