Dipilato v. Rudd & Diamond, P.A. et al
ORDER granting 129 Motion for Attorney Fees. See Order for details. Signed by Judge James I. Cohn on 2/24/2012. (prd)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
CASE NO. 10-62492-CIV-COHN
ANGELA DIPILATO, individually,
Magistrate Judge Seltzer
RUDD & DIAMOND, P.A., a Florida
corporation, PETER A. DIAMOND, individually,
MICHAEL RUDD, individually, OCEAN 4660, LLC,
a Florida limited liability company, COMERICA
BANK, a Michigan corporation, and
REMO POLSELLI, individually,
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR ATTORNEY’S FEES
THIS CAUSE is before the Court upon Defendant Ocean 4660, LLC’s Motion for
Attorney’s Fees [DE 129], Plaintiff’s Opposition [DE 137], and Defendant Ocean 4660's
Reply [DE 139]. The Court has carefully considered the motion, response and reply,
and is otherwise fully advised in the premises.
On September 26, 2011, Defendant Ocean 4660 filed an emergency motion to
discharge a lis pendens on the property, or in the alternative to request the posting of a
bond [DE 100]. According to the affidavit of Hanna Karcho, the sole member of
Defendant Ocean 4660, LLC, Plaintiff filed a Notice of Lis Pendens against the property
at 4658-4660 North Ocean Drive, Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, Florida, with the Broward
County Clerk on January 21, 2011. Affidavit of Owner, ¶10 [DE 101-1]. On September
2, 2011, Defendant Ocean 4660 entered into an agreement to sell the property at issue
to a non-party for $13,250,000. Id. at ¶ 7. The agreement provided for a 60 day period
to resolve any title issues. The purchaser identified the Lis Pendens filed by Plaintiff as
one of those issues. Id. at ¶ 11.
The Court set a hearing on Defendant Ocean 4660's discharge motion for
October 7, 2011. Plaintiff opposed the motion and sought a continuance of the hearing
[DE 106]. Given the exigent nature of the requested relief, the Court denied the motion
to continue [DE 107]. Plaintiff did not appear at the hearing [DE 108]. After hearing the
argument of Defendant and asking several questions, the Court granted the motion to
discharge the lien [DE 109]. The next business day, Plaintiff filed a Notice of
Interlocutory Appeal [DE 111]. Defendant moved the Court to require Plaintiff to post a
supersedeas bond [DE 114]. The Court applied Florida law and concluded that it was
appropriate to require Plaintiff to post a bond to cover the potential damages if her
failure to discharge the lis pendens caused the contracted for sale of the subject
property not to close [DE 119]. The amount of the bond was set at the amount of the
contracted price for the property ($13,250,000). Plaintiff did not post a bond. The
Court of Appeals dismissal of the Notice of Appeal was received by this Court on
November 29, 2011 [DE 125].
On December 5, 2011, Defendant Ocean 4660 moved for attorney’s fees under
Local Rule 7.3(a) and under Fla. Stat. § 48.23(3) for the time spent seeking dissolution
of the lis pendens. On December 27, 2011, a few days after the deadline to respond,
Plaintiff sought a 30 day extension of time [DE 133]. The Court granted this request
and extended the deadline until January 27, 2012. On January 30, 2012, Plaintiff filed
almost the exact same motion seeking another 30 days. The Court granted an
extension until February 9, 2012. Plaintiff’s response was not filed with the Clerk of
Court until Monday, February 13, 2012. Despite the response being late, the Court has
considered Plaintiff’s arguments in opposition to the motion.
A. Entitlement to Fees
Ocean 4660 seeks fees pursuant to Florida Statutes § 48.23(3) and S & T
Builders v. Globe Properties, Inc., 944 So.2d 302 (Fla. 2006). As noted in a prior order
granting the motion to dissolve the lis pendens, a federal court has the authority under
Fla. Stat. § 48.23(3) to discharge a lien. Beefy King Int’l, Inc. v. Veigle, 464 F.2d 1102,
1104 (5th Cir. 1972).1 See Order Granting Emergency Motion to Discharge Lis Pendens
[DE 109], 2011 WL 4738117 (S.D. Fla. October 7, 2011). Plaintiff contends that Florida
law only authorizes an award of fees if a lis pendens bond exists, citing to Wagner v.
Birham, 460 So. 2d 463 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1984), for the proposition that there is no
statutory authority for an award of attorney’s fees in discharging a lis pendens.
Defendant correctly argues in reply that Wagner was disapproved in S&T Builders.
Florida courts now recognize that such fees can be awarded. McMillan/Miami, LLC v.
Krystal Capital Managers, LLC, 1 So. 3d 312, 314 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2009). This Court
therefore concludes that Florida law allows attorney’s fees to a party that successfully
obtains dissolution of a lis pendens, and that this federal court can enforce Florida law
in this action.
Plaintiff next argues that Defendant has failed to comply with certain procedural
requirements for its motion for fees, including lack of verification as required by Local
Rule 7.3(a)(7). Plaintiff contends that such verification requires a formal declaration in
the presence of an authorized officer. In reply, Defendant argues that its verification
The decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, as that
court existed on September 30, 1981, handed down by that court prior to the close of
business on that date, shall be binding as precedent in the Eleventh Circuit, for this
court, the district courts, and the bankruptcy courts in the Circuit. Bonner v. Pritchard,
661 F.2d 1206, 1207 (11th Cir. 1981) (en banc).
complies with 28 U.S.C. § 1746, which states that wherever any rule requires a matter
to be supported by a sworn verification in writing, “such matter may, with like force and
effect, be supported. . . by the unsworn . . . verification. . . in writing of such person
which is subscribed by him as true under penalty of perjury, and dated. . . .” Section
1746 then gives the form of such verification, which Defendant has complied with in this
action. See Motion at p. 7 [DE 129]. The Court agrees with Defendant that the
provided verification complies with Local Rule 7.3(a)(7).2
Plaintiff also contends that Defendant failed to comply with Local Rule 7.3(a)(8)
and 7.3(b) by not sufficiently attempting a good faith effort to resolve the motion with the
opposing side. In reply, Defendant notes that prior to filing of the motion it notified and
served Plaintiff with the motion by mail on November 7, 2011, as required by Local Rule
7.3(b). Exhibit B to Motion [DE 129-2]. The cover letter to the copy mailed to Plaintiff
requested that Plaintiff contact Defendant’s counsel in an effort to resolve the matter.
In her opposition, Plaintiff does not contend that she attempted to contact Defendant’s
counsel. This inaction cannot be used to suggest that Defendant failed to comply with
the Local Rule requirements of notice and pre-filing conference.
Finally, Plaintiff contends that fees should be denied because Defendant failed
to mention a request for attorney’s fees in the caption of its Motion to Vacate Lis
Pendens, citing to Certex USA v. Vidal, Case No. 09-61818 [DE 116/117]. Defendant
correctly notes that it did request attorney’s fees in its motion to vacate [DE 100, ¶ 13].
Plaintiff also contends that Defendant did not comply with Local Rule 7.3(a)(1)
by not filing the motion within 30 days. The deadline was changed to 60 days in April of
The Court has reviewed the final order in Certex USA v. Vidal and finds nothing to
support Plaintiff’s argument that an attorney’s fees request must be in the caption of a
motion to vacate a lis pendens. The requested relief was contained in the body of the
motion to vacate the lis pendens and a later specific motion was filed to award fees
after the lis pendens was vacated.3
B. Amount of Fees
Plaintiff also challenges the amount of fees sought to be awarded because the
“billing time sheets reveals that all of the time billed was not in connection with
discharging the lis pendens and,(ii) there exists a substantial disparity in the amount of
legal fees sought to be recovered and the actual billing for legal fees.” Plaintiff’s
Opposition at 4. Plaintiff, however, makes no specific objections as required by Local
Rule 7.3(a). Defendant, on the other hand, has met its burden to submit documentation
of its attorney time and rates to support its motion for fees. See Exhibit A to Motion [DE
129-1]. Because Plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the Court has undertaken a line by line
analysis of Defendant’s fee request.
A reasonable award for attorney’s fees is calculated using the lodestar method,
which requires the Court to multiply the reasonable hours expended by a reasonable
hourly rate. See Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983); Norman v. Hous.
Auth. of Montgomery, 836 F.2d 1292, 1299 (11th Cir. 1988); Cuban Museum of Arts &
Culture, Inc. v. City of Miami, 771 F. Supp. 1190, 1191 (S.D. Fla. 1991). The fee
Plaintiff also argues that Defendant has failed to comply with Rule 11 of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Defendant is not seeking attorney’s fees pursuant to
applicant bears the burden of establishing entitlement to the award and documenting
the appropriate hours and hourly rates. ACLU v. Barnes, 168 F.3d 423 (11th Cir.
1999). In determining what fee constitutes a “reasonable” hourly rate and what number
of compensable hours constitute a “reasonable” number of hours, a court may consider
the 12 factors enumerated in Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, Inc., 488 F.2d 714
(5th Cir. 1974). Accord Farley v. Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co., 197 F.3d 1322, 1340 (11th
Cir. 1999).4 In addition, a district court is “empowered to exercise discretion in
determining whether an award is to be made and if so its reasonableness.” Cullens v.
Ga. Dep’t of Transp., 29 F.3d 1489, 1492-93 (11th Cir. 1994).
1. Reasonable Hourly Rate
The first step in calculating the lodestar amount is determining the reasonable
hourly rate. “A reasonable hourly rate is the prevailing market rate in the relevant legal
community for similar services, by lawyers of reasonably comparable skills, experience,
and reputation.” Norman, 836 F.2d at 1299. The applicant bears the burden of
producing satisfactory evidence that the requested rate is in line with prevailing market
rates. Id. Ocean 4660 seeks an hourly rate of $325 per hour for partner Jordan Cohen
(only 0.4 hours of time); $235 per hour for associate Patrick Dahl; and $100 per hour for
new law school graduate Eric Gruber (only 0.6 hours of time). Upon consideration of all
Those factors are: (1) the time and labor required; (2) the novelty and
difficulty of the questions; (3) the skill required to perform the legal service properly; (4)
the preclusion of employment by the attorney due to acceptance of the case; (5) the
customary fee; (6) whether the fee is fixed or contingent; (7) time limitations imposed by
the client or the circumstances; (8) the amount involved and the results obtained; (9)
the experience, reputation, and ability of the attorneys; (10) the “undesirability” of the
case; (11) the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client; and (12)
awards in similar cases. Johnson, 488 F.2d at 717-19.
of the factors mentioned above, the Court concludes that these are reasonable rates for
2. Reasonable Number of Hours Expended
As noted above, the second step in calculating the lodestar amount involves
determining whether counsel expended a reasonable number of hours on the case.
Again, a fee applicant bears the burden of documenting the appropriate hours
expended so that the court may properly assess the time claimed for each activity. See
Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433; Norman, 836 F.2d at 1301. Excessive, redundant or
otherwise unnecessary hours should not be included in the calculation. See Barnes,
168 F.3d at 427.
The Motion seeks reimbursement for 19.3 total hours. Defendant has supported
this request with detailed billing records for each time entry. See Exhibit A to Motion.
The Court has analyzed each and every time entry and concludes that a few of the
entries are excessive or otherwise unnecessary as billed attorney time. These include
0.2 hours on September 23, 2011 for drafting correspondence; 0.3 hours for calling
chambers on September 26 and September 29; 0.1 hours on September 30 for
analysis of order changing the date of the hearing; 0.3 hours for a teleconference with
an unknown (redacted) person on October 5; and 0.3 hours for drafting correspondence
on October 7, 2011, for a total reduction of 1.2 hours of the time sought for attorney
3. Lodestar Amount
Of the requested time, the Court will strike 1.2 hours, leaving the reasonable
number of hours expended to be 17.1 hours for Patrick Dahl at his reasonable hourly
rate of $235.00, for a total of $4,018.50, plus $40.00 for the 0.4 hours of Eric Gruber,
and $195.00 for the 0.6 hours of Jordan Cohen, resulting in a total amount of $4,253.50
in attorney’s fees.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED AND ADJUDGED as follows:
Defendant Ocean 4660, LLC’s Motion for Attorney’s Fees [DE 129] is hereby
The Court will enter a separate judgment for fees.
DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers at Fort Lauderdale, Broward County,
Florida, this 24th day of February, 2012.
Copies furnished to:
Angela DiPilato, pro se (via CM/ECF regular mail)
counsel of record on CM/ECF
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