STERLING v. SELLERS et al
ORDER DENYING as moot 44 Motion for Leave to Appeal in forma pauperis; GRANTING 55 Motion for Extension of Time to File OBJECTION; ADOPTING 48 Report and Recommendations; and DENYING 40 Daker's Motion to Intervene. Any motion to proceed IFP on appeal is DENIED. Ordered by US DISTRICT JUDGE MARC THOMAS TREADWELL on 10/18/2017. (tlh)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
ERIC SELLARS, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:16-CV-13 (MTT)
Waseem Daker moved to intervene in this matter on June 20, 2017 (Doc. 40),
and United States Magistrate Judge Stephen Hyles denied that motion on the next day
(Doc. 41). Daker then filed a Motion for Reconsideration (Doc. 43), a Notice of Appeal
(Doc. 42), and a Motion for Leave to Appeal In Forma Pauperis (IFP) (Doc. 44)
regarding that denial. On July 7, 2017, this Court granted that Motion for
Reconsideration and vacated the Magistrate Judge’s denial so that the Magistrate
Judge could enter a Report and Recommendation explaining his bases for denying the
motion to intervene. Doc. 47. Daker’s Motion for Leave to Appeal IFP (Doc. 44) is
therefore DENIED as moot.
Before the Court now is the Magistrate Judge’s recommendation that Daker’s
Motion to Intervene be denied because (1) he does not have a right to intervene and (2)
permissive intervention is inappropriate because Daker is attempting to circumvent the
“three strikes” provision of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA). After the time to
object had run, Daker requested an extension of time to amend (Doc. 55) and then filed
an Objection (Doc. 58). The Court GRANTS the Motion for Extension of Time to File
Objection (Doc. 55) and considers Daker’s Objection. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1), the Court has conducted a de novo review of the portions of the
recommendation to which Daker objects and ADOPTS the findings, conclusions, and
recommendations of the Magistrate Judge. Accordingly, Daker’s Motion to Intervene
(Doc. 47) is DENIED.1
MOTIONS TO PROCEED IFP ON APPEAL
Because Daker has already filed a notice of appeal and motion to appeal IFP in
this case and at least one other case in which he attempted to intervene,2 the Court
anticipates he may do so again. To proceed IFP on appeal, Daker must prove (1) he is
financially unable to pay the filing fee and (2) that the appeal is taken in good faith. See
28 U.S.C. § 1915; Fed. R. App. P. 24. “‘[G]ood faith’ . . . must be judged by an objective
standard.” Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 445 (1962). A party
demonstrates good faith when he seeks review of a non-frivolous issue. Id. An issue
“is frivolous if it is ‘without arguable merit either in law or fact.’” Napier v. Preslicka, 314
F.3d 528, 531 (11th Cir. 2002) (citations omitted). “Arguable means capable of being
convincingly argued.” Sun v. Forrester, 939 F.2d 924, 925 (11th Cir. 1991) (quotation
Further, the Court notes that the PLRA’s “three strikes” provision may bar Daker from intervening in this
case. Once a prisoner obtains “three strikes,” which, as the Magistrate Judge notes, Daker has done,
that prisoner is barred from bringing a civil law suit in forma pauperis. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). So, following
a third meritless suit, “[a] prisoner must pay the full filing fee at the time he initiates suit.” Vanderberg v.
Donaldson, 259 F.3d 1321, 1324 (11th Cir. 2001). Moreover, the PLRA requires each prisoner who is a
party to a lawsuit to pay the full filing fee. Hubbard v. Haley, 262 F.3d 1194, 1198 (11th Cir. 2001). Here,
Daker seeks to intervene in this matter—and thus he seeks to become a party to the law suit—without
paying the filing fee. Allowing him to do so may therefore conflict with the PLRA’s “three strikes”
provision. Accordingly, the PLRA’s bar may supersede a right to intervene in this matter pursuant to Rule
24. See Hubbard, 262 F.3d at 1198 (“[T]o the extent that the Rules Enabling Act . . . actually conflicts
with the PLRA, we hold that the statute repeals the Rule.”); Mitchell v. Farcass, 112 F.3d 1483, 1489
(11th Cir. 1997) (finding that when a rule under the Rules Enabling Act, specifically Fed. R. App. P. 24,
directly conflicts with the PLRA then “the statute repeals the rule”).
Gumm v. Jacobs, Case No. 5:15-cv-41, Doc. 105 (M.D. Ga. Oct. 2, 2017).
marks and citations omitted); Carroll v. Gross, 984 F.2d 392, 393 (11th Cir. 1993) (“[A]
case is frivolous . . . when it appears the plaintiff ‘has little or no chance of success.’”
(citations omitted)). “In deciding whether an IFP appeal is frivolous, a district court
determines whether there is ‘a factual and legal basis, of constitutional dimension, for
the asserted wrong, however inartfully pleaded.’” Sun, 939 F.2d at 925 (citations
omitted). In this case, there are no non-frivolous issues to raise on appeal, and thus
any appeal would not be taken in good faith. Accordingly, any motion to proceed IFP on
appeal is DENIED.
SO ORDERED, this 18th day of October, 2017.
S/ Marc T. Treadwell
MARC T. TREADWELL
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
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