Castilla v. National Union Fire Insurance Co. of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
ORDER denying 58 Motion to Remand to State Court. Signed by Judge James I. Cohn on 4/23/2012. (awe)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
Case No. 11-62086-CIV-COHN/SELTZER
NATIONAL UNION FIRE INSURANCE
COMPANY OF PITTSBURGH,
PENNSYLVANIA, a corporation,
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR REMAND
THIS CAUSE is before the Court on Plaintiff Rolando Castilla’s Motion for
Remand [DE 58]. The Court has considered the motion, Defendant National Union Fire
Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania’s Response [DE 61], the record in this
case, and is otherwise advised in the premises.
On July 5, 2011, Plaintiff Rolando Castilla filed this action in the Circuit Court of
the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit, in and for Broward County, Florida [DE 4-1]. The
Complaint [DE 4-1 at 4-7] brought one count for breach of contract based on
Defendant’s alleged failure to pay insurance proceeds after Plaintiff sustained an
accident, as a result of which, he “suffered the total and irrecoverable loss of sight in
both eyes, or the loss of sight in one eye.” Compl. ¶ 11. On September 22, 2011,
Defendant removed the action to this Court based on diversity jurisdiction. See Notice
of Removal [DE 1]. The current operative complaint is the Second Amended Complaint
On April 13, 2012, Plaintiff filed the instant Motion for Remand based on lack of
subject matter jurisdiction. For the reasons discussed below, the motion will be denied.
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. See 13 Charles Alan Wright,
Arthur R. Miller & Edward H. Cooper, Federal Practice & Procedure § 3522 (2d ed.
1984 & Supp. 2008). Federal subject matter jurisdiction exists only when a controversy
involves a question of federal law or diversity of citizenship between the parties. See
28 U.S.C. §§ 1331-1332. The instant case does not involve a question of federal law.
Accordingly, the Court may hear the case only if diversity jurisdiction exists.
Diversity jurisdiction exists when the suit is between citizens of different states
and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs. 28
U.S.C. § 1332; see also Palmer v. Hosp. Auth., 22 F.3d 1559, 1564 (11th Cir. 1994)
(diversity jurisdiction requires complete diversity); Gafford v. Gen. Elec. Co., 997 F.2d
150, 158 (6th Cir. 1993) (“[O]ne means by which Congress has sought to limit access to
federal courts in diversity cases is the amount-in-controversy requirement.”). Plaintiff
previously filed a Motion to Remand [DE 13] based on lack of diversity, but the Court
found that complete diversity exists in this case and denied the motion. Order Denying
Motion to Remand [DE 21] (rejecting Plaintiff’s request to remand based on lack of
complete diversity); Notice of Removal ¶¶ 4-5 (stating Plaintiff is a citizen of Florida and
Defendant is a Pennsylvania corporation with its principal place of business in New
York); see also Sec. Am. Compl. ¶¶ 4-5 (stating Plaintiff is a resident of Florida and
Defendant is a corporation with its principal place of business in New York). Although
Plaintiff’s initial Motion to Remand did not dispute the amount in controversy
requirement, Plaintiff now argues that the amount in controversy does not meet the
jurisdictional threshold amount. See Mot. at 1.
“A court’s analysis of the amount-in-controversy requirement focuses on how
much is in controversy at the time of removal, not later.” Pretka v. Kolter City Plaza II,
Inc., 608 F.3d 744, 751 (11th Cir. 2010); Leonard v. Enter. Rent a Car, 279 F.3d 967,
972 (11th Cir. 2002). At the time of removal of this case, the pending Complaint
alleged that Plaintiff had “sustained damages including but not limited to . . . Loss of
such past due policy benefits which aggregate at the time of filing this Complaint to
more than $300,000 . . . ” Compl. ¶ 18(a). In the Notice of Removal, Defendant
alleged that “[t]he amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00, exclusive of interest and
cost,” based on the representations in the Complaint. Notice of Removal ¶ 6 (citing
Compl. ¶ 18). As such, the jurisdictional amount in controversy was satisfied at the
time of removal.
Although the Second Amended Complaint [DE 29] only alleges losses in excess
of $25,000, “subsequent events that reduce the amount recoverable—such as the
plaintiff’s amendment of the complaint—will not defeat the federal court’s subject-matter
jurisdiction.” Charles A. Wright et al., Federal Practice and Procedure § 3725.2 (4th Ed.
April 2012); see also The Burt Co. v. Clarendon Nat’l Ins. Co., 385 Fed. App’x 892, 894
(11th Cir. 2010) (“events occurring after removal, such as the post-removal amendment
of a complaint to remove certain claims, which may reduce the damages recoverable
below the amount in controversy requirement, do not divest the district court of
jurisdiction.”) (citing Poore v. American-Amicable Life Ins. Co., 218 F.3d 1287, 1290-91
(11th Cir. 2000) overruled in part on other grounds by Alvarez v. Uniroyal Tire Co., 508
F.3d 639, 640-41 (11th Cir. 2007) (holding court erred in relying on amended complaint
to conclude parties did not meet amount in controversy requirement)); George v.
Marriot Senior Living Servs., Inc., No. 01-8708-CIV-HURLEY, 2001 WL 1757181, at *3
(S.D. Fla. Nov. 14, 2001) (where defendant had shown “that as of the date of removal, .
. . the amount in controversy exceeded $75,000[, . . .] Plaintiff, after more than a year of
litigation . . . [could] not now seek to amend the complaint to affirmatively demand an
amount of damages below the jurisdictional threshold.”). Therefore, the fact that
Plaintiff now claims less than $75,000 does not divest this Court of jurisdiction.
Finally, Defendant seeks to recover the attorneys’ fees it incurred in submitting
its Response to Plaintiff’s Motion due to Plaintiff’s failure to confer properly in
accordance with the Local Rules. Though the Court will not require Plaintiff to pay
Defendant’s fees at this time, Plaintiff is reminded once more that all parties, including
pro se litigants, must comply with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local
Rules for the Southern District of Florida, including Local Rule 7.1(a)(3). Before filing
any motion in the future, whether pro se or through counsel, Plaintiff shall confer
properly with Defendant’s counsel.
Based on the foregoing, it is hereby
ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that Plaintiff Rolando Castilla’s Motion for Remand
[DE 58] is DENIED.
DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers at Fort Lauderdale, Broward County,
Florida, this 23rd day of April, 2012.
Copies provided to:
Counsel of record via CM/ECF
Rolando Castilla, pro se
3840 Lyons Road
Coconut Creek, FL 33073
Rolando Castilla, pro se
9977 Westview Dr. Apt 123
Coral Springs, FL 33076
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