Birston v. Primus et al

Filing 7

ORDER AND RECOMMENDATION re 1 Complaint filed by J. T. Birston. Objections to R&R due by 4/2/2007. Ordered by Judge Claude W. Hicks Jr. on 3/13/07. (Hicks, Claude)

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Birston v. Primus et al Doc. 7 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 1 of 9 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA MACON DIVISION J. T. BIRSTON, : : Plaintiff : : VS. : : Sheriff TOMLYN PRIMUS and Jail : Administrator MALINDA GRIFFIN, : : Defendants : ____________________________________ NO. 5:07-CV-68 (HL) ORDER & RECOMMENDATION Plaintiff J.T. BIRSTON has filed a pro se civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. 1983. His application to proceed in forma pauperis has been granted by separate order entered this date. Notwithstanding that plaintiff is being allowed to proceed IFP, he must nevertheless pay the full amount of the $350.00 filing fee as explained later in this order and recommendation. I. STANDARD OF REVIEW A. 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2) Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2), the Court is required to review complaints filed by prisoners against a governmental entity or its employees and dismiss any portion of the complaint the Court finds: (1) is frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. An action is frivolous when the plaintiff's legal theory or factual contentions lack an arguable basis either in law or fact. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). In determining whether a cause of action fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, as contemplated by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), the Court must dismiss "if as a matter of law `it is clear that no relief could be granted under any set of facts that could be proved consistent with the allegations,' . . . without regard to whether it is based on an outlandish legal theory or on a close but ultimately unavailing one." Neitzke, 490 U.S. at 327 (quoting Hishon v. King & Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 73 (1984)). Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 2 of 9 B. General Requirements of 42 U.S.C. 1983 In order to state a claim for relief under section 1983, a plaintiff must allege two elements. First, the plaintiff must allege that an act or omission deprived him of a right, privilege, or immunity secured by the Constitution of the United States. See Wideman v. Shallowford Community Hosp., Inc., 826 F.2d 1030, 1032 (11th Cir. 1987). Second, the plaintiff must allege that the act or omission was committed by a person acting under color of state law. Id. II. BACKGROUND Plaintiff Birston is currently confined in the Hancock County Jail in Sparta, Georgia. His complaint alleges that on February 7, 2007, Hancock County Sheriff deputies brought to the Hancock County Jail Quinton Jones, who allegedly suffers from AIDS and Tuberculosis ("TB"), and placed him in cell block 40 with other inmates, including plaintiff. According to plaintiff, Jones had an open wound and was coughing up blood which exposed plaintiff to both diseases. The following day, plaintiff complained about Jones to defendant Malinda Griffin and possibly requested that she move him to another cell. According to plaintiff, jail officials allegedly did not isolate Jones until the next day, February 9, 2007. (Jones has now been released from jail.) Plaintiff claims that he was ultimately placed in the same cell where Jones had been and appears to complain that prison officials did not clean the cell before placing plaintiff in said cell, further exposing plaintiff to AIDS and TB. The Court notes that plaintiff alleges no present injury as a result of said exposure. Plaintiff additionally asserts a host of conditions of confinement complaints, including exposure to asbestos and lead poisoning from rusty tables, hazardous outdoor conditions, and unsanitary conditions in the form of green and/or black fungus growth. Plaintiff seeks relief in the form of medical testing for TB, AIDS, and asbestos and lead poisoning. He also seeks $375,000 for his mental stress and pain and suffering, and payment of his medical expenses. Lastly, he seeks "emergency release [from jail] for denied medical treatments and testing." 2 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 3 of 9 III. DISCUSSION A. Release from Prison Release from prison is not available to plaintiff as relief under 42 U.S.C. 1983. If plaintiff wishes to challenge the fact or duration of his confinement, he must file a petition for writ of habeas corpus in this Court, after he has exhausted his available state remedies. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475 (1973). B. Exposure to AIDS Confinement in the same cell as an HIV-positive inmate does not violate the Eighth Amendment. See Bolton v. Goord, 992 F. Supp. 604, 628 (S.D.N.Y. 1998) (no injury resulting from exposure to HIV-positive inmate in double cell because HIV is not airborne or spread by casual contact). Although Jones allegedly had an open wound, plaintiff does not allege that he came in contact with the wound or Jones' blood. Plaintiff's claim that merely sharing the same cell with Jones for two days exposed plaintiff to an unreasonable risk of contracting AIDS is simply too speculative. See Goss v. Sullivan, 839 F. Supp. 1532, 1537 (D. Wyo.1993) (dismissing complaint alleging generalized fear of contracting AIDS from aggressive HIV-positive inmate but containing no evidence that infected inmate had specifically threatened plaintiff). Accordingly, it is RECOMMENDED that plaintiff's exposure to an AIDS-infected inmate claim be DISMISSED. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1), plaintiff may serve and file written objections to this recommendation with the district judge to whom this case is assigned, within ten (10) days after being served a copy of this order. C. Remaining Claims In contrast to AIDS, TB is contagious and exposure to it "can be such a serious risk to prisoners' health that failure to take protective measures violates the Constitution." High v. Doria, 1997 WL 733925 (N.D. Ill. 1997) (citing Forbes v. Edgar, 112 F.3d 262, 264 (7th Cir. 1997); Degidio v. Pung, 920 F.2d 525 (8th Cir. 1990); Lareau v. Manson, 651 F.2d 96, 109 (2d Cir. 1981)). 3 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 4 of 9 Because plaintiff Birston was directly exposed to Jones for only two days, it is unclear whether he will prevail on the merits. However, construing all facts in favor of plaintiff, the Court will allow this claim to go forward against defendants SHERIFF TOMLYN PRIMUS and JAIL ADMINISTRATOR MALINDA GRIFFIN. Likewise, the Court will allow plaintiff's condition of confinement claims against these same defendants to go forward. Accordingly, it is HEREBY ORDERED AND DIRECTED that service be made as provided by law upon said defendants and that they file a Waiver of Reply, an Answer, or such other response as may be appropriate under Rule 12 of the FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE, 28 U.S.C. 1915, and the Prison Litigation Reform Act. It is further ORDERED AND DIRECTED that a copy of this order be served upon plaintiff's custodian, if any. DUTY TO ADVISE OF ADDRESS CHANGE During the pendency of this action, each party shall at all times keep the Clerk of this court and all opposing attorneys and/or parties advised of his current address. FAILURE TO PROMPTLY ADVISE THE CLERK OF ANY CHANGE OF ADDRESS MAY RESULT IN THE DISMISSAL OF A PARTY'S PLEADINGS FILED HEREIN! L DUTY TO PROSECUTE ACTION Plaintiff is advised that he must diligently prosecute his complaint or face the possibility that it will be dismissed under Rule 41(b) of the FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE for failure to prosecute. Defendants are advised that they are expected to diligently defend all allegations made against them and to file timely dispositive motions as hereinafter directed. This matter will be set down for trial when the court determines that discovery has been completed and that all motions have been disposed of or the time for filing dispositive motions has passed. 4 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 5 of 9 FILING AND SERVICE OF MOTIONS, PLEADINGS, DISCOVERY AND CORRESPONDENCE It is the responsibility of each party to file original motions, pleadings, and correspondence with the Clerk of court; to serve copies of all motions, pleadings, discovery, and correspondence (including letters to the Clerk or to a judge) upon opposing parties or counsel for opposing parties if they are represented; and to attach to said original motions and pleadings filed with the Clerk a CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE indicating who has been served and where (i.e., at what address), when service was made, and how service was accomplished (i.e., by U. S. Mail, by personal service, etc.). THE CLERK OF COURT WILL NOT SERVE OR FORWARD COPIES OF SUCH MOTIONS, PLEADINGS, AND CORRESPONDENCE ON BEHALF OF THE PARTIES! DISCOVERY PLAINTIFF SHALL NOT COMMENCE DISCOVERY UNTIL AN ANSWER OR DISPOSITIVE MOTION HAS BEEN FILED ON BEHALF OF THE DEFENDANTS FROM WHOM DISCOVERY IS SOUGHT BY THE PLAINTIFF. THE DEFENDANTS SHALL NOT COMMENCE DISCOVERY UNTIL SUCH TIME AS AN ANSWER OR DISPOSITIVE MOTION HAS BEEN FILED. Once an answer or dispositive motion has been filed, the parties are authorized to seek discovery from one another as provided in the FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE. The deposition of the plaintiff, a state prisoner, may be taken at any time during the time period hereinafter set out provided prior arrangements are made with his custodian. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that discovery (including depositions and interrogatories) shall be completed WITHIN 90 DAYS from the date of filing of an ANSWER or DISPOSITIVE MOTION by the defendant(s), unless an extension is otherwise granted by the court upon a showing of good cause therefor or a protective order is sought by the defendants and granted by the court. This 90 DAY period shall run separately as to each plaintiff and each defendant beginning on the date of filing of each defendant's answer/dispositive motion. The scheduling of a trial herein may be advanced upon notification from the parties that no further discovery is contemplated or that discovery has been completed prior to the deadline. 5 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 6 of 9 DISCOVERY MATERIALS SHALL NOT BE FILED WITH THE CLERK OF COURT. NO PARTY SHALL BE REQUIRED TO RESPOND TO ANY DISCOVERY SERVED UPON HIM BY THE OPPOSING COUNSEL/PARTY! NOT DIRECTED TO HIM OR The undersigned incorporates herein those parts of the Local Rules imposing the following limitations on discovery: except with written permission of the court first obtained, INTERROGATORIES may not exceed TWENTY-FIVE (25) to each party, REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS AND THINGS OF under Rule 34 of the FEDERAL RULES CIVIL PROCEDURE may not exceed TEN (10) requests to each party, and under Rule 36 of the FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE may not REQUESTS FOR ADMISSIONS exceed FIFTEEN (15) requests to each party. No party shall be required to respond to any such requests which exceed these limitations. REQUESTS FOR DISMISSAL AND/OR JUDGMENT Dismissal of this action or requests for judgment will not be considered by the court absent the filing of a SEPARATE MOTION therefor accompanied by a brief/memorandum of law citing supporting authorities. DISPOSITIVE MOTIONS should be filed at the earliest time possible, but in any event no later than THIRTY (30) DAYS after the close of discovery unless otherwise directed by the court. DIRECTIONS TO CUSTODIAN OF PLAINTIFF Following the payment of the required initial partial filing fee or the waiving of the payment of same, the Warden of the institution wherein plaintiff is incarcerated, or the Sheriff of any county wherein he is held in custody, and any successor custodians, shall each month cause to be remitted to the Clerk of this court twenty percent (20%) of the preceding month's income credited to plaintiff's account at said institution until the $350.00 filing fee has been paid in full. In accordance with provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, plaintiff's custodian is hereby authorized to forward payments from the prisoner's account to the Clerk of Court each month until the filing fee is paid in full, provided the amount in the account exceeds $10.00. 6 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 7 of 9 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED AND DIRECTED that collection of monthly payments from plaintiff's trust fund account shall continue until the entire $350.00 has been collected, notwithstanding the dismissal of plaintiff's lawsuit or the granting of judgment against him prior to the collection of the full filing fee. PLAINTIFF'S OBLIGATION TO PAY FILING FEE Pursuant to provisions of the Prison Litigation Reform Act, in the event plaintiff is hereafter released from the custody of the State of Georgia or any county thereof, he shall remain obligated to pay any balance due on the filing fee in this proceeding until said amount has been paid in full; plaintiff shall continue to remit monthly payments as required by the Prison Litigation Reform Act. Collection from the plaintiff of any balance due on the filing fee by any means permitted by law is hereby authorized in the event plaintiff is released from custody and fails to remit payments. In addition, plaintiff's complaint is subject to dismissal if he has the ability to make monthly payments and fails to do so. ELECTION TO PROCEED BEFORE THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE Under Local Rule 72, all prisoner complaints filed under provisions of 42 U.S.C. 1983 are referred to a full-time United States Magistrate Judge for this district for consideration of all pretrial matters. In addition, 28 U.S.C. 636(c)(1) authorizes and empowers full-time magistrate judges to conduct any and all proceedings in a jury or nonjury civil matter and to order the entry of judgment in a case upon the written consent of all of the parties. Whether the parties elect to proceed before a magistrate judge or retain their right to proceed before a U. S. district judge is strictly up to the parties themselves. 7 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 8 of 9 L After the filing of responsive pleadings by the defendants, the Clerk of court is directed to provide ELECTION FORMS to the parties and/or to their legal counsel, if represented. Upon receipt of the ELECTION FORMS, each party shall cause the same to be executed and returned to the Clerk's Office WITHIN FIFTEEN (15) DAYS. Counsel may execute ELECTION FORMS on behalf of their clients provided they have such permission from their clients. However, counsel must specify on the ELECTION FORMS on whose behalf the form is executed. SO ORDERED AND RECOMMENDED, this 13th day of MARCH, 2007. CLAUDE W. HICKS, JR. UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 8 Case 5:07-cv-00068-HL-CWH Document 7 Filed 03/13/2007 Page 9 of 9 ADDENDUM TO ORDER NOTICE TO ALL PARTIES PURSUANT TO THE COURT'S ORDER REGARDING DISCOVERY SET OUT ABOVE, NO DISCOVERY SHALL BE PERMITTED IN THIS CASE UNTIL AN ANSWER OR DISPOSITIVE MOTION (e.g., MOTION TO DISMISS, MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT, MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS) HAS BEEN FILED BY THE DEFENDANT. PURSUANT TO THE FEDERAL RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE, DISCOVERY (DEPOSITIONS, INTERROGATORIES, REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS AND THINGS, REQUESTS FOR ADMISSIONS, ETC., AND RESPONSES THERETO) SHALL NOT BE FILED WITH THE CLERK OF COURT. NOTE THAT THIS IS A CHANGE IN THE PROCEDURE HERETOFORE FOLLOWED IN THIS DISTRICT. DO NOT FILE ANY DISCOVERY WITH THE COURT UNLESS YOU ARE SPECIFICALLY DIRECTED TO DO SO BY THE COURT OR UNLESS FILING IS NECESSARY TO SUPPORT OR CONTEST A MOTION TO COMPEL DISCOVERY, OBJECTION TO DISCOVERY, DISPOSITIVE MOTION, OR SIMILAR MOTION. THE CLERK IS DIRECTED TO RETURN ANY SUBMITTED DISCOVERY TO THE PARTY SUBMITTING IT UNLESS IT IS FILED PURSUANT TO AN ORDER OF THE COURT OR IN SUPPORT OF A MOTION TO COMPEL, OBJECTION TO DISCOVERY, DISPOSITIVE MOTION, OR SIMILAR MOTION. 9

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