Stevenson et al v. The Great American Dream, Inc. et al
ORDER granting 15 Motion to Certify Class. Signed by Judge Thomas W. Thrash, Jr on 8/13/2013. (ss)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
Individually and on behalf of others
similarly situated, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION FILE
THE GREAT AMERICAN DREAM,
INC. doing business as
Pinups, et al.,
OPINION AND ORDER
The Plaintiffs are entertainers at Pin Ups Nightclub seeking damages for
violation of the minimum wage and overtime wage requirements of the Fair Labor
Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 201, et seq. (FLSA). The Plaintiffs move to conditionally
certify a collective action of all entertainers who have worked at Pin Ups Nightclub
over the past three years. Because all entertainers at Pin Ups Nightclub are similarly
situated and there is a reasonable basis for concluding that other entertainers wish to
opt-in to this action, the Court GRANTS the Plaintiffs’ motion.
Plaintiffs Martisha Stevenson and Elisha Hunter are current employees of the
Defendants, and have been since August 2005 and August 2006, respectively.
(Stevenson Decl. ¶ 2; Hunter Decl. ¶ 2.) The Defendants are The Great American
Dream, Inc., doing business as Pin Ups Nightclub (“Pin Ups”), and James W. Lee, Sr.,
the CEO of Pin Ups. (Compl. ¶¶ 7-8, 23.) The Plaintiffs’ primary job duty during the
course of their employment has been as entertainers at Pin Ups in Decatur, Georgia.
(Stevenson Decl. ¶ 3; Hunter Decl. ¶ 3.) The Defendants argue that entertainers are
independent contractors rather than employees, and are thus not covered under the
provisions of the FLSA. The Plaintiffs ask the Court to conditionally certify this
matter as a collective action and permit them to send notice to all entertainers who
worked at Pin Ups in the past three years.
II. Standard for Conditional Certification of FLSA Collectives
A collective action under the FLSA “may be maintained against any employer
... by any one or more employees for and in behalf of himself or themselves and other
employees similarly situated. No employee shall be a party plaintiff to any such action
unless he gives his consent in writing[.]” 29 U.S.C. § 216(b). This Court has
discretion to authorize the sending of notice to potential class members in a collective
action. Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. v. Sperling, 493 U.S. 165, 169-70 (1989). Unlike
class actions under Rule 23, a collective action under the FLSA requires individuals
to opt-in to the action instead of opting out. Shabazz v. Asurion Ins. Serv., No. 3:07-
0653, 2008 WL 1730318, at *2 (M.D. Tenn. 2008), citing Douglas v. GE Energy
Reuter Stokes, No. 1:07-CV-77, 2007 WL 1341779, at *2 (N.D. Ohio 2007). Whether
or not to certify a collective action is “soundly within the discretion of the district
court.” Hipp v. Liberty Nat. Life Ins. Co., 252 F.3d 1208, 1219 (11th Cir. 2001).
Courts typically employ a two-step process to determine whether employees are
similarly situated so that collective action is proper. The first step is the “notice” or
“conditional certification” stage. Morgan v. Family Dollar Stores, Inc., 551 F.3d
1233, 1260-61 (11th Cir. 2008). At this stage, the Court may grant conditional
certification if a plaintiff demonstrates a reasonable basis to believe that: (1) there are
other employees of the defendant who desire to opt-in; and (2) that these other
employees are “‘similarly situated’ with respect to their job requirements and with
regard to their pay provisions.” Dybach v. State of Fla. Dep’t of Corrs., 942 F.2d
1562, 1567-68 (11th Cir. 1991).
A class plaintiff’s burden is “not particularly stringent,” “fairly lenient,” and
“not heavy,” and may be met with “detailed allegations supported by affidavits which
successfully engage defendants’ affidavits to the contrary.” Morgan, 551 F.3d at
1261; Grayson v. K Mart Corp., 79 F.3d 1086, 1097 (11th Cir. 1996). While courts
have not defined “similarly situated,” it is clear that a plaintiff does not need to show
that his position is “identical” to the position held by any other putative class member.
Grayson, 79 F.3d at 1096. The Court has “broad discretion at the notice stage,” but
is “constrained, to some extent, by the leniency of the standard for the exercise of that
discretion.” Morgan, 551 F.3d at 1261.
Merits of the Plaintiffs’ Claim
The Defendants argue that all of the entertainers who performed at Pin Ups are
“independent contractors” rather than employees, and thus fall outside the ambit of
the FLSA. However, the Plaintiffs only need to make a “colorable claim for relief”
under the FLSA in order for the Court to proceed to the two-tiered conditional
certification analysis. Gjurovich v. Emmanuel’s Marketplace, Inc., 282 F. Supp. 2d
91, 96 (S.D.N.Y. 2003). At the conditional certification or notice stage, “[t]he
focus...is not on whether there has been an actual violation of law but rather on
whether the proposed plaintiffs are ‘similarly situated’....[A] court adjudicating a
motion to authorize a collective action need not evaluate the merits of plaintiffs’
claims in order to determine whether a ‘similarly situated’ group exists.” Kreher v.
City of Atlanta, Georgia, No. 1:04-CV-2651-WSD, 2006 WL 739572, at *4 (N.D. Ga.
Mar. 20, 2006), quoting Young v. Cooper Cameron Corp., 229 F.R.D. 50, 54-55
(S.D.N.Y. 2005). The Plaintiffs have made a colorable claim for relief, so the Court
will consider whether there are other similarly situated employees who wish to opt-in.
Similarly Situated Employees
The Plaintiffs meet their fairly lenient burden at the conditional certification
stage by demonstrating a reasonable basis that there are other similarly situated
employees. All current and former entertainers at Pin Ups are similarly situated. The
Defendants have classified all of them as independent contractors rather than as
employees, and have not paid them a minimum wage for all hours worked at Pin Ups.
Additionally, none of the entertainers are paid hourly wages and all are required to pay
“house fees.” Furthermore, all entertainers perform the same job duties of performing
for customers at Pin Ups and providing customers with personal dances when
The Court finds that the Plaintiffs have shown a reasonable basis for their claim
that other entertainers wish to opt-in to this action. One consent was filed during the
briefing of this motion. Other courts have granted conditional certification on similar
facts. See Guerra v. Big Johnson Concrete Plumbing, Inc., No. 05-14237, 2006 WL
2290512, at *4 (S.D. Fla. 2006) (conditionally certifying collective action class where
only one other individual had opted-in).
Production of the List of Putative Class Members and Content of the
The Court orders the Defendants to provide the Plaintiffs with a list of the
names, last known addresses, phone numbers, dates of birth, last four digits of Social
Security numbers, and employment dates of all Pin Ups entertainers within three years
prior to the date of this Order. See Clincy v. Galardi South Enterprises, Inc., 1:09CV-2082-RWS, at Doc. 147, at *10 (N.D. Ga. Mar. 12, 2010) (ordering defendants
to provide plaintiffs with the names, last known addresses, dates of birth, and last four
digits of Social Security numbers of all persons employed as entertainers at a
nightclub). The list of putative class members must be sent by the Defendants to
counsel for the Plaintiffs within fourteen days of the docketing of this Order.
The Court has carefully considered all of the Defendants’ objections to the
content of the Plaintiffs’ proposed notice, and has decided to approve the Plaintiffs’
proposed notice in its entirety. The Plaintiffs’ proposed notice, including the 60-day
opt-in period, is consistent in all material respects with notices that have been
approved in other cases. See Russell v. ProMove, LLC, 1:06-CV-659-RWS, at Doc.
100 (N.D. Ga. Nov. 9, 2006); Clincy, 1:09-CV-2082-RWS, at Doc. 147.
For the reasons set forth above, the Court GRANTS the Plaintiff’s Motion for
Conditional Class Certification [Doc. 15]. The Court ORDERS the Defendants to
provide the Plaintiffs with a list of the names, last known addresses, phone numbers,
dates of birth, last four digits of Social Security numbers, and employment dates of
all entertainers at Pin Ups within three years prior to the date of this Order.
SO ORDERED, this 13 day of August, 2013.
/s/Thomas W. Thrash
THOMAS W. THRASH, JR.
United States District Judge
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