Goins v. CARNIVAL CORPORATION
ORDER FOLLOWING DISCOVERY HEARING re 93 Plaintiff's Third Amended Notice of Hearing. Signed by Magistrate Judge Andrea M. Simonton on 2/21/2017. (AMS)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
CASE NO. 16-21368-CIV-WILLIAMS/SIMONTON
ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES, LTD.,
ORDER FOLLOWING FEBRUARY 15, 2017, DISCOVERY HEARING
This matter was before the Court for a discovery hearing on February 15, 2017,
pursuant to the Plaintiff’s Third Amended Notice of Hearing, ECF No. . The Honorable
Kathleen M. Williams, District Judge, has referred all discovery matters to the
undersigned Magistrate Judge, ECF No. .
The Plaintiff filed his Third Amended Complaint on July 12, 2016. The Third
Amended Complaint has a single claim for negligence. The Plaintiff alleges that on
March 25, 2016, while onboard the Defendant’s vessel, the Liberty of the Seas, he was
attending the “Quest Game” in the ship’s ice skating arena when he was called down to
the stage to participate. The Plaintiff claims that he was seated in temporary aluminum
seating which the ship had installed and the seats were unreasonably close together and
the lighting was unreasonably improper. He further alleges that the ship’s crew
encouraged the participants to rush dangerously, with the result that the Plaintiff caught
his foot on one of the stations as he was attempting to exit his row. The Plaintiff claims
that he fell forward down the stairs and suffered a shoulder injury which required
The Plaintiff alleges that the Defendant was negligent by failing to eliminate the
hazard(s), failing to properly maintain and arrange the seating, failing to inspect the
seating, failing to warn the Plaintiff of the hazard(s) and failing to properly train and
supervise its crew such that an incident could have been avoided.
The Defendant alleges inter alia that the Plaintiff failed to reasonably exercise care
and diligence to avoid the incident and failed to avoid loss and minimize damage. The
Defendant further alleges that the damages allegedly suffered by the Plaintiff were the
result of other trauma suffered by the Plaintiff, the vessel was reasonably safe, and the
Defendant did not have prior notice regarding the conditions alleged by the Plaintiff.
The case is set for trial during the two-week calendar beginning May 30, 2017. The
extended deadline for completing discovery is March 1, 2017.
A. Date of Deposing Defendant’s Expert
In the Third Amended Notice of Hearing, the Plaintiff stated that the date provided
by the Defendant for deposing the Defendant’s expert, Dr. Fernandez, was 5:00 p.m. on
March 1, 2017 (the date of the discovery cut-off). The Plaintiff sought an earlier
At the hearing the Plaintiff requested that the deposition take place at any time
prior to the evening of the last day of discovery. The Plaintiff asserted that having the
deposition on the last day of discovery would make it impossible for the Plaintiff to
assess the impact of the deposition or take any further actions related to discovery.
The Defendant asserted that the Plaintiff first requested dates on January 26,
2017, and Dr. Fernandez (a practicing orthopedic surgeon) is only available on March 1,
2017, or other dates that are beyond the discovery deadline. The Defendant further
asserted that the Plaintiff has been given a list of all documents upon which Dr.
Fernandez relied, and all the medical records are those that were provided by the
Because Dr. Fernandez is an expert witness and not a fact witness, there is little to
no chance that Dr. Fernandez will provide information at his deposition that the Plaintiff
was not previously aware of. Additionally, even if the deposition was one day or even
hours earlier, as suggested by the Plaintiff, there would not be adequate time for the
Plaintiff to seek any additional discovery given the discovery deadline. The Plaintiff has
not described what actions the Plaintiff would take that are foreclosed by having the
deposition occur on March 1, 2017. Accordingly, the Plaintiff’s request to move Dr.
Fernandez’s deposition to an earlier date or time is denied.
In the Amended Notice of Hearing, the Plaintiff asserted that the Defendant’s
answers to interrogatory numbers 7, 8, and 22 were not full and complete answers. At
the hearing, the parties notified the undersigned that they had resolved the issues
surrounding the interrogatory responses
C. Second Ship Inspection
The Plaintiff sought a second ship inspection of the ship where the alleged
incident occurred. The Plaintiff argued that when the Plaintiff was a participant in the
Quest Game, a wooden retractable floor was out over the ice in the ice arena. The
Plaintiff asserted that when the Plaintiff’s liability expert examined the ship, the wooden
retractable floor was not out, and therefore, the expert was not able to test the surface
where the Plaintiff fell.
At the hearing, the Plaintiff argued that because the Defendant has indicated that
the Defendant intends to move to strike the Plaintiff’s medical expert, the Plaintiff would
like to have the liability expert examine the hardness of the hardwood floor where the
Plaintiff made impact in order to advance the Plaintiff’s theory of causation. The Plaintiff
also asserted that an additional inspection was needed to review the location of the
cameras that were noted in the ice arena during the first inspection in November 2016 in
Galveston, Texas. The Plaintiff also asserts that at the time of the first inspection, the
Plaintiff was operating under the presumption that video footage of the incident in
question would be produced during discovery despite having already been told by the
Defendant that no such video footage exists. The Plaintiff argued that a second
inspection is necessary now that the Defendant has confirmed in formal discovery
responses that video footage does not exist, because the Plaintiff is exploring a possible
The Defendant asserted that an inspection of the hardwood floor is not relevant as
at the time of the first inspection, the Plaintiff sought inspection of the area of the
incident as alleged in the Complaint, and the Complaint does not mention the hardwood
floor as being involved in the incident. The Defendant argued that the Plaintiff has never
identified the stage floor as the location of the incident and the stage floor is not an issue
in the case. As related to the cameras, the Defendant asserted that the Defendant has
provided sworn answers that there were no cameras directed at the incident, and that the
Defendant had the opportunity to examine the cameras at the first inspection.
A second inspection of the ship to examine hardwood floor, that may or may not
have any relationship to the alleged injury in this case, would be disproportionate to the
needs of the case. There is no dispute that the flooring was hardwood, and to the extent
that an examination would be relevant, testimony regarding the hardness of the floor
would be the subject of expert testimony and the date for disclosure of expert testimony
has passed. Moreover, if the Plaintiff believed that the properties of the hardwood floor
were relevant to his claims, he should have sought the examination at the time of the first
inspection. The cameras were observed during the first inspection, and the Plaintiff is
not entitled to a second inspection. The Plaintiff’s request for second ship inspection is
D. Leave to Depose Additional Witnesses
The Plaintiff sought leave to depose additional witnesses beyond the ten
contemplated by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30. 1 The Plaintiff has already deposed
the Defendant, the Plaintiff’s son and daughter-in law (pursuant to cross notices), and his
own two experts (pursuant to cross-notices). He is seeking to depose three of
Defendant’s experts, three passengers who were involved in allegedly similar incidents,
the company that was involved with creating and distributing the video of the cruise
events, the Chief Security Director, the Cruise Director, two shipboard doctors, and two
At the hearing the Plaintiff asserted that the Plaintiff needed to depose the medical
personnel who treated the Plaintiff onboard the ship because if the Defendant succeeds
in striking the Plaintiff’s medical expert, the Plaintiff will need to rely on the testimony of
the medical personnel that treated the Plaintiff on the ship. The Plaintiff also asserted
that the Plaintiff needs to depose the Chief Security Officer as he is in charge of the
CCTVs, and the Plaintiff wishes to challenge or confirm the Defendant’s Corporate
Representative testimony regarding whether CCTV footage either exists or has ever
existed. The Plaintiff also asserted that the three passengers who were identified by the
Defendant as also having fallen in Studio B during the Quest Game may have been
involved in incidents substantially similar to the Plaintiff.
The Defendant asserted that the Chief Security Officer does not have relevant
information because the CCTVs were not directed to the area of the Plaintiff’s incident.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30 provides that a party must obtain leave of court to
take depositions if the parties have not stipulated to the additional depositions and, the
depositions sought would result in more than 10 depositions being taken or the
deponent has already been deposed in the case. Fed. R. Civ. P. 30 (a)(2)(A)(i) and (ii).
Additionally, the Defendant explained that the Chief Security Officer is no longer under
contract with the Defendant and is currently in Israel. 2 The Defendant also argued that
none of the other passengers’ incidents involve a passenger tripping on a chair while
exiting a row in the manner the Plaintiff alleges, and therefore their testimony is not
relevant. The Defendant explained that both shipboard doctors were no longer under
contract with the Defendant, were both out of the country, and both were not scheduled
to return to duty prior to the expiration of the discovery period. 3
For the purposes of determining the number of depositions scheduled by the
Plaintiff, the undersigned has elected to not include the depositions cross-noticed by the
Plaintiff. If the number or witnesses did not exceed ten, then all of the witnesses the
Plaintiff seeks to depose could be properly deposed. However, the Plaintiff was unable
to provide a particularized showing of the necessity of a number of the requested
depositions and thus was not entitled to the entirety of the relief requested. See e.g.
Gordilis v. Ocean Drive Limousines, Inc., No. 12–CV–24358, 2013 WL 6383973, at *1 (S.D.
Fla. Dec. 5, 2013) (“When depositions in excess of ten are sought, the party seeking the
depositions must justify the necessity of each deposition previously taken and must
make a particularized showing as to the necessity of the deposition sought”) (citing
Mazur v. Lampert, 04–61159, 2007 WL 676096, *1 (S.D. Fla. Feb. 28, 2007)).
The undersigned has considered each request on a person by person basis and
has determined that the Plaintiff shall be allowed to depose the Defendant’s three expert
witnesses, the three passengers identified by the Defendant as individuals who have
fallen in Studio B during a Quest Game (Smith, Sica, and Graeber), the Cruise Director
(Southgate), the imaging company involved with the creation and distribution of cruise
The next contract that the Chief Security Officer has been offered will begin on March
17, 2017, in Galveston, Texas.
One will be offered a contract beginning in May, and the other in June.
videos, and two medical personnel, Nurse Hazel Espinosa and Nurse Johanna Erasmus.
If the Plaintiff elects to depose Nurse Espinosa while Nurse Espinosa’s ship is docked in
Sydney, Australia, the Plaintiff shall arrange for an appropriate location for the
deposition to occur. The Defendant shall cooperate in locating suitable arrangements for
the deposition and contact the Defendant’s information technology department in an
effort to obtain information regarding the streaming capabilities onboard the ship.
As to the two shipboard doctors, because neither doctor is located in the United
States, and neither is currently under contract with the Defendant, there is insufficient
time remaining in the discovery period for the Plaintiff to serve and give proper notice to
the witnesses, especially in view of the crowded existing deposition schedule.4
Additionally, the testimony of the physicians would be somewhat cumulative of the
testimony that can be provided by the onboard treating nurses. 5
With respect to the Chief Security Officer, the ruling with respect to the shipboard
doctors applies. Like the physicians, the Chief Security Officer is no longer under
contract with the Defendant and is currently located in Israel, making proper notice of his
deposition impossible during the discovery period. His identity, as well as the potential
need for his testimony, has been known since at least December 2016. His testimony is
cumulative to that of the corporate representative, and any other testimony would not be
Local Rule 26.1(h) requires at least 14 days written notice to the parties and deponents
for out of state depositions. In the case at bar, the witnesses are not only out of state but
out of the country. The identities were known to the Plaintiff in ample time to timely
notice them and there is no indication that the witnesses would waive service of process
or otherwise appear voluntarily for their depositions. As related to the deposition of
other passengers who have fallen during a Quest Game who may be located out of state,
the Plaintiff was not dilatory in seeking to depose these individuals, instead the
Defendant was delayed in providing contact details to the Plaintiff.
If the Plaintiff wants to try and locate the physicians and can set the deposition(s)
within the existing discovery period, and does not exceed the ten-deposition limit, the
Plaintiff may do so, and then the Court will consider any undue burden argument, as well
as why compliance with Local Rule 26.1(h) should not be required. In addition, the
Plaintiff may substitute the physicians for the nurses, provided that the number of
shipboard medical personnel deposed does not exceed two.
relevant to the issues of the case, but rather to the Plaintiff’s attempt to establish a
spoliation claim for which the Plaintiff has not provided a basis. Based on these
circumstances, the Court will not grant leave to exceed the ten-deposition limit for the
purposes of deposing the Chief Security Officer.
The Plaintiff sought sanctions for the Defendant’s delay in producing contact
information regarding prior incidents of the passengers falling during the Quest Game.
The Plaintiff asserted that initially the Defendant claimed that there were no prior
incidents that were substantially similar. Later, the Plaintiff argues, the Defendant
produced information regarding prior incidents but did not produce addresses for the
passengers, preventing the Plaintiff from being able to subpoena the passengers. The
Plaintiff stated that the Defendant later produced addresses, but no phone numbers. The
Plaintiff stated that on February 10, 2017, phone numbers were produced.
At the hearing, the Plaintiff asserted that he spent between one and two hours
seeking the contact information of the passengers. He included in his calculation the
time spent drafting a notice of hearing regarding the request. Counsel for the Plaintiff
submitted that a rate of $150 per hour was a reasonable rate for the calculation of
Counsel for the Defendant asserted that she thought she had been in compliance
with the Court’s Order, and when the phone numbers were requested by the Plaintiff, she
provided them. Defendant’s counsel also noted that the Plaintiff has not yet paid for fees
and costs that had been awarded to the Defendant at prior hearings.
Because the Plaintiff had to spend additional time in seeking information that was
previously ordered by this Court, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37, the
Plaintiff shall be awarded fees associated with drafting a notice of hearing and calling
Defense counsel. These tasks could be accomplished in fifteen minutes; therefore, the
Plaintiff is awarded $37.50 based upon an hourly rate of $150. The $37.50 may be offset
from any prior award made in favor of the Defendants.
Accordingly, it is hereby
ORDERED that the Plaintiff’s request for second shipboard inspection is
DENIED. It is further
ORDERED that the Plaintiff shall be allowed to proceed with depositions in the
manner described above. It is further
ORDERED that the Plaintiff is awarded attorney’s fees in the amount of $37.50,
and such award shall be applied as an offset to those fees and costs previously awarded
to the Defendant.
DONE AND ORDERED in Miami, Florida, in chambers, on February 21, 2017.
ANDREA M. SIMONTON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Copies furnished to:
Honorable Kathleen M. Williams
All counsel of record via CM/ECF
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