Florida Foundation Seed Producers Inc v. Georgia Farm Services LLC et al
ORDER granting 198 Motion in Limine.Ordered by Judge W. Louis Sands on 9/23/13 (wks)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
FLORIDA FOUNDATION SEED
GEORGIA FARMS SERVICES, LLC,
GREAT SOUTHERN PEANUT, LLC,
WILLIAM DOUGLAS WINGATE,
GEORGIA FARM SERVICES, LLC,
GEORGIA CROP IMPROVEMENT
CASE NO.: 1:10-CV-125 (WLS)
Presently pending before the Court is Plaintiff’s Motion in Limine. (Doc. 198.)
For the following reasons, Plaintiff’s Motion in Limine (Doc. 198) is GRANTED.
On September 23, 2010, Plaintiff brought suit against several Defendants alleging
violations of the Plant Variety Protection Act (“PVPA”), 7 U.S.C. § 2481, et seq. (Doc. 1
at ¶ 8.) Plaintiff alleged that it licenses the production of “Florida-07” peanut seed to
seed producers through a limited-use license, known as a “Seed Agreement.” (Id. at ¶
12.) Plaintiff claimed that it entered into a Seed Agreement with Georgia Farm Services,
LLC (“GFS”) on January 21, 2009. (Id. at ¶ 14.) Plaintiff alleged that Defendants
breached the Seed Agreement and the PVPA. (Id. at ¶¶ 15-16.)
In their Opposition to Plaintiff’s Motion for Partial Summary Judgment (Doc. 144
at 11) and Motion for Reconsideration (Doc. 181 at 4), Defendants argued that the sale of
seed into the edible market did not violate the PVPA or the Seed Agreement. In their
Motion for Reconsideration, in support of this contention, Defendants cited the
deposition testimony of four employees of different peanut shelling companies, Joe
West, Clarence “Buddy” Thomas, Joe Campbell, and Richard Crozier. (Id.) Defendants
now seek to introduce those witnesses’ deposition testimony at trial. (See Doc. 188.)
On October 11, 2012, Plaintiff filed the instant Motion in Limine seeking to limit
the introduction of the above-mentioned deposition testimony at trial. (Doc. 198 at 2.)
Plaintiff claims that their testimony should be excluded because it is extrinsic evidence
improperly intended to aid the jury in construing the Seed Agreement, which Plaintiff
contends has already been construed by this Court. (Id. at 1.) Plaintiff also contends
that the witnesses’ deposition testimony constitutes improper expert testimony. (Id. at
4.) Defendants have not filed a response. (See generally Docket.)
In Florida,1 courts are bound by clear and unambiguous contractual terms.
Emerald Point Prop. Owners’ Ass’n, Inc. v. Commercial Constr. Indus., Inc., 978 So. 2d
873, 877 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2008). Such contracts are to be construed by the court as a
matter of law. Lambert v. Berkley S. Condo. Ass’n, Inc., 680 So. 2d 588, 590 (Fla. Dist.
Ct. App. 1996) (citing BMW of N. Am., Inc. v. Krathen, 471 So. 2d 585 (Fla. Dist. Ct.
The Seed Agreement contains Florida choice of law provisions. Thus, Florida law governs the
interpretation of the Seed Agreement and Plaintiff’s contract claims.
App. 1985)). Extrinsic evidence, including industry custom and usage, may not be
introduced to vary, modify, or explain the terms of an unambiguous contract. Emerald
Point, 978 So. 2d at 877-78. “Whether a document is ambiguous depends upon whether
it is reasonably susceptible to more than one interpretation.” Lambert, 680 So. 2d at
590 (citing State Farm Fire & Cas. Co. v. De Londono, 511 So. 2d 604 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App.
Section 1(b) of the Seed Agreement defined “plant material” as “the entire plant
including all seed, cell matter and genetic material transferred or inherited.” (Doc. 124
at 1.) Section 2(a) states that “No Plant Material supplied, or originating from the Plant
Material produced under this Agreement, will be used for any purpose other than that
stated in this Agreement.” (Id.) Section 6(d) states that “the Licensed Plant Material
may only be sold as a class of Certified seed. In addition, all planting seed of the
Licensed Plant Material must be from a Certified class of seed.” (Id. at 3) (emphasis in
original). Thus, although the Seed Agreement distinguishes “planting seed,” its plain
language prohibits the transfer of the protected seed for any purpose.
Evidence is relevant if “it has any tendency to make a fact more or less probable
than it would be without the evidence; and the fact is of consequence in determining the
action.” FED. R. EVID. 401. The Court “may exclude relevant evidence if its probative
value is substantially outweighed by a danger of … unfair prejudice, confusing the
issues, misleading the jury, undue delay, wasting time, or needlessly presenting
cumulative evidence.” FED. R. EVID. 403. In this Court’s Order on the parties’ motions
for summary judgment (Doc. 180), and its Order Denying Defendants’ Motion for
Reconsideration (Doc. 212), the Court explained that the Seed Agreement is
unambiguous as a matter of law. (Doc. 180 at 13.) Extrinsic evidence may not be
introduced to vary or explain its plain terms. Emerald Point, 978 So. 2d at 877.
Furthermore, industry custom and usage regarding the use of the word “seed,”
and whether the seeds at issue were sold into the edible market, are irrelevant. This
Court has previously held that the PVPA and the Seed Agreement prohibit such
transfers. (See Doc. 212 at 3-5.) The presentation of testimony on these issues at trial
risks confusing the issues, misleading the jury, unduly delaying the trial, and wasting
time. FED. R. EVID. 403. The Court will not permit Defendants to importune the jury
with these matters.
Accordingly, Plaintiff’s Motion in Limine (Doc. 198) is GRANTED. Defendants
will not be permitted to present testimony relating to the interpretation of the
contractual language contained in the Seed Agreement. (Doc. 124.)
SO ORDERED, this _23rd_ day of September, 2013.
/s/ W. Louis Sands __________________
THE HONORABLE W. LOUIS SANDS,
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
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