Silvin v. GEICO General Insurance Company et al
ORDER on Possible Grounds for Disqualification or Recusal. Parties are directed to respond by 4/27/2012. See ORDER for details. Signed by Judge Robert N. Scola, Jr. on 4/23/2012. (jky)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
Case No. 11-cv-24128-SCOLA
ERIC O. SILVIN
GEICO GENERAL INSURANCE
COMPANY et al.,
ORDER ON POSSIBLE GROUNDS FOR DISQUALIFICATION OR RECUSAL
THIS MATTER is before the Court sua sponte. The Court finds it prudent to inform the
parties of a possible basis for recusal. The undersigned and the undersigned’s family are insured
under auto policies issued by the Defendant GEICO. While the Court does not believe recusal is
required under the circumstances here, in an abundance of caution, the parties are directed to
meet and confer to consider whether, by virtue of being a policyholder, the Court has a “financial
interest” in the subject matter of this litigation, as that term is used in 28 U.S.C. § 455(b)(4) and
the Canon 3C(1) of the Code of Conduct for United States Judges.
In considering this question, the parties should consider Advisory Opinion No. 26 from
the 2009 Guide to Judiciary Policy, Vol. 2B, Ch. 2 Page 26-1 Committee on Codes of Conduct,
which provides that:
[W]hen an insurance company is a party, the judge ordinarily need not recuse
unless the judge has a financial interest in the company. The judge has a financial
interest in the company only if the outcome of the proceeding could substantially
affect the value of the judge’s interest in the company. This could occur if, as a
result of a judgment against the insurance company in the particular case, the
judge’s premiums could be significantly increased or coverage substantially
reduced. . . . .
See 2009 Guide to Judiciary Policy, Vol. 2B, Ch. 2 Page 26-1 (emphasis supplied). Thus, the
relevant inquiry is whether “the judge’s premiums could be significantly increased or coverage
substantially reduced,” depending on the outcome of this litigation.
If, upon considering this question, any party to this lawsuit believes that the undersigned
should recuse himself pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 455(b), the party should move for such relief by
April 27, 2012. If the parties believe that the Court does not have a substantial financial interest
so as to require recusal, they shall file a Joint Notice so indicating by April 27, 2012. If such a
Joint Notice is filed, the parties should include whether, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 455(e), they
agree to waive any potential grounds for disqualification arising under 28 U.S.C. § 455(a).
DONE and ORDERED in chambers, at Miami, Florida on April 23, 2012.
ROBERT N. SCOLA, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Counsel of record
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