In Re: Da'Thirteenahava Bey
ORDER dismissing case. The Clerk is directed to close this case. Signed by Judge Kathryn Kimball Mizelle on 3/31/2021. (DMP)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
Case No. 8:21-cv-243-T-KKM-CPT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
In an order dated February 1, 2021, the Court directed the plaintiff to file a
complaint that complies with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and warned that
failure to comply would result in dismissal. (Doc. 2). The plaintiff never did so, likely in
part because he provided no mailing address when he incorrectly filing this action as a
“miscellaneous” case. (See id.). A review of the current pleading titled “Affidavit
Religious Declaration of Acknowledgment” demonstrates that the plaintiff brings this
action purportedly as a “sovereign citizen.”
Claims of relief based on “sovereign citizen” theories are patently frivolous. See
Townsend v. Georgia, CV418-303, 2019 WL 1009421, at *2 (S.D. Ga. Feb. 11, 2019) (Ray,
Mag. J.) (collecting cases), adopted in 2019 WL 1005199; United States v. Sterling, 738 F.3d
228, 233 n.1 (11th Cir. 2013) (noting courts summarily reject theories from “sovereign
citizens” as frivolous); United States v. Benabe, 654 F.3d 753, 766 (7th Cir. 2011) (stating
that “[sovereign citizens’] theories should be rejected summarily, however they are
presented”); Stafford v. United States, 208 F.3d 1177, 1178 (10th Cir. 2000) (noting federal
courts regularly reject tax protests by “sovereign citizens” as frivolous); Cooper v.
Williams, No. 16-3963, 2016 WL 4943363, at *1, n.1 (E.D. Pa. Sept. 16, 2016)
(characterizing “the plaintiff’s notions of his sovereign citizenship” as frivolous); see also
West v. Bornudna, 698 F. App’x 224 (5th Cir. 2017) (dismissing appeal by “sovereign
citizen” because it was frivolous); Schlager v. Beard, 398 F. App’x 699 (3d Cir. 2010)
Because the plaintiff failed to file a pleading that complies with the Federal Rules
of Civil Procedure and because his pleading contains unintelligible theories and claims,
this action is DISMISSED. The Clerk is directed to close the case.
ORDERED in Tampa, Florida, on March 31, 2021.
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