EVERETT v. GEORGIA STATE OF et al
ORDER dismissing the Petition without prejudice. The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to furnish Petitioner with the application form required by the Eleventh Circuit for leave to file a successive habeas petition. Ordered by US DISTRICT JUDGE C ASHLEY ROYAL on 5/5/17. (lap)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
RON C EVERETT,
GEORGIA STATE OF, et. al.,
Petitioner Ron C. Everett has filed a pro se “Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § Section 2241(c)(3).” ECF. No. 1. Under the rules governing
habeas corpus actions 1 ,
district courts are required to promptly examine every
application filed and thereafter enter a summary dismissal if it “plainly appears from the
petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district
court.” § 2254 Rules, R. 4; see also McFarland v. Scott, 512 U.S. 849, 856 (1994)
(“Federal courts are authorized to dismiss summarily any habeas petition that appears
legally insufficient on its face[.]”); 28 U.S.C. § 2243.
Federal district courts thus have a
duty “to screen out frivolous applications and eliminate the burden that would be placed
on the respondent by ordering an unnecessary answer.” § 2254 Rules, R. 4 advisory
Rule 1(b) of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts provides that
the Section 2254 Rules are also applicable to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 cases.
As a part of this obligatory screening, the Court also reviews its own records to
ensure that the petition is not barred, under 28 U.S.C. § 2244, as a second or successive
The relevant statute, § 2244(b)(3)(A), specifically requires a petitioner to seek
and obtain authorization from the Court of Appeals to file a second or successive habeas
petition in the district court.
Without such authorization, the district court lacks
jurisdiction to consider the petition.
See Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 152-57
(2007); Williams v. Chatman, 510 F.3d 1290, 1295 (11th Cir. 2007).
Petitioner was convicted in the Superior Court of Chatham County in 2007 of
robbery by force, aggravated assault, kidnapping, and elder abuse. Everett v. State, 297
Ga. App. 351, 351 (2009). He challenges that state court conviction arguing that it was
obtained in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
Petitioner’s claim is therefore subject to the procedural restrictions applicable to Section
2254 actions. See Medberry v. Crosby, 351 F.3d 1049 (11th Cir. 2003) (explaining
history of and difference between Section 2254 and 2241); Antonelli v. Warden, U.S.P.
Atlanta, 542 F.3d 1348, 1351 (11th Cir. 2008) (a prisoner may “not avoid the various
procedural restriction imposed on § 2254 petitions . . . by nominally bringing suit under §
2241”); Thomas v. Crosby, 371 F.3d 782, 787 (11th Cir. 2004) (collateral attack of
custody pursuant to a state court judgment is subject to Section 2254 and the procedural
This is at least Petitioner’s fourth federal habeas petition attacking his 2007
Chatham County conviction. Petitioner’s first federal habeas petition was brought in the
Southern District of Georgia and was dismissed as untimely. See Everett v. Barrow,
4:12-cv-73-WTM-GRS, ECF. No. 16 (S.D. Ga. 2012). The Eleventh Circuit Court of
Appeals denied Petitioner’s certificate of appealability. Id. at ECF. No. 23. Petitioner
subsequently filed two applications for writ of habeas corpus in this district, both of which
Petitioner framed as being brought under Section 2241(c)(3). See Everett v. Barrow,
5:13-cv-289-MTT-CHW (M.D. Ga. 2013); Everett v. Conley, 5:15-cv-166-MTT-CHW
(M.D. Ga. 2015). Those petitions were dismissed as successive under 28 U.S.C. §
2244(b)(3)(A). The instant action is also second or successive within the meaning of
There is no indication that the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals has granted
Petitioner permission to file a successive habeas petition. Absent authorization, this Court
lacks jurisdiction to consider the instant petition, and it is properly dismissed for lack of
jurisdiction. See Carter v. U.S., 405 F. App’x. 409, 410 (11th Cir. 2010) (vacating
dismissal of motion to vacate and remanding to district court “to dismiss the motion for a
lack of jurisdiction”).
It is therefore ORDERED that the instant petition be DISMISSED WITHOUT
PREJUDICE to Petitioner’s right to file, in the Eleventh Circuit, a motion for leave to
file a second or successive habeas petition pursuant to section 2244(b)(3)(A).
of Court is DIRECTED to furnish Petitioner with the application form required by the
Eleventh Circuit for leave to file a successive habeas petition.2
SO ORDERED, this 5th day of May, 2017.
S/ C. Ashley Royal
C. ASHLEY ROYAL, SENIOR JUDGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
Dismissal of a habeas petition as second or successive does not constitute a final order for
purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c). See Bolin v. Sec’y, Fla Dept. of Corr., 628 F. App’x 728, 730
(11th Cir. 2016). Accordingly, the Court need not address whether Petitioner is entitled to a
Certificate of Appealability.
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