CASTLE KEY INSURANCE COMPANY v. ONE WORLD TECHNOLOGIES INC
Order Approving Stipulated PROTECTIVE ORDER 12 as Modified herein. Signed by CHIEF JUDGE M CASEY RODGERS on July 3, 2014. (aow)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
CASTLE KEY INSURANCE COMPANY
AS SUBROGEE OF JOAN WILKINSON,
CASE NO. 3:14cv230/MCR/CJK
ONE WORLD TECHNOLOGIES INC.,
Pending before the Court is the parties’ stipulated protective order (doc. 12). Having
fully reviewed the matter, the Court will approve the stipulation as modified herein.
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a court may, for
good cause, issue a protective order to protect the parties “from annoyance,
embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense,” including “requiring a trade
secret or other confidential research, development, or commercial information not be
revealed or be revealed only in a specified way” and “requiring that the parties
simultaneously file specified documents or information in sealed envelopes” with the court.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1)(G), (H). Other privacy protections for personal information
specified in Rule 5.2, or additional information specified by the court for good cause, must
be made through redactions or the court may order that a filing be made under seal without
redaction. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 5.2(d),(e). Because the public retains a right of access to
documents filed in a court proceeding, the Court will order that a particular document be
filed under seal only if authorized by statute or upon a showing of good cause, after
balancing the public’s right of access against the parties’ confidentiality interests.1 See
generally Romero v. Drummond, 480 F.3d 1234, 1245 (11th Cir. 2007) (citing Chicago
The Eleventh Circuit has indicated that discovery m aterial filed for the purpose of obtaining a ruling
on a discovery dispute is not subject to either a constitutional or com m on law right of access. See Romero
v. Drum m ond Co., Inc., 480 F.3d 1234, 1245 (11th Cir. 2007) (citing Chicago Tribune Co. v.
Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc., 263 F.3d 1304, 1311-12 (11th Cir. 2001)).
Tribune Co. v. Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc., 263 F.3d 1304 (11th Cir. 2001)). This balancing
cannot be done in a blanket protective order because the Court must “consider, among
other factors, whether allowing access [to a particular document] would impair court
functions or harm legitimate privacy interests, the degree of and likelihood of injury if made
public, the reliability of the information, whether there will be an opportunity to respond to
the information, whether the information concerns public officials or public concerns, and
the availability of a less onerous alternative to sealing the documents.” Id. at 1246. A
confidentiality agreement between the parties, however, is distinct from the issue of
whether a particular document may be filed under seal. The parties’ agreement to
maintain a document as confidential among themselves is “immaterial” to the public’s right
of access. Brown v. Advantage Eng’g, Inc., 960 F.2d 1013, 1016 (11th Cir. 1992).
However, once the parties bring a matter before the Court for resolution, it no longer
belongs solely to the parties. See id. At that point, “it is the rights of the public, an absent
third party, that are at stake” when material is sealed.2 Id.
In consideration of the foregoing, the Court will adopt the parties’ stipulated
protective order with the following express modifications: (1) By entering the order, the
Court does not make any findings regarding the confidentiality of any particular document
for purposes of filing it under seal or any “good cause” determination under Rule 26, and
(2) no party may file a document under seal except with leave of Court, after first filing an
appropriate motion and submitting the document or material to the Court for in camera
Accordingly, the parties’ Stipulation and Protective Order (doc. 12), as modified
herein, is approved and adopted as the Order of the Court.
DONE AND ORDERED on this 3d day of July, 2014.
M. Casey Rodgers
M. CASEY RODGERS
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
In Brown, the Eleventh Circuit applied a “com pelling” interest test and required “extraordinary
circum stances” to be shown, as opposed to good cause, because in that case, the court was considering
whether to seal the entire case. 960 F.2d at 1015-16. The Eleventh Circuit has clarified that this heightened
scrutiny is appropriate only in the narrow circum stances where sealing the entire record is at issue. See
Chicago Tribune, 263 F.3d at1312.
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