Emrit v. Henderson Behavioral Health
ORDER DISMISSING 9 Amended Complaint. The Clerk is directed to close this caseand any pending motions are denied as moot. Signed by Judge Robert N. Scola, Jr on 10/24/2017. (kpe) NOTICE: If there are sealed documents in this case, they may be unsealed after 1 year or as directed by Court Order, unless they have been designated to be permanently sealed. See Local Rule 5.4 and Administrative Order 2014-69.
United States District Court
Southern District of Florida
Ronald Satish Emrit, Plaintiff,
Henderson Behavioral Health,
Civil Action No. 17-61811-Civ-Scola
Order Dismissing Amended Complaint
This matter is before the Court upon an independent review of the
record. Plaintiff Ronald Satish Emrit is proceeding in forma pauperis. (See
Order Granting Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis, ECF No. 7.) Under 28
U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), a court must dismiss an in forma pauperis case “at any
time if the court determines that . . . the action . . . (i) is frivolous or malicious;
(ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary
relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” Dismissal for
failure to state a claim is appropriate when the facts as pleaded do not state a
claim for relief that is “plausible on its face.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937,
1949 (2009). Additionally, § 1915 requires dismissal when the legal theories
advanced are “indisputably meritless,” Nietzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327
(1989); when the claims rely on factual allegations which are “clearly baseless,”
Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32 (1992); or, when it appears that the
plaintiff has little or no chance of success, Bilal v. Driver, 251 F.3d 1346, 1349
(11th Cir. 2001).
Emrit is a pro se litigant. As such, his complaint is held to “‘less
stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers’ and can only be
dismissed for failure to state a claim if it appears ‘beyond doubt that the
plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle
him to relief.’” Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1979) (quoting Haines v.
Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520–21 (1972)). When determining whether to dismiss,
the allegations of a complaint and attachments are taken as true and are
construed in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Pielage v. McConnell, 516
F.3d 1282, 1284 (11th Cir. 2008).
The Court has carefully reviewed the Amended Complaint to determine
whether Emrit has stated any plausible or non-frivolous claims. The Amended
Complaint states that Emrit seeks damages for negligence and intentional
infliction of emotional distress (“IIED”). (Am. Compl. at 4.) Under Florida law, a
claim for negligence consists of four elements: “(1) a legal duty owed by
defendant to plaintiff, (2) breach of that duty by defendant, (3) injury to plaintiff
legally caused by defendant’s breach, and (4) damages as a result of that
injury.” Estate of Rotell ex rel. Rotell v. Kuehnle, 38 So.3d 783, 788 (Fla. 2d.
Dist. Ct. App. 2010). Emrit alleges that in May of 2017, he stayed at Defendant
Henderson Behavioral Health because he was having suicidal ideations. (Am.
Compl. ¶ 14.) He alleges that Henderson Behavioral Health “had a
responsibility to get me Florida food stamps . . . despite the six-month
residency requirement (for Florida citizenship).” (Id. ¶ 19.) However, the
Amended Complaint alleges that Emrit is not a resident of Florida and does not
allege that there is any exception to the residency requirement. Moreover,
Florida’s Department of Children and Family Services (“DCF”) is responsible for
administering the food stamp program and is not permitted to alter the
eligibility requirements since the food stamp program is a matter of federal, not
state law. See Pena v. Fla. Dep’t of Children and Family Serv.’s, 865 So.2d 516,
517 (Fla. 3d Dist. Ct. App. 2003). Therefore, the Court dismisses Emrit’s claim
that Henderson Behavioral Health was negligent in failing to obtain food
stamps for him because Emrit admits that he did not meet the residency
requirement, and Henderson Behavioral Health is neither responsible for
administering the food stamp program nor does it have authority to change the
eligibility requirements of the program.
Emrit also alleges that “the social worker” had a duty to obtain Section 8
Housing Vouchers for him. (Am. Compl. ¶ 20.) It is unclear whether the social
worker was an employee of Henderson Behavioral Health. However, since
Henderson Behavioral Health is the only named defendant, the Court will
proceed on the assumption that the social worker was an employee. Emrit sets
forth no legal basis for the existence of a duty on the part of Henderson
Behavioral Health to obtain a housing voucher for him. Henderson Behavioral
Health does not administer the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program.
See McCall v. Montgomery Housing Authority, 809 F.Supp.2d 1314, 1317-18
(M.D. Ala. 2011) (noting that the Section 8 housing program is a federal
program administered on the local level by public housing authorities).
Moreover, in order to obtain a housing voucher, Emrit, not Henderson
Behavioral Health, would have had to submit an application to the local public
housing authority. Id. at 1318 (“[t]he Section 8 program allows eligible families
to apply to the local public housing authority for assistance”). Thus, there is no
legal basis for the alleged duty of Henderson Behavioral Health to obtain a
housing voucher for Emrit.
To state a claim for IIED under Florida law, a plaintiff must show: (1)
deliberate or reckless infliction of mental suffering; (2) outrageous conduct; (3)
that the conduct caused emotional distress; and (4) that the distress was
severe. Nettles v. City of Leesburg Police Dep’t, 415 Fed. App’x. 116, 122 (11th
Cir. 2010) (quoting Hart v. United States, 894 F.2d 1539, 1548 (11th Cir.
1990)). The conduct alleged by Emrit falls far short of the level of
outrageousness required by Florida law. See, e.g., Rubio v. Lopez, 445 Fed.
App’x. at 175 (finding failure to allege sufficient outrageous conduct where
deputy sheriff hobble-tied arrestee on black asphalt pavement in sun, resulting
in second-degree burns to face and chest).
Therefore, even under the relaxed pleading standard afforded to pro se
litigants, Emrit has not asserted any viable claims. Based on the fundamental
and fatal deficiencies identified above, the Court concludes that the Amended
Complaint cannot be cured by amendment. See Spear v. Nix, 215 F. App’x 896,
901–02 (11th Cir. 2007) (finding complaint dismissed with prejudice proper
where “amendment would have been futile”). The Amended Complaint is
therefore dismissed with prejudice. The Clerk is directed to close this case
and any pending motions are denied as moot.
Done and ordered, at Miami, Florida, on October 24, 2017.
Robert N. Scola, Jr.
United States District Judge
Ronald Satish Emrit
5108 Cornelias Prospect Dr.
Bowie, MD 20720
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