Socarras Cordova v. Swacina et al
ORDER Adopting 31 Report and Recommendation and Granting Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment. Closing Case. Signed by Judge Federico A. Moreno on 9/9/2020. See attached document for full details. (mmc)
Case 1:19-cv-20533-FAM Document 36 Entered on FLSD Docket 09/09/2020 Page 1 of 2
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
Case Number: 19-20533-CIV-MORENO
YOEL SOCARRAS CORDOVA,
LINDA SWACINA, District Director for U.S.
Citizenship and Immigration Services
(USCIS); et al.,
ORDER ADOPTING MAGISTRATE JUDGE LOUIS’S REPORT AND
RECOMMENDATION AND ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR
THE MATTER was referred to the Honorable Lauren F. Louis, United States Magistrate
Judge, for a Report and Recommendation on the parties’ cross motions for summary judgment.
The Magistrate Judge filed a Report and Recommendation (D.E. 31). The Court has reviewed the
entire file and record. The Court has made a de novo review of the issues that the objections to
the Report and Recommendation present, and being otherwise fully advised in the premises, it is
ADJUDGED that United States Magistrate Judge Lauren F. Louis’s Report and
Recommendation is AFFIRMED and ADOPTED. After looking to the substance of the relief
that Plaintiff is seeking, the Court agrees with the conclusion that Plaintiff’s claim arising under
the Administrative Procedure Act (“APA”) is an indirect attack on the Immigration Judge’s order
of removal. In his objections, Plaintiff concedes as much, writing: “It is true, the approval of
Plaintiff’s application under the Cuban Adjustment Act (‘CAA’) would grant him status in the
United States.” “Where a plaintiff seeks relief that, if granted, would invalidate a removal order,
the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction and the claim must proceed through the channels
Case 1:19-cv-20533-FAM Document 36 Entered on FLSD Docket 09/09/2020 Page 2 of 2
prescribed by Congress, ending in a petition for review in the proper court of appeals.” Del
Carmen Espinosa v. Swacina, No. 19-21315, 2019 WL 6682836, at *2 (S.D. Fla. Dec. 6, 2019).
See also Singh v. U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Servs., 878 F.3d 441, 446 (2d Cir. 2017)
(“Singh’s APA claim seeks to require the USCIS to consider the merits of his adjustment-of-status
application. This is the first step in adjusting his status to that of a lawful permanent resident. If
he succeeded in becoming a lawful permanent resident, his pending removal order would, he
hopes, be rendered a nullity. . . . [8 U.S.C. §] 1252(a)(5)’s limitation applies here . . . .”).
That limitation applies here, as well, to strip the Court of subject matter jurisdiction. The
Immigration and Nationality Act states, in a section titled “[e]xclusive means of review,” that
“[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law . . . a petition for review filed with an appropriate
court of appeals . . . shall be the sole and exclusive means for judicial review of an order of removal
entered or issued under any provision of this chapter.” 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(5). Elsewhere, the
same act precludes district courts from hearing, with certain exceptions not applicable here, “any
cause or claim by . . . any alien arising from the decision . . . to commence proceedings, adjudicate
cases, or execute removal orders against any alien under this chapter.” 8 U.S.C. § 1252(g).
Having adopted the Report and Recommendation, it is
ADJUDGED that Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment (D.E. 28) is GRANTED,
and Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment (D.E. 25) is DENIED.
DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers at Miami, Florida, this 9th of September 2020.
FEDERICO A. MORENO
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Copies furnished to:
United States Magistrate Judge Lauren F. Louis
Counsel of Record
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