Fruhmorgen v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER: The Plaintiff's amended motion for attorney's fees (Doc. 28) is granted, and the Plaintiff shall be awarded fees in the amount of $20,000 pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). See Order for details.This action shall be closed and shall remain closed. Signed by Magistrate Judge Christopher P. Tuite on 1/18/2023. (ACL)
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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
Case No. 8:20-cv-1252-CPT
Acting Commissioner of Social Security
Before the Court is the Plaintiff’s amended motion for attorney’s fees pursuant
to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). (Doc. 28). For the reasons discussed below, the Plaintiff’s
amended motion is granted.
The Plaintiff initiated this action in June 2020, seeking judicial review of the
Commissioner’s decision denying his application for Disability Insurance Benefits.
In September 2021, the Court entered an Order reversing the
Commissioner’s determination and remanding the case for further proceedings before
Kilolo Kijakazi became the Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration on July 9,
2021, replacing the former Commissioner, Andrew M. Saul. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 25(d), Ms. Kijakazi is substituted for Mr. Saul as the Defendant in this suit.
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the Social Security Administration (SSA). (Doc. 21). The Clerk of Court entered
Judgment for the Plaintiff the same day. (Doc. 22). Roughly two months later, the
Plaintiff sought and obtained $2,023.12 in attorney’s fees pursuant to the Equal Access
to Justice Act (EAJA). (Docs. 23, 24).
As a result of the subsequent proceedings on remand, the Plaintiff was granted
past-due benefits. (Doc. 25-3). According to the letter authorizing this relief, the SSA
withheld $30,887.03 of this past-due amount for a possible future award of attorney’s
fees. Id. at 3. This figure equates to twenty-five percent of the Plaintiff’s past-due
benefits, which is the statutory limit for such fee awards. See 42 U.S.C. § 406(b).
In September 2022, the Plaintiff filed a motion pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b),
seeking fees totaling $30,887.03 for the services his lawyer rendered in this action.
(Doc. 25). After the government submitted a response in opposition to the Plaintiff’s
fee request (Doc. 26), the Court directed the parties to confer on the matter to see if
they could agree on a proposed fee figure based upon recent authority in this District
addressing fee motions similar to the one brought by the Plaintiff (Doc. 27) (collecting
The instant motion, filed by the Plaintiff last week, followed. 2 (Doc. 28). By
way of that submission, the Plaintiff now asks that the Court approve a section 406(b)
fee award in the amount of $20,000 instead of the larger sum previously sought. (Docs.
Although the Court denied the Plaintiff’s original motion as moot (Doc. 30), the Court relies on the
Plaintiff’s representations in that filing as requested by the Plaintiff in his instant motion (Doc. 28).
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25, 28). This $20,000 figure does not conflict with the Plaintiff’s fee agreement, as that
contract provides for a contingency fee of up to twenty-five percent of his past-due
benefits. Id. According to the Plaintiff, his counsel is aware of his obligation to reduce
the $20,000 sum by the amount of the previous EAJA award of $2,023.12 in the event
the Court grants his motion. (Doc. 25 at 3). The Commissioner has advised that she
consents to the Plaintiff’s revised fee request. (Doc. 29).
Section 406(b) of Title 42, United States Code, governs the authorization of
attorney’s fees in Social Security actions where, as here, a district court remands the
matter to the Commissioner for further proceedings, and the Commissioner
subsequently grants the claimant past-due benefits. Bergen v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 454
F.3d 1273, 1276–78 (11th Cir. 2006) (per curiam). 3 Under such circumstances, the
claimant may return to the district court—as the Plaintiff has done here—and ask for
fees not exceeding twenty-five percent of the past-due benefits awarded. 42 U.S.C.
§ 406(b)(1)(A); Culbertson v. Berryhill, 586 U.S. ___, 139 S. Ct. 517, 522 (2019).
The fee amount sought, however, must be reasonable. See Gisbrecht v. Barnhart,
535 U.S. 789, 808 (2002); Jackson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 601 F.3d 1268, 1271 (11th Cir.
The District’s Standing Order in effect at the time of the Plaintiff’s original motion provided that an
attorney seeking fees pursuant to section 406(b) must move for such fees within sixty days of the date
on the SSA’s letter setting forth the amount of the past-due benefits. See In re: Administrative Orders of
the Chief Judge, No. 3:21-mc-1-TJC (Doc. 43) (Dec. 7, 2021). The Plaintiff’s lawyer represents that he
received the SSA’s letter in mid-August, such that his original motion was timely filed in midSeptember. (Doc. 25 at 3). The Commissioner agrees. (Doc. 26 at 2).
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2010). To ensure this is the case, section 406(b) mandates that courts conduct an
independent review of counsels’ fee arrangements with their clients. Gisbrecht, 535
U.S. at 807. As part of its oversight role, courts may direct that an attorney supply “a
record of the hours spent representing the claimant and a statement of the lawyer’s
normal hourly billing charge for noncontingent-fee cases.” Id. at 808. Courts may
also require that the approved fee amount be offset by any previous fee award or by
any fees due counsel under a contingency fee arrangement. Id.; Jackson, 601 F.3d at
In addition, an attorney who is successful in claiming fees under both the EAJA
and section 406 must refund “to the claimant the amount of the smaller fee.” Gisbrecht,
535 U.S. at 796 (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). A lawyer may do so
either by deducting an earlier EAJA award from a later section 406(b) award or by
refunding the smaller EAJA fee and accepting the section 406(b) payment in full.
Jackson, 601 F.3d at 1274.
In this action, the Plaintiff’s requested fee amount of $20,000 is based upon 9.75
hours expended by his counsel on this appeal during 2020 and 2021. (Doc. 25-1). This
monetary sum encompasses all the work the Plaintiff’s lawyer performed before the
Court and is consistent with the Plaintiff’s contingency fee agreement, as the soughtafter fee award equates to less than twenty-five percent of the total past-due benefits
granted the Plaintiff. (Docs. 25-1, 25-3). In light of these facts, as well as the nature
of the legal services rendered, the positive results achieved, and the Commissioner’s
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non-opposition to the Plaintiff’s amended motion, the Court finds that the proposed
fee figure is reasonable.
Based upon the foregoing, it is hereby ORDERED:
The Plaintiff’s amended motion for attorney’s fees (Doc. 28) is granted,
and the Plaintiff shall be awarded fees in the amount of $20,000 pursuant to 42 U.S.C.
§ 406(b). This sum shall be paid to the Plaintiff’s lawyer from the past-due benefits
currently being withheld by the Commissioner.
Upon receipt of these funds, Plaintiff’s counsel shall promptly refund to
the Plaintiff the previously authorized EAJA fee award of $2,023.12.
This action shall be closed and shall remain closed.
SO ORDERED in Tampa, Florida, this 18th day of January 2023.
Counsel of record
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