MANSON v. PORTFOLIO RECOVERY ASSOCIATES LLC
ORDER GRANTING in part and DENYING in part 10 Motion for Attorney Fees. The Court finds that the Plaintiff's request should be reduced by 7.1 hours; the Defendant owes the Plaintiff $5,825 (23.3 hours at $250 per hour) in reasonable attorney's fees and $431.24 in reasonable costs. Accordingly, the Defendant is ORDERED to pay the Plaintiff $6,256.24. Ordered by US DISTRICT JUDGE MARC THOMAS TREADWELL on 9/25/2017. (tlh)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
PORTFOLIO RECOVERY ASSOCS.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:17-CV-194 (MTT)
The Plaintiff has moved for attorney’s fees in this Fair Debt Collection Practices
Act case in which the Plaintiff accepted the Defendant’s offer of judgment of $1,001.
Docs. 8; 10. The Plaintiff requests $8,031.24: $7,600 in attorney’s fees (30.4 hours at
$250 per hour) and $431.24 in costs. Doc. 10. The Defendant argues that the Plaintiff
is only entitled to $2,845. Doc. 11 at 22. As discussed below, the Court finds that the
Plaintiff’s claim should be reduced by 7.1 hours, and she should be awarded $5,825
(23.3 hours at $250 per hour) and $431.24 in reasonable costs. Accordingly, the
Defendant is ORDERED to pay the Plaintiff $6,256.24.
On May 21, 2017, the Plaintiff filed this action. Doc. 1. The Plaintiff claimed that
the Defendant (1) “violated the FDCPA by sending letters containing false
representations, misleading representations, and engaging in deceptive means in
furtherance of their debt collection business, seeking to collect amounts not authorized
by contract or statute, and engaging in unfair and unconscionable acts as described
hereinabove;” (2) “violated the [Georgia Fair Business Practices Act] by violating the
FDCPA;” and (3) “is liable for the negligence of its employees, attorneys, and agents.”
Id. at ¶¶ 38, 44, 51. On June 21, the Plaintiff accepted the Defendant’s offer of
judgment in the amount of $1,001 in “statutory and actual damages.” Doc. 8 at 1. The
accepted offer of judgment also awarded “attorney’s fees and costs . . . to be fixed by
the Court in accordance with applicable law if the parties cannot agree on an amount,”
and it specified that “[t]his offer contemplates all of Plaintiff’s claims asserted against
Defendant.” Doc. 8-1 at ¶¶ 3-4. On June 30, the Clerk of Court entered judgment in
favor of the Plaintiff and against the Defendant. Doc. 9.
The parties were unable to agree on attorney’s fees and costs, and the Plaintiff
has moved the Court to award attorney’s fees. The Plaintiff asserts that attorney’s fees
and costs in the amount of $8,031.24 are due. Doc. 10. The Defendant counters that
the Court should reduce the claimed award to $2,845. Doc. 11.
Attorney’s Fees and Costs Standard
“[T]he costs of the action, together with a reasonable attorney’s fee as
determined by the court,” are available for prevailing plaintiffs under the FDCPA. 15
U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3). “The starting point for determining the amount of a reasonable
fee is the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation multiplied by a
reasonable hourly rate.” Bivins v. Wrap It Up, Inc., 548 F.3d 1348, 1350 (11th Cir.
2008) (citation and quotation marks omitted).1 This number is called the “lodestar,” and
In Bivens, the district court had determined attorney’s fees under § 1988, not the FDCPA. Bivens, 548
F.3d at 1350. But the Supreme Court has observed that Congress generally patterns attorney’s fees
provisions of new statutes on those provisions of pre-existing statutes and “[t]he standards set forth in this
“there is a strong presumption that the lodestar is the reasonable sum the attorneys
deserve.” Id. (citation and quotation marks omitted). The district court should exclude
“hours that were not reasonably expended,” such as work that was “excessive,
redundant, or otherwise unnecessary.” Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 434 (1983).
In determining whether a lodestar is reasonable, the district court should consider
twelve factors enumerated in Johnson v. Georgia Highway Express, Inc.: (1) the time
and labor required, (2) the novelty and difficulty, (3) the skill required to perform the
legal service properly, (4) the opportunity cost of the attorney’s inability to work on other
cases as a result of accepting this one, (5) the customary fee, (6) whether the fee is
fixed or contingent, (7) time limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances, (8)
the amount of money at issue and the results obtained, (9) the experience and ability of
the attorneys, (10) the undesirability of the case, (11) the nature and length of the
professional relationship with the client, and (12) attorney’s fee awards in similar cases.
488 F.2d 714, 717-19 (5th Cir. 1974)2; overruled on other grounds by Blancher v.
Bergeron, 489 U.S. 87 (1989); see also Blancher, 489 U.S. at 92 (“Johnson’s ‘list of 12’
thus provides a useful catalog of the many factors to be considered in assessing the
reasonableness of an award of attorney’s fees.”). Downward adjustment of the lodestar
is “merited only if the prevailing party was partially successful in its efforts,” a
determination the district court makes on a case-by-case basis. Resolution Trust Corp.
v. Hallmark Builders, Inc., 996 F.2d 1144, 1150 (11th Cir. 1993).
opinion are generally applicable in all cases in which Congress has authorized an award of fees to a
‘prevailing party.’” Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 n.7 (1983) (citations omitted).
The Eleventh Circuit has adopted as binding precedent the decisions of the former Fifth Circuit rendered
prior to October 1, 1981. Bonner v. City of Prichard, 661 F.2d 1206, 1209 (11th Cir. 1981).
The Plaintiff documents her counsel’s work in affidavits and attached time
summaries. Docs. 10-2; 10-3. The Defendant does not contest the availability of
attorney’s fees and costs, the timeliness of the motion, the accuracy or sufficiency of the
Plaintiff’s documentation, the Plaintiff’s counsel’s rate of $250 per hour, or many of the
other Johnson factors. See generally Doc. 11. Rather, the Defendant argues that the
Plaintiff’s request for attorney’s fees and costs is not reasonable because (1) the short
duration, simplicity of the issues, and relatively small recovery in this case make the
Plaintiff’s requested fee award excessive; and (2) some of the tasks and costs for which
the Plaintiff’s counsel billed were unnecessary or duplicative. See generally id. The
Court agrees with the parties that the Plaintiff’s request only raises several of the
Johnson reasonableness factors. The Court considers the general appropriateness of
the Plaintiff’s requested award then examines each contested task in turn for
Case Duration, Simplicity, and Outcome
The Defendant argues that the Plaintiff should receive less than her request due
to the relatively small recovery of the Plaintiff, the short duration of the case, and the
simplicity of the issues presented. Doc. 11 at 5-9. But these factors, without more, do
not make a claim for $8,031.24 in attorney’s fees and costs categorically “excessive.”
Id. at 5.
The Plaintiff requests attorney’s fees and costs totaling $8,031.24, while the
Plaintiff’s recovery was only $1,001.3 But the FDCPA’s attorney’s fees provision is
designed to incentivize attorneys to pursue cases, and an inflexible consideration of the
The award of $1,001, which encompassed “all of Plaintiff’s claims asserted against Defendant,”
exceeded the statutory maximum for a FDCPA claim. Doc. 8-1 at ¶ 4; see 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(2)(A)
(setting the statutory maximum for damages for a FDCPA claim at $1,000).
proportionality of damages to a fee award “tends to diminish the public benefit, to make
the fee depend upon substantiality of monetary relief, and to reduce the inquiry to the
arithmetical exercise rejected by the Supreme Court in Evans v. Jeff D., 475 U.S. [717,]
736 [(1986)].” Cullens v. Ga. Dep’t of Transp., 29 F.3d 1489, 1494 (11th Cir. 1994).
As to the short duration of the case and the simplicity of the issue presented, the
Court finds that the best way to determine the reasonableness of the Plaintiff’s request
is to consider the specific hours and costs claimed. See Bivins, 548 at 1350 (“When a
district court finds the number of hours claimed is unreasonably high, the court has two
choices: it may conduct an hour-by-hour analysis or it may reduce the requested hours
with an across-the-board cut.” (citation omitted)).
Pre-filing Communication with Defendant
The Defendant argues that “the $236.24 [0.9 hours of attorney work claimed and
$11.24 in costs] incurred by Plaintiff in sending the validation demand letter should be
excluded from any fee award” because litigation had not yet begun at the time the letter
was sent. Doc. 11 at 9-10. But reasonable attorney’s fees and costs include those
“incurred in case preparation” as well as “during the course of litigation, or as an aspect
of settlement of the case.” Dowdell v. City of Apopka, 698 F.2d 1181, 1188, 1192 (11th
Cir. 1983); see also Thompson v. Equifax Credit Info. Servs., Inc., 2003 WL 1579757, at
*2 (citing Dowdell in noting “there is precedent for awarding fees for work expended
even before an attorney is formally representing a client”). The Court finds that the
Plaintiff’s claim for 0.9 hours and $11.24 in costs is reasonable.
Meeting with the Plaintiff
The Defendant next argues that the Plaintiff’s billed 4.9 hours meeting with the
Plaintiff is unreasonable because there was little in the case yet to discuss and because
this “appears to request compensation for what [the Plaintiff’s counsel] advertises on his
own website to be a ‘free’ initial consultation.” Doc. 11 at 10-11. The Defendant argues
that the time spent meeting with the Plaintiff be reduced to 1.5 hours or, “at a minimum,
the 1.2 hours of the initial consultation be eliminated from Plaintiff’s recovery.” Id. at 11.
The Defendant cites a District of New Jersey case, Roccisano v. Township of Franklin,
for the proposition that the Plaintiff’s counsel’s advertisement, indicating a free initial
consultation, justify the district court refusing to bill the Defendant for that time. 2015
WL 3649149, at *10. But Roccisano is not binding precedent, and the Court declines to
categorize less than five hours meeting with a client as “excessive, redundant, or
otherwise unnecessary,” regardless of two sentences on the Plaintiff’s counsel’s web
site. Hensley, 461 U.S. at 434.
Accordingly, the Court finds that the 4.9 hours the Plaintiff claims is reasonable.
Drafting the Complaint
The Defendant next argues that the Plaintiff’s request for seven hours is
unreasonable to prepare “a largely boilerplate complaint” which mostly matched “at
least five complaints against [the Defendant]” filed by the Plaintiff’s counsel. Doc. 11 at
11-15. The Defendant points out that the complaints are “largely identical,” even to the
point that the same typographical errors appear in each. Id. at 12. The Plaintiff
concedes that the complaint in this case “contains several paragraphs that are similar or
track paragraphs in other complaints. Doc. 12 at 5. The Plaintiff argues that “counsel
has an ethical and legal obligation to ensure the allegations in the complaint apply to the
facts and circumstances of this particular case” and therefore the time charged was
necessary to review previous complaints filed against the Defendant and conform this
complaint to the facts of this case. Id. at 5-6.
The Court agrees with the Plaintiff that the Plaintiff was obligated to carefully
review its prior complaints to make sure those provisions were appropriate for the case
at bar. But the Court also agrees with the Defendant that the complaint in this case was
“largely identical” to previous complaints and that the allegations specific only to the
case at bar were minimal.
Accordingly, the Court finds that the Plaintiff’s claim for seven hours in
unreasonable, and the Court finds instead that 3.5 hours is a reasonable claim for
drafting and reviewing the complaint.
Reviewing the Defendant’s Answer and Affirmative Defenses
The Defendant also argues that “[t]here is absolutely no rational justification for
spending [eight hours] reviewing [the Defendant]’s Answer.” Doc. 11 at 15. The
Defendant asserts that the answer and the affirmative defenses should have been
reviewed more efficiently, since (1) only a small number of the answer’s paragraphs
contained facts specific to the Plaintiff’s case, (2) the Defendant asserted many of its
affirmative defenses only to preserve them as the case progressed, and (3) the Plaintiff
could have asked the Defendant questions about the affirmative defenses rather than
spending so much time researching the issues. Id. at 15-18. And the Defendant also
argues that the Plaintiff’s billing for “[p]ut answer in comparison sheet and initial review
of responses” must be “struck as overly vague.” Id. at 15 n.5. In total, the Defendant
requests the Court reduce this facet of the Plaintiff’s attorney’s fees and costs from eight
hours “to, at most, 0.5 hours.” Id. at 18.
The Court agrees with the Plaintiff: “[The Plaintiff] and her counsel should not be
punished for [the Defendant]’s strategic choice of filing an answer and subsequently
mailing an Offer of Judgment the next day.” Doc. 12 at 8. The Defendant answered the
Plaintiff’s complaint and asserted several affirmative defenses in that complaint. The
Court does not find the Plaintiff’s review and research of the answer “excessive,
redundant, or otherwise unnecessary.” Hensley, 461 U.S. at 434.
Accordingly, the Court finds that the Plaintiff’s claim of eight hours to review the
answer and affirmative defenses is reasonable.
The Defendant argues that the “Plaintiff should also not be compensated for work
spent on discovery, as such work was unnecessary to the resolution of this case”
because discovery was premature and because the Plaintiff appears to have conducted
such discovery after the Plaintiff received the Defendant’s offer of judgment. Doc. 11 at
18-19. But again, the Court cannot find that two hours of discovery work, even at the
early stages of litigation, was excessive prior to an agreement being reached. Further,
the Plaintiff asserts that her counsel drafted the discovery before receiving the offer of
judgment, based on receiving an answer contesting the Plaintiff’s claims. Doc. 12 at 8.
Accordingly, the Court finds that the Plaintiff’s claim for two hours is reasonable.
Finally, the Defendant argues that 3.7 hours should be denied because client
intake, preparing a cover sheet and exhibits to a complaint, and filing a summons
constitute clerical work. Doc. 11 at 19-20. The Plaintiff’s skeletal response follows:
Contrary to the [Defendant]’s contention, the filing of an
executed summons and complaint is work traditionally
performed by an attorney, and not clerical work. In federal
court, a Pacer [sic] login is required. That login is only
provided to licensed attorneys who are also admitted to the
court they are filing in.
Doc. 12 at 9. But even if filing must be done by an attorney, the Plaintiff does not
dispute the Defendant’s claim that the rest of these attorney’s fees and costs are merely
administrative. Nor does the Plaintiff attempt to adjust the rate to secretarial or
paralegal rates; she claims the full attorney rate of $250 per hour. It appears that the
vast majority of this work is clearly administrative, and is also not worth $250 per hour.
Accordingly, the Court finds that the 3.7 hours claimed by the Plaintiff is not
reasonable, and instead 0.1 hours is reasonable.
For the reasons discussed above, the Plaintiff’s Motion (Doc. 10) is GRANTED
in part and DENIED in part, and the Court finds that the Plaintiff’s request should be
reduced by 7.1 hours; the Defendant owes the Plaintiff $5,825 (23.3 hours at $250 per
hour) in reasonable attorney’s fees and $431.24 in reasonable costs. Accordingly, the
Defendant is ORDERED to pay the Plaintiff $6,256.24.
SO ORDERED, this 25th day of September, 2017.
S/ Marc T. Treadwell
MARC T. TREADWELL, JUDGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
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