Spikes v. Butts et al
ORDER granting 32 Motion for Summary Judgment. Ordered by Judge Hugh Lawson on 8/3/2010. (nbp)
Spikes v. Butts et al
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FO R THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA M AC O N DIVISION G R E G O R Y SPIKES P lain tiff, v. JO N ATH AN BUTTS AND LIE U TEN AN T PHILIP LOCKETT, D ef en d an t s. _______________________________ : : : : : : : : : : :
C ivil Action No. 5:0 8-C V -131(H L)
B efore the Court is Defendant Lt. Philip Lockett's ("Lt. Lockett") Motion for S um m ary Judgment (Doc. 32). For the following reasons, the motion is granted. I. P LAIN TIFF'S FAILURE TO RESPOND Plaintiff Gregory Spikes ("Spikes") did not file a response to Lt. Lockett's motion for summary judgment. Based on this failure, the Court could find the motion
uno ppos ed and grant summary judgment in favor of Lt. Lockett. In an exercise of fairnes s , however, the Court has reviewed the evidentiary record to determine whether there are any genuine issues of material fact relating to Lt. Lockett. II. FAC TU AL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND In his complaint, Spikes claims he was attacked by Defendant Jonathan Butts ("Butts ") and Lt. Lockett, correctional officers at Bostick State Prison ("Bostick"). Spikes was a prisoner at Bostick. As part of his prison duties, he worked in the pris on kitchen. (Spikes Dep. at 29). Butts was Spikes' supervisor. (Id. at 33-34). In
his deposition, Spikes testified that on February 12, 2008, he reported for kitchen work. (Id. at 55). Spikes told Butts that he did not feel well and was in a lot of pain. (Id.). In res pons e, Butts started "cussing [Spikes] out, telling [him], well, you can go back to the dorm . . . ." (Id.). Reacting to Butts' remarks, Spikes turned around and began to leave. (Id. at 56). Butts then grabbed Spikes, pushed him down, and hit him in the mouth. (Id.). Butts called security officers for assistance (Id. at 56-57). Security officers arriv ed and handcuffed Spikes. (Id. at 57). A security officer also began videotapping S pik es . (Id. at 57). Lt. Lockett arrived on the scene after Spikes had been handcuffed (Loc k ett Dep. at 13). The officers took Spikes to the infirmary. (Spikes Dep. at 61; Lockett Dep. At 30). Lt. Lockett remained behind to question witnesses about what happened between S pik es and Butts. (Lockett Dep. At 30). A. Spikes' Version of the Events After Arriving at the Infirmary
W hile in the infirmary, Spikes testified he was treated by a nurse who told him he would be alright. (Spikes Dep. at 62). She placed a band-aid on him, but did not c lean the blood off of him. (Id. at 64). He said that his mouth was bleeding and that the blood got all over his mouth and clothes. (Id.). Spikes testified that after he was treated at the infirmary, Lt. Lockett took him to the security office. (Id. at 64-65). Lt. Lockett closed the door to the security office. (Id. at 65). Lt. Lockett proceeded to pick up Spikes and throw him down. (Id.). Spikes' head 2
hit the concrete floor and his forehead started bleeding. (Id.). Spikes' testimony was that Lt. Lockett also put his knee in the back of Spikes' head. (Id.). inj ur ies on the right side of his forehead. (Id. at 68). Following the attack, security officers arrived to take Spikes to an administrative s eg reg ation cell. (Id. at 66). Spikes was stripped searched in the cell. (Id.). B. The Video's Version of the Events After Spikes Arrived at the In f ir m ar y Spikes incurred
In direct contrast to Spikes' version of the events is the events shown on video.1 T he video was made as part of Bostick's normal practices and procedures to document ev ents following an inmate's injury caused by an altercation between the inmate and another inmate or a staff member. (Cook Aff. ¶ 3). There is no evidence showing the v ideo was tampered with or altered. Spikes does not contend that the video does not depic t the events differently from what happened. T he video begins with Spikes waiting to be treated at the infirmary. Blood can be seen flowing down his nose. There is no blood seen on his white clothing. Nurses c leaned his eye brow area and his lip. A nurse took his temperature and another as k ed him questions about his contact with persons potentially having sexually trans m itted infections. He was in the infirmary for about twelve minutes. Spikes' medical record contains a report incident describing Spikes' injuries
The video was copied to a compact disc and was attached as an exhibit to the a ffid a v it of Captain John Cook (Doc. 38). The affidavit was filed in support of Lt. L o c ke tt's motion for summary judgment.
caused by Butts' alleged attack. It describes an injury to his right eye brow and lower lip. (Lockett's Statement of Material Facts Ex. 5, Doc. 33-8). Following his treatment, the video shows that Spikes was led from the infirmary to an administrative segregation cell by two officials. A third person carried the video c am era and filmed Spikes. The walk from the infirmary to the segregation cell lasted about four minutes. Once Spikes was in the cell, but before it was locked, the officers s tripped searched Spikes. After the search, the officers left the cell, locked it, and told S pik es to get dressed. A t no point during the video was there a pause or a skip in events. The
m om ents flowed continuously. According to the video, Spikes was never led into the s ec ur ity office by Lt. Lockett. The video does not show Lt. Lockett in Spikes' presence or attacking Spikes. C. Procedural History S pik es brought a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action against Lt. Lockett and Butts claiming they used excessive force against him in violation of the Eighth Amendment (Doc. 1). Specifically, Spikes claims that Lt. Lockett used excessive force when he attacked S pik es in the security office and that Butts used excessive force when he threw Spikes to the floor in response to Spikes explaining that he did not feel well. The Court denied the Lt. Lockett's and Butts' motions to dismiss (Doc. 15). Before the Court is Lt. Lockett's motion for summary judgment. He seeks judgment as a matter of law on Spikes' claims against him and asserts he is entitled to qualified 4
immunity. Butts has not filed a motion for summary judgment. III. AN AL Y S IS A. The Summary Judgment Standard
Summary judgment must be granted if "the pleadings, the discovery and dis c los ur e materials on file, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as t o any material facts and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). In ruling on a defendant's motion for summary judgment, the c our t takes the facts in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Stanley v. City of Dalton, 2 1 9 F.3d 1280, 1287 (11th Cir. 2000). The court may not, however, make credibility determ inations or weigh the evidence. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255, 106 S. Ct. 2505, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986). The initial burden lies on the movant to demonstrate that the nonmovant lacks ev idenc e to support an essential element of its claim. Lowe v. Aldridge, 958 F.2d 1565, 1569 (11th Cir. 1992). The movant must identify "those portions of the pleadings, depos itions , answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidav its , if any, which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of m aterial fact." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323, 106 S.Ct. 2548, 91 L.Ed.2d 265 (1986) (internal quotation marks omitted). If the moving party meets his burden, then the burden shifts to the nonmovant, who must come forward with some evidence that would allow a jury to find in his favor, ev e n if the parties dispute that evidence. Lowe, 958 F.2d at 1569. "When opposing 5
parties tell two different stories, one of which is blatantly contradicted by the record, so tha t no reasonable jury could believe it, a court should not adopt that version of the fac ts for purposes of ruling on a motion for summary judgment." Scott v. Harris, 550 U .S . 372, 380, 127 S. Ct. 1769, 1176 (2007) (citation and quotations omitted). Thus, "[w]here the record taken as a whole could not lead a rational trier of fact to find for the nonm ov ing party, there is no genuine issue for trial." Id. In this case, Spikes' version of the events is so contradictory to the events depic ted in the video. Therefore, the Court will not adopt his version of the events and ins tead will adopt the version of the events described in the video. Finding no genuine is s ue for trial, summary judgment is granted to Lt. Lockett. B. N o Genuine Issue for Trial
It is clear from the video that Lt. Lockett did not violate the Eighth Amendment. The use of excessive force violates the Eighth Amendment. Skritch v. Thornton, 280 F.3d 1295, 1301 (11th Cir. 2002). Logically, however, there cannot be an Eighth A m endm ent violation if no force was applied. Spikes' testimony is that after he was treated at the infirmary, he was attacked by Lt. Lockett in the security office. While the testimony states an Eighth Amendment c laim , it is completely contradicted by the video evidence. According to the video, S pik es was taken from the infirmary directly to an administrative segregation cell. He was never taken to the security office. Lt. Lockett did not appear on the video. Further, during the walk from the infirmary to the segregation cell no force was 6
used against Spikes. To be sure, Spikes was handcuffed and escorted by two officials, but that alone does not show an Eighth Amendment violation. "Restraints on an inmate d o not violate the [Eighth] amendment unless they are `totally without penological j us tific ation,' `grossly disproportionate,' or `involve the unnecessary and wanton inflic tion of pain." Smith v. Coughlin, 748 F.2d 783, 787 (2d Cir. 1984) (quoting Rhodes v . Chapman, 452 U.S. 337, 346, 101 S. Ct. 2392, 69 L.Ed.2d 59 (1980)). Spikes has not alleged that the use of handcuffs was unnecessary, disproportionate, or without j us tific ation. Moreover, Spikes' testimony regarding the injuries he sustained from Lt. Loc k ett's attack contradict the video evidence. Spikes testified that following the attack his forehead was bleeding and prior to the attack he only had a mouth injury. The v ideo and the medical report , however, show that he had a forehead injury at the time he was treated in the infirmary. It is clear that Spikes received his forehead injury prior to treatment at the infirmary and not, as he testified, after he left the infirmary and was attac k ed by Lt. Lockett. In sum, the record evidence shows that Lt. Lockett was not in Spikes' presence following treatment at the infirmary and that Lt. Lockett never attacked Spikes. Spikes' t es tim ony is so contradictory to the record that no reasonable jury could believe him. Finding no genuine issue of fact as to whether Lt. Lockett used excessive force ag ains t Spikes, summary judgment is granted to Lt. Lockett.
Q ualified Immunity
Lt. Lockett is entitled to qualified immunity and to be dismissed from the case. Qualified immunity provides "complete protection for government officials sued in their indiv idual capacities if their conduct does not violate clearly established statutory or c ons titutional rights of which a reasonable person would have known." Vinyard v. W ils on, 311 F.3d 1340, 1346 (11th Cir.2002) (citation and quotations omitted). There is a two-part test to determine whether a defendant is entitled to qualified immunity. Firs t, a court asks "whether [the] plaintiff's allegations, if true, establish a constitutional v io la t io n." Id. (citation omitted). Second, a court asks "whether the right was clearly es tablis hed." Id. (citations omitted). Spikes has not created a genuine issue of material fact as to whether Lt. Lockett v iolated the Eighth Amendment. As a result, he fails the first part of the qualified im m unity test. Lt. Lockett is therefore entitled to qualified immunity and is dismissed from this case. S O ORDERED, this the 3rd day of August, 2010. s/ Hugh Lawson HUGH LAWSON, SENIOR JUDGE lmc
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