MINTON v. JENKINS
ORDER -- Granting Dfts JENKINS, PARKER, ARUNAKUL's 81 Motion to Stay Discovery. All discovery is stayed until resolution of Dfts 79 Motion to Dismiss. -- Pla's 84 Motion for Appointment of Counsel is Denied without prejudice. Signed by MAGISTRATE JUDGE ELIZABETH M TIMOTHY on May 24, 2011.(Set STAY DISC Flag) (tll)
Page 1 of 3
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
PANAMA CITY DIVISION
Case No. 5:10cv61/RH/EMT
NURSE JENKINS, et al.,
This matter is before the court on Defendants Jenkins, Parker, and Arunakul’s motion to stay
discovery (Doc. 81). Plaintiff opposes the motion (Doc. 89). Also before the court is Plaintiff’s
motion for appointment of counsel (Doc. 84).
Defendants Jenkins, Parker, and Arunakul seek a stay of discovery until disposition of their
motion to dismiss.1 Defendants contend their motion to dismiss, if granted, would dispose of all of
Plaintiff’s claims; therefore, discovery should be stayed in the interest of conserving the parties’
time and resources. Plaintiff opposes the motion to stay discovery on the following grounds: (1)
he (Plaintiff) already agreed to one extension of the deadline for Defendants to respond to his
discovery requests, (2) Defendants have not yet filed a answer to the complaint, (3) he is prejudiced
by repeated delays by Defendants, and a stay would not be in the interest of justice, and (4) even if
the court “callously” granted Defendants’ motion to dismiss, Plaintiff would re-file the lawsuit, and
discovery obtained now would expedite the new case (Doc. 89).
District courts are given extremely broad discretion in controlling discovery. Crawford-El
v. Britton, 523 U.S. 574, 598, 118 S. Ct. 1584, 140 L. Ed. 2d. 759 (1998); Klay v. All Defendants,
425 F.3d 977, 982 (11th Cir. 2005) (citing Perez v. Miami-Dade County, 297 F.3d 1255, 1263 (11th
Cir. 2002)). The court may limit discovery if the burden or expense of the proposed discovery
outweighs its likely benefit, considering, among other factors, the needs of the case, the parties’
Defendants seeks dismissal of Plaintiff’s complaint on the ground that he provided false statements to the court
concerning his prior litigation (see Doc. 79).
Page 2 of 3
resources, and the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues at stake in the action. Fed.
R. Civ. P. 26(b)(2)(c).
Additionally, the Eleventh Circuit has instructed:
Facial challenges to the legal sufficiency of a claim or defense, such as a motion to
dismiss based on failure to state a claim for relief, should . . . be resolved before
discovery begins. Such a dispute always presents a purely legal question; there are
no issues of fact because the allegations contained in the pleading are presumed to
be true. Therefore, neither the parties nor the court have any need for discovery
before the court rules on the motion.
Chudasama v. Mazda Motor Corp., 123 F.3d 1353, 1367 (11th Cir. 1997) (footnote and citation
omitted). The court further explained that delaying a ruling on the motion to dismiss “encourages
abusive discovery and, if the court ultimately dismisses the claim, imposes unnecessary costs,” and
advised that “any legally unsupported claim that would unduly enlarge the scope of discovery should
be eliminated before the discovery stage, if possible.” Id. at 1368 (footnote omitted). When a
motion to dismiss is pending, it is not necessary for the court to decide the merits of the motion to
determine whether the motion to stay discovery should be granted; however, “it is necessary for the
court to ‘take a preliminary peek’ at the merits of the motion to dismiss to see if it appears to be
clearly meritorious and truly case dispositive.” Feldman v. Flood, 176 F.R.D. 651, 652–53 (M.D.
Fla. 1997) (denying stay of discovery).
In the instant case, upon preliminary review of Defendants’ motion to dismiss and Plaintiff’s
response to the motion (Docs. 79, 83), the court “perceive[s] an immediate and clear possibility” that
the motion will be granted and this action entirely terminated. Simpson v. Specialty Retail
Concepts, Inc., 121 F.R.D. 261, 263 (M.D.N.C. 1988). Therefore, Defendants’ burden and expense
of responding to Plaintiff’s discovery requests outweighs any benefit at this stage of the litigation.
Furthermore, Plaintiff has failed to show he will be prejudiced by a stay of discovery. The matters
raised in Defendants’ motion to dismiss and Plaintiff’s response demonstrate that neither the parties
nor the court have any need for discovery before the court rules on the motion to dismiss.
Additionally, because the motion to dismiss is ready for disposition, and the undersigned intends to
issue a Report and Recommendation on the motion without delay, the stay of discovery will be brief.
Because legitimate reasons justify a stay of discovery until disposition of Defendants Jenkins,
Parker, and Arunakul’s motion to dismiss, and it does not appear that any party will be prejudiced
by a brief stay, Defendants’ motion for stay will be granted.
As a final matter, Plaintiff’s motion for appointment of counsel will be denied. The
appointment of counsel in civil cases is not a constitutional right; rather, it is “a privilege that is
justified only by exceptional circumstances, such as where the facts and legal issues are so novel or
Case No.: 5:10cv61/RH/EMT
Page 3 of 3
complex as to require the assistance of a trained practitioner.” Poole v. Lambert, 819 F.2d 1025,
1028 (11th Cir. 1987). As the court at this time does not view the case as exceptionally complex,
Plaintiff’s motion will be denied without prejudice. Appointment of counsel may be considered at
a later time should the need for counsel become evident.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED:
Defendants Jenkins, Parker, and Arunakul’s motion to stay discovery (Doc. 81) is
GRANTED. All discovery is hereby stayed until resolution of Defendants Jenkins, Parker, and
Arunakul’s motion to dismiss (Doc. 79).
Plaintiff’s Motion For Appointment of Counsel (Doc. 84) is DENIED without
DONE AND ORDERED this 24th day of May 2011.
/s/ Elizabeth M. Timothy
ELIZABETH M. TIMOTHY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Case No.: 5:10cv61/RH/EMT
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?