MARTIN v. MERRELL et al
ORDER DENYING 2 Prisoner Trust Fund Account Statement Construed as Motion to Proceed in forma pauperis; DENYING 3 MOTION for Reconsideration of the Original Claims in the Complaint filed in 5:17-cv-361; and DISMISSING without prejudice Plaintiff's complaint. (kat)
Case 5:20-cv-00393-MTT-CHW Document 5 Filed 11/20/20 Page 1 of 5
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
JAMES M. MARTIN,
Lieutenant ROBERT MERRELL,
Plaintiff James M. Martin, a prisoner in Dooly State Prison in Unadilla, Georgia,
has filed a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action. ECF No. 1. He also provided the Court with a
copy of his prisoner trust fund account statement, which the Court construes to be a
motion to proceed in this action without prepayment of the required filing fee or security
therefor pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). ECF No. 2.
The Court find that Plaintiff may not proceed in forma pauperis because, as
discussed below, federal courts have dismissed at least three of Plaintiff’s prior lawsuits
or appeals as frivolous, malicious, for failing to state a claim, or for failure to exhaust
administrative remedies. Therefore, these dismissals count as “strikes” under 28 U.S.C.
§ 1983. Moreover, in the current complaint, Plaintiff does not allege that he is in
imminent danger of serious physical injury. Accordingly, the Court DENIES Plaintiff’s
motion to proceed in forma pauperis and DISMISSES his complaint WITHOUT
PREJUDICE, as set forth below. The Court also DENIES Plaintiff’s motion for
reconsideration of Martin v. Dooly State Prison Administrative Business Department,
Case 5:20-cv-00393-MTT-CHW Document 5 Filed 11/20/20 Page 2 of 5
5:17-cv-361-TES-CHW, which Plaintiff filed in this action. ECF No. 3. Any motion to
reconsider Martin v. Dooly State Prison Administrative Business Department, 5:17-cv361-TES-CHW, must be filed in that action.
Federal law bars a prisoner from bringing a civil action in federal court in forma
if [he] has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in
any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that
was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state
a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under
imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Under § 1915(g), a prisoner incurs a “strike” any time a court
dismisses the prisoner’s federal lawsuit or appeal on the grounds that it is frivolous or
malicious or fails to state a claim or the prisoner failed exhaust administrative remedies.
See White v. Lemma, 947 F.3d 1373, 1379 (11th Cir. 2020) (citation omitted) (dismissal
for failure to exhaust administrative remedies counts as a strike); Medberry v. Butler, 185
F.3d 1189, 1192 (11th Cir. 1999). Once a prisoner incurs three strikes, a court may not
grant him leave to proceed in forma pauperis unless the prisoner is under imminent
danger of serious physical injury. Id.
Having reviewed court records on the Federal Judiciary’s Public Access to Court
Electronic Records (“PACER”) database, the Court finds that Plaintiff has filed at least
three federal lawsuits or appeals that federal courts have dismissed as frivolous, for
failure to state a claim, or for failure to exhaust administrative remedies. See Order
Dismissing Compl., Martin v. Mason, 4:12-cv-183-CDL (M.D. Ga. July 25, 2012)
(dismissing complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A for failure to state a claim), ECF
Case 5:20-cv-00393-MTT-CHW Document 5 Filed 11/20/20 Page 3 of 5
No. 5; Order Dismissing Compl., Martin v. Barge, Case No. 1:09-cv-91-WLS (M.D. Ga.
Sept. 20, 2010) (dismissing complaint for failure to exhaust administrative remedies),
ECF No. 33; Order finding appeal frivolous, Martin v. Barge, 12-15852 (11th Cir. April
23, 2013) (three judge panel dismissing appeal and specifically finding appeal was
frivolous pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i)). 1 Accordingly, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)
bars Plaintiff from prosecuting this action in forma pauperis unless he is in imminent
danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
To invoke this exception, a prisoner must allege specific facts that describe an
ongoing serious physical injury, or of a pattern of misconduct evidencing the likelihood
of imminent serious physical injury. Brown v. Johnson, 387 F.3d 1344, 1349-50 (11th
Cir. 2004). The Court must consider “whether [the] complaint, as a whole, alleges
imminent danger of serious physical injury.” Id. at 1350. While the Court must construe
a pro se plaintiff’s complaint liberally, general allegations of “imminent danger” will not
suffice, nor will a claim that the plaintiff faced imminent danger in the past. Medberry,
185 F.3d at 1193 (use of the present tense in § 1915(g) shows “that a prisoner’s allegation
that he faced imminent danger in the past is an insufficient basis to allow him to proceed
in forma pauperis”).
Plaintiff complains that on May 8, 2017, he was transported by ambulance to the
Crisp Regional Hospital because his leg was swollen. ECF No. 1 at 8. He states that
Defendant Merrell placed a nylon band around both of his ankles before he left Dooly
See Daker v. Comm’r, Georgia Dep’t of Corr., 820 F.3d 1278, 1284-85 (11th Cir.
2016) (finding that to count as a strike, a three-judge panel must state that it is dismissing
the appeal as frivolous).
Case 5:20-cv-00393-MTT-CHW Document 5 Filed 11/20/20 Page 4 of 5
State Prison. Id. Plaintiff alleges that while he was in the hospital, the band was never
removed. Id. at 9-10. Due to the placement of the band, he was unable to receive
medical treatment. Id. He was returned to Dooly State Prison on May 12, 2017. Id. at
11. Plaintiff states that he has a bottom bunk profile. Id. He was, however, moved to
a middle bunk on June 6, 2017. Id.
Viewing these allegations as a whole and construing them in favor of Plaintiff, the
Court cannot find that Plaintiff has alleged an “imminent danger of serious physical
injury.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). 2
In conclusion, it the Court DENIES Plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma
pauperis and DISMISSES Plaintiff’s complaint WITHOUT PREJUDICE. 3 The Court
also DENIES Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration of Martin v. Dooly State Prison
Administrative Business Department, 5:17-cv-361-TES-CHW, which Plaintiff filed in
this action. ECF No. 3. Any motion to reconsider Martin v. Dooly State Prison
Administrative Business Department, 5:17-cv-361-TES-CHW, must be filed in that
The Court notes that it appears Plaintiff’s claims are barred by the applicable two-year statute of
limitations. Lovett v. Ray, 327 F.3d 1181, 1182 (11th Cir. 2003). This is perhaps why Plaintiff seeks
reconsideration of Martin v. Dooly State Prison Administrative Business Department, 5:17-cv-361-TESCHW, a case that he moved to voluntarily dismiss on February 20, 2018 and again on June 8, 2018,
which motions the Court granted August 8, 2018. As stated above, any motion to reconsider the Order
dismissing that action, must be filed in that action. It appears Plaintiff is aware of this because he filed a
motion for reconsideration in that case on June 8, 2020, which the Court denied on July 9, 2020.
In Dupree v. Palmer, 284 F.3d 1234 (11th Cir. 2002), the Eleventh Circuit held that a prisoner cannot
simply pay the filing fee after being denied in forma pauperis status; he must pay the filing fee at the time
he initiates the suit. Thus, the proper procedure when a court denies in forma pauperis status is to dismiss
the complaint without prejudice, allowing the Plaintiff to refile upon payment of the full $400.00 filing fee.
Thus, if Plaintiff wants the Court to consider his claims, he may file a new complaint and pay the full filing
Case 5:20-cv-00393-MTT-CHW Document 5 Filed 11/20/20 Page 5 of 5
SO ORDERED, this 20th day of November, 2020.
S/ Marc T. Treadwell
MARC T. TREADWELL, CHIEF JUDGE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?