Rose v. Blake
TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER, Lee Ann Nicole Blake response due 8/17/2017. Hearing set for 8/18/2017 08:30 AM in Miami Division before Judge Robert N. Scola Jr. Signed by Judge Robert N. Scola, Jr. on 8/11/2017. (jle)
United States District Court
Southern District of Florida
Damion Samuel Rose, Plaintiff,
Lee Ann Nicole Blake,
Case No. 17-61602-CIV-SCOLA
Order Granting Temporary Restraining Order and
This matter is before the Court on the Plaintiff’s Verified Complaint and
Petition Under Hague Convention For Return of the Child to Plaintiff/Petitioner
(ECF No. 1). In the Complaint, the Plaintiff requests an immediate temporary
restraining order prohibiting the removal of his son from the jurisdiction of this
Court. (Id. at 9.) Upon review of the Complaint, the Court grants the request for
a temporary restraining order.
To obtain a temporary restraining order, a party must demonstrate “(1) a
substantial likelihood of success on the merits; (2) that irreparable injury will
be suffered if the relief is not granted; (3) that the threatened injury outweighs
the harm the relief would inflict on the non-movant; and (4) that the entry of
the relief would serve the public interest.” Schiavo ex. rel Schindler v. Schiavo,
403 F.3d 1223, 1225–26 (11th Cir. 2005) (per curiam); see also Levi Strauss &
Co. v. Sunrise Int’l. Trading Inc., 51 F. 3d 982, 985 (11th Cir. 1995) (applying
the test to a preliminary injunction in a Lanham Act case). Additionally, a court
may only issue a temporary restraining order without notice to the adverse
party or its attorney if:
(A) specific facts in an affidavit or a verified complaint clearly show that
immediate and irreparable injury, loss, or damage will result to the
movant before the adverse party can be heard in opposition [and] (B)
the movant’s attorney certifies in writing any efforts made to give notice
and the reasons why it should not be required.
FED. R. CIV. P. 65(b). Ex parte temporary restraining orders “should be restricted
to serving their underlying purpose of preserving the status quo and preventing
irreparable harm just so long as is necessary to hold a hearing and no longer.”
Granny Goose Foods, Inc. v. Bhd. of Teamsters & Auto Truck Drivers Local No.
70 of Alameda Cnty., 415 U.S. 423, 439 (1974).
The Complaint alleges that the Defendant has wrongfully removed the
Plaintiff’s son, D.A.R., from Belgium to Florida in violation of the Belgian Civil
Code and Articles 3 and 5 of the Hague Convention. (Compl. ¶¶ 23-28.) The
Plaintiff alleges that the Defendant is in the United States under a tourist visa,
and that he is concerned that she will flee to Jamaica with D.A.R. when the
visa expires. (Id. ¶ 31.) Jamaica is not bound by the Hague Convention. (Id.)
The allegations in the Complaint are sufficient to demonstrate that the Plaintiff
has a substantial likelihood of success on the merits; that irreparable injury
will be suffered if a temporary restraining order is not granted; that the
threatened injury outweighs the harm that a temporary restraining order will
inflict on the Defendant; and that the entry of a temporary restraining order
will serve the public interest.
Therefore, it is ordered and adjudged that the Plaintiff’s request for a
temporary restraining order is hereby granted as follows:
The Defendant, Lee Ann Nicole Blake, is prohibited from removing
the minor D.A.R. from the jurisdiction of this Court pending a hearing on the
merits of the Complaint;
No person acting in concert or participating with the Defendant
shall take any action to remove D.A.R. from the jurisdiction of this Court
pending a hearing on the merits of the Complaint;
This Order shall remain in effect until the date for the hearing set
forth below, or until such further dates as set by the Court or stipulated to by
The Plaintiff must serve a copy of this Order and the Complaint on
the Defendant on or before August 15, 2017, or as soon as practicable.
A hearing is set before this Court in the United States Courthouse
located at 400 North Miami Avenue, Miami, Florida, 33128, Courtroom 12-3,
on August 18, 2017, at 8:30 a.m., at which time the Defendant may challenge
the appropriateness of this Order and move to dissolve the same and at which
time the Court will hear argument on the merits of the Plaintiff’s Complaint;
The Defendant must bring her passport and D.A.R.’s passport to
the hearing on August 18, 2017, at 8:30 a.m.;
Any response or opposition to the Complaint must be filed and
served on the Plaintiff’s counsel by August 17, 2017, and filed with the Court,
along with Proof of Service.
Done and ordered at Miami, Florida, on August 11, 2017.
Robert N. Scola, Jr.
United States District Judge
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