Smith v. Department of Children and Families
ORDER DISMISSING CASE. Closing Case. Motions terminated: 4 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis filed by Leroy Smith, Jr., 5 MOTION for Referral to Volunteer Attorney Program filed by Leroy Smith, Jr.. Signed by Judge Darrin P. Gayles (hs01) NOTICE: If there are sealed documents in this case, they may be unsealed after 1 year or as directed by Court Order, unless they have been designated to be permanently sealed. See Local Rule 5.4 and Administrative Order 2014-69.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
Case No. 16-cv-25321-GAYLES
THE DEPARTMENT OF CHILDREN
ORDER DISMISSING CASE
THIS CAUSE comes before the Court on a sua sponte review of the record. Plaintiff
Leroy Smith, appearing pro se, filed this action on December 23, 2016 [ECF No. 1]. He also
filed a Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis the same day [ECF No. 4]. Because the
Plaintiff has moved to proceed in forma pauperis, the screening provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), are applicable. Pursuant to that statute, the court is permitted to dismiss a suit “any time  the court determines that . . . (B) the action or appeal (i) is
frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks
monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” Id. § 1915(e)(2).
The standards governing dismissals for failure to state a claim under § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii)
are the same as those governing dismissals under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Alba
v. Montford, 517 F.3d 1249, 1252 (11th Cir. 2008). To state a claim for relief, a pleading must
contain “(1) a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court’s jurisdiction . . . ; (2) a short
and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief; and (3) a demand
for the relief sought.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8. To survive a motion to dismiss, a claim “must contain
sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’”
Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544,
570 (2007)). “[T]he pleadings are construed broadly,” Levine v. World Fin. Network Nat’l Bank,
437 F.3d 1118, 1120 (11th Cir. 2006), and the allegations in the complaint are viewed in the light
most favorable to the plaintiff, Hawthorne v. Mac Adjustment, Inc., 140 F.3d 1367, 1370 (11th Cir.
1998). In reviewing the Complaint, the Court must apply the “liberal construction to which pro se
pleadings are entitled.” Holsomback v. White, 133 F.3d 1382, 1386 (11th Cir. 1998). However,
liberal construction cannot serve as a substitute to establishing a valid cause of action. See GJR
Invs., Inc. v. County of Escambia, 132 F.3d 1359, 1369 (11th Cir. 1998). At bottom, the question
is not whether the claimant “will ultimately prevail . . . but whether his complaint [is] sufficient
to cross the federal court’s threshold.” Skinner v. Switzer, 562 U.S. 521, 530 (2011).
The Court has reviewed Plaintiff’s filings and cannot discern whether Plaintiff intended his initial filing [ECF No. 1] to operate as a complaint.
To the extent Plaintiff in-
tended his initial filing to be a complaint, he fails to comply with the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure and the Local Rules of this Court and fails to adequately state any claim for relief.
Based thereon, it is
ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that this action is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE pursuant to Section 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
This action is CLOSED for administrative pur-
poses and all pending motions are DENIED as MOOT.
DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers at Miami, Florida, this 29th day of December, 2016.
DARRIN P. GAYLES
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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