Cuminale v. Saul, Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER APPROVING REPORT OF MAGISTRATE JUDGE; REFERRING PART II OF THE PLAINTIFFS OBJECTIONS TO THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE TO CONSIDER IN THE FIRST INSTANCE. Adopting 28 Report and Recommendations on overruling 29 Appeal/Objection of Magistrate Judge Or der to District Court, granting 21 Motion for Summary Judgment filed by Andrew M. Saul, denying 25 Motion for Summary Judgment filed by Michael Cuminale. Certificate of Appealability: No Ruling. Signed by Judge William P. Dimitrouleas on 9/7/2021. See attached document for full details. (jao)
Case 0:20-cv-61004-WPD Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 09/07/2021 Page 1 of 4
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
CASE NO. 20-61004-DIMITROULEAS/SNOW
ANDREW M. SAUL,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
ORDER APPROVING REPORT OF MAGISTRATE JUDGE;
REFERRING PART II OF THE PLAINTIFF’S OBJECTIONS TO THE
MAGISTRATE JUDGE TO CONSIDER IN THE FIRST INSTANCE
THIS CAUSE is before the Court upon the Report and Recommendation of Magistrate
Judge Snow (the “Report”) [DE 28], filed herein on June 14, 2021. The Court has conducted a de
novo review of the Report [DE 28], has carefully considered Plaintiff’s Objections [DE 29], and is
otherwise fully advised in the premises.
The Plaintiff filed an application for disability benefits on September 24,2015, alleging
disability since September 10, 2015, as a result of back pain and other ailments. The application
was denied initially and upon reconsideration. The Plaintiff then requested a hearing, which was
held before Administrative Law Judge James Andres on November 6, 2017. The Administrative
Law Judge (ALJ) found that the Plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of the Social
Security Act. The Appeals Council remanded the case to the ALJ for further proceedings. A
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second administrative hearing was held before Judge Andres on April 15, 2019, after which the
ALJ again found that the Plaintiff was not disabled. The Appeals Council denied the Plaintiff's
request for review on March 24, 2020. The Plaintiff then filed this action on May 21, 2020,
seeking judicial review of the decision of the Commissioner.
Defendant filed a Motion for Summary Judgment, arguing that substantial evidence
supports the ALJ’s findings and conclusion that Plaintiff was not disabled within the meaning of
the Social Security Act and that, therefore, the Court should affirm the Commissioner’s decision.
[DE 21]. Plaintiff filed an Amended Motion for Summary Judgment, seeking that the Court
vacate the ALJ’s decision and remand the case back to the Commissioner under sentence four of
42 U.S.C. §405(g) with instructions to properly weigh the treating source medical opinion under
the factors set forth in 20 C.F.R. §416.927 and under binding case law within the Eleventh Circuit.
[DE 25]. Magistrate Judge Snow issued a Report and Recommendation, recommending that
Plaintiff’s Amended Motion be denied and that Defendant’s Motion be granted. See [DE 28] at p.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
A party seeking to challenge the findings in a report and recommendation of a United
States Magistrate Judge must file “written objections which shall specifically identify the portions
of the proposed findings and recommendation to which objection is made and the specific basis for
objection.” Macort v. Prem, Inc., 208 F. App’x 781, 783 (11th Cir. 2006) (quoting Heath v. Jones,
863 F.2d 815, 822 (11th Cir. 1989)). “It is critical that the objection be sufficiently specific and not
a general objection to the report.” Macort, 208 F. App’x at 784 (citing Goney v. Clark, 749 F.2d 5,
7 (3d Cir. 1984)). If a party makes a timely and specific objection to a finding in the report and
recommendation, the district court must conduct a de novo review of the portions of the report to
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which objection is made. Macort, 208 F. App’x at 783-84; see also 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). The
district court may accept, reject, or modify in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations
made by the Magistrate Judge. Macort, 208 F. App’x at 784; 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Accordingly,
the Court has undertaken a de novo review of the record and the Plaintiff’s objections.
Plaintiff objects to the ALJ’s purported error in failing to apply the correct legal standards
to and failing to properly weigh the opinions of Drs. Jarolem, Young, and Herskowitz, the
Plaintiff's treating physicians. A court should affirm an ALJ’s decision “if the decision was
supported by substantial evidence . . . defined as such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind
might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.” Shinn ex rel. Shinn v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 391
F.3d 1276, 1281 (11th Cir. 2004) (internal quotations and citations omitted). In her Report,
Magistrate Judge Snow explains the reasons that the ALJ gave greater or lesser weight to different
portions of the Plaintiff’s treating physicians’ opinions. Upon review of the record, the Court
agrees with the reasoning, conclusions, and recommendations of the Magistrate Judge.
However, Plaintiff raises for the first time in this case – as Part II to his Objections to the
Report and Recommendation – that Plaintiff’s case should have been reassigned to a properly
appointed ALJ under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution, relying on the
recent United States Supreme Court decision in Carr v. Saul, 141 S. Ct. 1352 (2021), which he
argues implicates his constitutional rights. Plaintiff contends that the interests of justice require
that either this Court rule on this constitutional issue or that the case be recommitted to the
Magistrate Judge with instructions to take further briefing on this issue. As this issue was not
presented to the Magistrate Judge, has not been briefed, and has not been addressed by Defendant,
who did not respond to Plaintiff’s Objections, the Court agrees with Plaintiff that the case should
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be recommitted to the Magistrate Judge with instructions to take further briefing on this issue.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED AND ADJUDGED as follows:
The Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation [DE 28] is hereby APPROVED;
Plaintiff’s Objections [DE 29] are hereby OVERRULED as to Part I of the Objections,
which address the Report and Recommendation and the underlying summary judgment
Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment [DE 21] is hereby GRANTED;
Plaintiff’s Amended Motion for Summary Judgment [DE 25] is hereby DENIED;
This case is hereby REFERRED to the Magistrate Judge with instructions to take further
briefing and for a report and recommendation on the issue raised in Part II of Plaintiff’s
Objections to the Report and Recommendation – that Plaintiff’s case should have been
reassigned to a properly appointed ALJ under the Appointments Clause of the United
States Constitution pursuant to Carr v. Saul, 141 S. Ct. 1352 (2021).
DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers at Fort Lauderdale, Broward County, Florida, this
7th day of September, 2021.
Copies furnished to:
Magistrate Judge Snow
Counsel of record
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