WILLIAMS v. BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD OF FLORIDA INC
ORDER - Plaintiff's 106 Motion to reopen discovery, 107 Motion to Compel, and 108 Motion for Leave to File additional evidence are DENIED. - - - Signed by District Judge M CASEY RODGERS on August 26, 2010. (cbj)
WILLIAMS v. BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD OF FLORIDA INC
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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA PENSACOLA DIVISION
JOHN S. WILLIAMS, PAUL F. REEVES, ERIK S. GRAVES, and TAMMY D. DAY, on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs, v. BLUE CROSS AND BLUE SHIELD OF FLORIDA, INC., Defendant. ________________________________/ ORDER This action is brought under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, 29 U.S.C. § 1001, et seq. ("ERISA"), for breach of fiduciary duty and declaratory and injunctive relief (doc. 13). The plaintiffs are seeking to certify a class of cancer patients as to whom payment for diagnostic CT scans was denied. During a telephone conference with the court on July 26, 2010, plaintiff's counsel indicated that he had discovered new evidence and intended to file a motion for leave to file the newly discovered evidence in support of the plaintiffs' reply to the defendant's response to plaintiffs' motion for class certification. The court directed plaintiffs' counsel to file the motion on or before Monday, August 2, 2010, but advised that the plaintiffs would have to demonstrate good cause to extend the discovery deadline in order to submit additional evidence. On August 2, 2010, the plaintiffs filed four motions, including a motion to reopen discovery for the purpose of compelling previously requested documents (doc. 106), a motion to compel discovery (doc. 107), and a motion for leave to file additional evidence (doc. 108). Through their first motion, the plaintiffs seek to reopen discovery for the purpose of obtaining information they think exists based on evidence produced in a Case No.: 3:09cv225/MCR/MD
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separate, but similar, action.1 In their second motion, plaintiffs seek an order compelling the defendant to more fully respond to one of their requests for production of documents and provide information they claim the defendant withheld.2 In their third motion, plaintiffs seek to file evidence they hope to obtain through the first two motions "as it becomes available." To be granted, all three motions must be supported by good cause; plaintiffs' counsel must show good cause for his failure to timely obtain and submit the evidence. For the reasons set forth below, the court finds that the plaintiffs have failed to show good cause and denies all three motions. The court entered a scheduling order (doc. 3) on June 1, 2009, establishing a discovery deadline of October 28, 2009. The court subsequently bifurcated the discovery schedule between certification issues and those related to the merits of the action and gave the parties until February 26, 2010, to complete all pre-certification discovery (doc. 49).3 Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4), the court's scheduling order "may be modified only for good cause and with the judge's consent." Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(4)(b).4 Good cause
P la in tif f s ' counsel filed a sim ila r class action com p la in t against Aetna Life Insurance Com p a n y ( " A e tn a " ) . According to plaintiffs' counsel, during discovery, Aetna produced 15 spreadsheets containing h u n d r e d s of thousands of claim s adm in is te r e d by Aetna or a related com p a n y for PET/CT fusions billed within 3 0 days of a diagnostic CT, a billing practice that is at issue in this case. On review of the spreadsheets p r o d u c e d by Aetna, plaintiffs' counsels concluded that one of the defendant's auditors provided m is le a d in g te s tim o n y in her February 23, 2010, deposition regarding the defendant's knowledge of providers engaging in sim ila r billing practices and apparently believe that the defendant possesses inform a tio n sim ila r to that p r o d u c e d by Aetna in the other case. O n Novem b e r 25, 2009, the plaintiffs served the defendant with requests for production of d o c u m e n ts seeking, am o n g other things, a record or spreadsheet of each and every denial during a six-year p e r io d of claim s "for com p u te d tom o g r a p h y, office consultation, and Fluorodeoxyglucose F-18 (CPT code A 9 5 5 2 ) that were subm itte d concom ita n tly with fusion PET/CT(CPT codes 78815 and 78816)." The plaintiffs a ls o served the defendant with interrogatories asking for a "rough estim a te of the num b e r of denials . . . c o n te m p la te d by" the request set forth above. After the defendant refused to provide the inform a tio n , the p la in tif f s filed a m o tio n to com p e l, which the court granted. The parties then resolved the discovery dispute, w ith the defendant agreeing to produce certain docum e n ts and/or inform a tio n by a certain date. Although the p la in tif f s subsequently withdrew their m o tio n to com p e l, they now seem to be suggesting, m o r e than five m o n th s after the discovery deadline, that the defendant did not produce all of the agreed upon docum e n ts .
The court stayed all m e r it discovery until the certification issue was decided. Rule 6.1 of this court's Local Rules also requires good cause for an extension of the discovery
d e a d lin e . Case No: 3:09cv225/MCR/MD
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requires a showing that the schedule cannot `be met despite the diligence of the party seeking the extension.'" Sosa v. Airprint Sys., Inc., 133 F.3d 1417, 1418 (11th Cir. 1998) (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 16 Advisory Committee's Note). Mere "`carelessness is not compatible with a finding of diligence and offers no reason for a grant of relief.'" Will-burn Recording & Pub. Co. v. Universal Music Group Records, No. 08-0387, 2009 WL 1118944, at *2 (S.D. Ala. 2009) (slip op.) (quoting Johnson v. Mammoth Recreations, Inc., 975 F.2d 604, 609 (9th Cir. 1992)). In other words, the moving party cannot establish the diligence necessary to show good cause if it had full knowledge of the information before the scheduling deadline passed or if the party failed to seek the needed information before the deadline. See S. Grouts & Mortars, Inc. v. 3M Co., 575 F.3d 1235, 1241-42 n.3 (11th Cir. 2009). "A finding of lack of diligence on the part of the party seeking modification ends the good cause inquiry." Lord v. Fairway Elec. Corp., 223 F. Supp. 2d 1270, 1277 (M.D. Fla. 2002); see also Beauregard v. Continental Tire North America, Inc., 2009 WL 464998, at *2 (M.D. Fla. Feb. 24, 2009) (slip op.) (quoting Sosa and the Advisory Committee's Notes for the proposition that "[a] finding of good cause is reserved for situations in which the schedule cannot be met despite the diligence of the party seeking the extension") (internal marks omitted). As the court noted in Moyer v. Disney World Co., 146 F. Supp. 2d 1249, 1252 (M.D. Fla. 2000), "[a] Scheduling Order `is not a frivolous piece of paper, idly entered, which can be cavalierly disregarded by counsel without peril.'" Id. (quoting Payne v. Rider Sys., Inc. Long Term Disability Plan, 173 F.R.D. 537, 540 (M.D. Fla. 1997)). "The object of Rule 16(b) is to `assure that at some point . . . the pleadings will be fixed.'" Vazquez v. LCM Inv. Group, Inc., 2006 WL 4835922, at *2 (M.D. Fla. Aug. 24, 2006) (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 16 Advisory Committee's Note). "Recognizing the perils of disorderly litigation, `[t]he Eleventh Circuit has consistently held that motions filed after a deadline imposed by a court should be denied as untimely.'" Moyer, 146 F. Supp. 2d at 1252 (quoting Payne, 173 F.R.D. at 540). The court considers three factors when deciding whether a party has been diligent in following a scheduling order, including (1) whether the party neglected to determine facts before filing pleadings or within discovery; (2) whether the subject matter of the motion for
C a s e No: 3:09cv225/MCR/MD
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extension was readily available to the party, and (3) whether the party delayed filing the motion. See Lord, 223 F. Supp. 2d at 1277.5 Consideration of each of these factors leads the court to easily conclude that plaintiffs' counsel did not act diligently with respect to the evidence he now seeks to obtain on plaintiffs' behalf. The basis for all three motions relates to evidence plaintiffs' counsel received in a separate case. Plaintiffs' counsel has been in possession of that evidence since November 12, 2009. As such, he plainly could have sought the documents he now seeks well before the discovery deadline. Rather than do so, he withdrew his pending motion to compel and then waited almost five months to seek leave of court to re-open discovery and file another motion to compel without offering any explanation for the delay, much less good cause. The court concludes that the plaintiffs did not act with due diligence. Absent a showing of due diligence, there is no good cause to extend any deadlines in the scheduling order or to re-open discovery. Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED that the plaintiffs' motion to reopen discovery (doc. 106), motion to compel (doc. 107), and motion for leave to file additional evidence (doc. 108) are DENIED. DONE AND ORDERED this 26th day of August, 2010.
M. Casey Rodgers
M. CASEY RODGERS UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Although the issue in Lord was an extension of the deadline to file an am e n d e d com p la in t, the sam e a n a lys is applies to the plaintiffs' m o tio n s because the discovery deadline set forth in the scheduling order w o u ld have to be m o d if ie d for discovery to be re-opened. C a s e No: 3:09cv225/MCR/MD
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