SPRAYBERRY v. ALLEN et al
ORDER denying 69 Motion for Leave to Appeal in forma pauperis; denying 80 Amended MotionOrdered by U.S. District Judge HUGH LAWSON on 12/31/2014 (aks)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
HUBERT T. SPRAYBERRY,
Civil Action No. 7:13-CV-136 (HL)
JOSEPH SCHNAKE, et al.,
This case is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion for Permission to Appeal
In Forma Pauperis (“IFP”) (Doc. 69) and Amended Motion for Permission to
Appeal IFP. (Doc. 80). Plaintiff filed his Notice of Appeal (Doc. 64) on September
19, 2014, challenging the Court’s September 3, 2014 Order (Doc. 54) adopting
the magistrate judge’s Report and Recommendation and denying Plaintiff’s
motion for appointment of counsel and request for injunctive relief. (Doc. 52).
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), a district court must determine whether
the statements contained in an IFP affidavit satisfy the requirement of poverty.
Martinez v. Kristi Kleaners, Inc., 364 F.3d 1305, 1307 (11th Cir. 2004). Although
a litigant does not have to prove he is “absolutely destitute” to qualify under
§ 1915(a), he must show that “because of his poverty, [he] is unable to pay for
the court fees and costs, and to support and provide necessities for himself and
his dependents.” Id. (citing Adkins v. E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., 335 U.S.
331, 338-40 (1948)). “The court, however, may deny an IFP motion if it finds that
the action is not taken in good faith. In re Arnold, 166 Fed.App’x 424, 425 (11th
Cir. 2006); see 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3). An IFP action is frivolous, and thus not
brought in good faith, where it is “without arguable merit either in law or fact.”
Napier v. Preslicka, 314 F.3d 528, 531 (11th Cir. 2002); see also Ghee v.
Retailers Nat. Bank, 271 Fed.App’x 858, 859 (11th Cir. 2008). “Arguable means
capable of being convincingly argued.” Sun v. Forrester, 939 F.3d 924, 925 (11th
Cir. 1991) (per curiam). A claim should be permitted to proceed where it is
arguable but may ultimately be unsuccessful. See Cofield v. Ala. Pub. Serv.
Comm’n., 936 F.2d 512, 515 (11th Cir. 1991).
On August 7, 2014, United States Magistrate Judge Thomas Q. Langstaff
entered an Order and Recommendation addressing multiple motions filed by
Plaintiff. (Doc. 52). In particular, the magistrate judge determined based on a
review of Plaintiff’s Complaint and the complexity of the issues presented therein
that exceptional circumstances did not exist to warrant appointing an attorney to
represent Plaintiff at that particular juncture in the case. The magistrate further
found that there was no adequate basis upon which to grant Plaintiff’s motion for
injunctive relief as Plaintiff had not established that there is a substantial
likelihood of success on the merits or a risk of irreparable harm, nor did the court
have the authority to grant injunctive relief against non-parties.
At the conclusion of the order, Judge Langstaff informed Plaintiff in bold
print that pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), he had fourteen (14) days in which
to file any objections to the Recommendation in the District Court. Plaintiff filed
no objections to the Recommendation. Accordingly, on September 3, 2014, the
Court, after reviewing the Recommendation for clear error and finding none,
accepted and adopted the Recommendation.
Plaintiff waived the right to appeal the Court’s order by failing to file timely
objections. See Redmon v. Lake County Sheriff’s Office, 414 Fed. App’x 221,
226-27 (11th Cir. 2011). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72 provides:
When a pretrial matter not dispositive of a party’s claim or
defense is referred to a magistrate judge to hear and decide,
the magistrate judge must promptly conduct the required
proceedings and, when appropriate, issue a written order
stating the decision. A party may serve and file objections to
the order within 14 days after being served with a copy. A
party may not assign as error a defect in the order not timely
Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a). The Eleventh Circuit has held that “where a party fails to
timely challenge a magistrate’s nondispositive order before the district court, the
party waived his right to appeal those orders in this Court.” Smith v. School Bd. of
Orange County, 487 F.3d 1361, 1365 (11th Cir. 2007) (citing Maynard v. Bd. of
Regents, 342 F.3d 1281, 1286 (11th Cir. 2003)). The order that Plaintiff now
appeals is a nondispositive motion that addresses certain pretrial matters without
disposing of any claim or defense. Despite receiving instructions on when any
objections to the order must be filed, Plaintiff neglected to do so and, therefore,
waived his right to appeal.
Accordingly, Appellant’s Motion to Proceed IFP is denied as frivolous.
Plaintiff is advised to consult Rule 24(a)(5) of the Federal Rules of Appellate
Procedure should he wish to pursue this appeal further.
SO ORDERED, this 31st day of December, 2014.
s/ Hugh Lawson______________
HUGH LAWSON, SENIOR JUDGE
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