Cathedral Art Metal Co., Inc. v. Divinity Boutique, LLC et al
OPINION AND ORDER. Plaintiff's Motion for Temporary Restraining Order 2 is DENIED. Plaintiff shall file its Motion for Preliminary Injunction by 10:00 a.m. on January 16, 2018; Defendant shall file its response to Plaintiffs motion for Prelim inary Injunction by 10:00 a.m. on January 22, 2018; and Plaintiff shall file its reply, if any, by 10:00 a.m. on January 24, 2018. The parties shall submit a joint discovery plan by 5:00 p.m. on January 16, 2018. The time to respond to written disc overy propounded shall be seven (7) calendar days, and that written discovery shall be served so that responses are due on or before January 24, 2018. The Court will conduct a Preliminary Injunction hearing on January 24, 2018, at 1:00 p.m., in Courtroom 1705, Richard B. Russell Federal Building, 75 Ted Turner Drive, SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303. Signed by Judge William S. Duffey, Jr on 1/12/2018. (bgt)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
CATHEDRAL ART METAL CO.,
DIVINITY BOUTIQUE, LLC and
NICOLE BRAYDEN GIFTS, LLC,
OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Cathedral Art Metal Co.’s
(“Plaintiff” or “Cathedral”) Motion for Temporary Restraining Order  (the
Plaintiff and Defendants Divinity Boutique, LLC and Nicole Brayden Gifts,
LLC (collectively, “Defendants” or “Divinity Boutique”) compete in the
homewares and giftware marketplace. Both parties are presently exhibiting at the
International Gift Home Furnishing Market currently being held in Atlanta (the
2018 Atlanta Gift Show), which runs until January 16, 2018 at the AmericasMart
in downtown Atlanta. Plaintiff alleges it “is the owner and seller of the ‘Amazing
Woman’ line of homeware products and gift items, which are characterized by the
trademark AMAZING WOMAN and a distinctive trade dress that includes a
stylized script writing presentation of the mark AMAZING WOMAN on a soft and
soothing color palette, and typically further includes a textual presentation of
traditional feminine virtues and attributes.” ([2-1] at 3).
Plaintiff alleges that Defendants have “misappropriated and are infringing
Cathedral’s exclusive rights in the AMAZING WOMAN trademark, and the
associated trade dress” by “showing and offering at . . . the 2018 Atlanta Gift
Show the same homeware and giftware items” that “bear Cathedral Art’s
AMAZING WOMAN trademark.” ([2-1] at 1). Plaintiff further contends that
Defendant’s items “present Cathedral’s AMAZING WOMAN mark in a stylized
script writing on a soft and soothing color palette, frequently with text that
espouses traditional feminine virtues and attributes, which further infringes
Cathedral Art’s trade dress.” (Id.) Plaintiff asserts that “customers are being
misled and confused, including professional buyers at the Atlanta Gift Show.”
(Id. at 2). Plaintiff seeks immediate temporary relief to “protect the public from
such confusion and deception, and to preserve Cathedral Art’s goodwill as
symbolized by its AMAZING WOMAN trademark and associated trade dress.”
On January 10, 2018, Plaintiff filed a Complaint  and a Motion for
Temporary Restraining Order . The Motion seeks to “preclude Defendants
from selling goods bearing Plaintiff’s AMAZING WOMAN trademark and/or
associated trade dress at the Atlanta Gift Show that is occurring now, until January
16, 2018.” ( at 1). On January 12, 2018, the Court conducted a hearing on the
Motion, during which all parties were represented by counsel.
To obtain a temporary restraining order, a party must demonstrate: “(1) a
substantial likelihood of success on the merits; (2) that irreparable injury will be
suffered if the relief is not granted; (3) that the threatened injury outweighs the
harm the relief would inflict on the non-movant; and (4) that entry of the relief
would serve the public interest.” Schiavo ex rel. Schindler v. Schiavo, 403 F.3d
1223, 1225-26 (11th Cir. 2005) (per curiam). “Temporary restraining orders are an
extraordinary remedy designed to preserve the status quo, and to prevent
irreparable harm before the merits of a case can be heard.” Mama’s Enterprises,
LLC v. United States, 883 F. Supp. 2d 1128, 1132 (N.D. Ala. 2012). They are “not
to be granted unless the movant clearly establishes the burden of persuasion as to
each of the four prerequisites.” Schmitt v. Reimer, No. 110-cv-102, 2010 WL
3585187, at *1 (S.D. Ga. Sept. 14, 2010) (internal quotation marks omitted)
(quoting Redford v. Gwinnett Jud. Cir., 350 Fed. App’x. 341, 345 (11th Cir.
“A demonstration of irreparable injury by the party seeking relief is an
essential prerequisite to a temporary restraining order.” 11A Charles Alan Wright
et al., Fed. Prac. & Proc. Civ. § 2951 (3d ed. Apr. 2017 Update); see
Siegel v. LePore, 234 F.3d 1163, 1176 (11th Cir. 2000) (“A showing of irreparable
injury is the sine qua non of injunctive relief.”). “[T]he asserted irreparable injury
‘must be neither remote nor speculative, but actual and imminent.’” Siegel, 234
F.3d at 1176. “An injury is ‘irreparable’ only if it cannot be undone through
monetary remedies.” Ne. Florida Chapter of Ass’n of Gen.
Contractors of Am. v. City of Jacksonville, Fla., 896 F.2d 1283, 1285 (11th Cir.
1990); see Tiber Labs., LLC v. Hawthorn Pharm., Inc., 527 F. Supp. 2d 1373, 1381
(N.D. Ga. 2007) (“To establish irreparable harm, the movant must show that the
injury is immediate and is not compensable by monetary damages.”). “Mere
injuries, however substantial, in terms of money, time and energy necessarily
expended in the absence of a stay, are not enough.” City of Jacksonville, Fla., 896
F.2d at 1285.
The Court finds that Plaintiff failed to demonstrate a substantial likelihood
of succeeding on their trademark or trade dress claims. To establish trademark
infringement under Section 43(a), Plaintiff bears the burden of demonstrating that
“(1) that it had trademark rights in the mark or name at issue and (2) that the other
party had adopted a mark or name that was the same, or confusingly similar to its
mark, such that consumers were likely to confuse the two.” Lone Star Steakhouse
& Saloon, Inc. v. Longhorn Steaks, Inc., 106 F.3d 355, 358 (11th Cir. 1997).
Plaintiff does not hold a registered AMAZING WOMAN trademark. But
the Eleventh Circuit has recognized “the use of another’s unregistered, i.e.,
common law, trademark can constitute a violation of § 43(a) where the alleged
unregistered trademarks used by the plaintiff are so associated with its goods that
the use of the same or similar marks by another company constitutes a false
representation that its goods came from the same source.” Tana v. Dantanna’s,
611 F.3d 767, 772–74 (11th Cir. 2010), citing Conagra, Inc. v. Singleton, 743 F.2d
1508, 1512–13 (11th Cir. 1984) (internal quotations and citations omitted).
“However, only those marks that are capable of distinguishing the owner’s goods
from those of others, i.e., that are sufficiently ‘distinctive,’ are eligible for federal
registration or protection as common law marks under the Lanham Act.” Tana,
611 F.3 at 773, citing 15 U.S.C. § 1052(e), (f); Two Pesos, Inc. v. Taco Cabana,
Inc., 505 U.S. 763, 768, 112 S.Ct. 2753, 2757, 120 L.Ed.2d 615 (1992); Coach
House Rest., Inc. v. Coach & Six Rests., Inc., 934 F.2d 1551, 1559 (11th Cir.
With respect to whether consumers would identify Cathedral, or its
predecessor Abbey Press, as the source of Amazing Woman products, Plaintiff’s
offer an affidavit of Barbara Olmsted [7-1] stating that, based on her experience
working in the inspirational giftware and homeware business for many years, “[i]t
was known that the AMAZING WOMAN products were a successful product line
for Abbey Press.” ([7-1] at 2 ¶ 4). The Verified Complaint  and Plaintiff’s
Brief in Support of the Motion [2-1] contain similar conclusory statements. The
Court, however, concludes that the evidence offered by Plaintiff at this early stage
is insufficient to establish a substantial likelihood of demonstrating that consumers
would associate the AMAZING WOMAN common law trademark with Cathedral
or its predecessor in interest, Abbey Press. Cathedral may well be able to make
this showing and will be given an opportunity to do so upon a motion for
For the same reason, Plaintiff failed to demonstrate a likelihood of proving
trade dress infringement. In order to prevail on a claim for trade dress
infringement under Section 43(a) of the Lanham Act, a plaintiff must prove three
elements: (1) that the trade dress of the two products is confusingly similar; (2)
that the features of the trade dress are primarily non-functional; and (3) that the
trade dress is inherently distinctive or has acquired secondary meaning. Epic
Metals Corp. v. Souliere, 99 F.3d 1034, 1038 (11th Cir. 1996). As with the
AMAZING WOMAN trademark, the evidence offered by Plaintiff at this early
stage is insufficient to establish a substantial likelihood of demonstrating that
consumers would associate the trade dress of the Amazing Woman product line
with Cathedral or its predecessor in interest, Abbey Press. Evidence to support its
trade dress claim also may be presented at a Preliminary Injunction hearing.
Because the evidence now is insufficient to show that consumers would
associate Cathedral, or its predecessor in interest, with the AMAZING WOMAN
trademark or associated trade dress, Plaintiff also failed to show irreparable harm if
Defendants are permitted to continue selling products from their Amazing Woman
Accordingly, for the foregoing reasons,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for Temporary
Restraining Order  is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff shall file its Motion for
Preliminary Injunction by 10:00 a.m. on January 16, 2018; Defendant shall file its
response to Plaintiff’s motion for Preliminary Injunction by 10:00 a.m. on January
22, 2018; and Plaintiff shall file its reply, if any, by 10:00 a.m. on January 24,
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the parties shall submit a joint discovery
plan by 5:00 p.m. on January 16, 2018.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the time to respond to written discovery
propounded shall be seven (7) calendar days, and that written discovery shall be
served so that responses are due on or before January 24, 2018.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Court will conduct a Preliminary
Injunction hearing on January 24, 2018, at 1:00 p.m., in Courtroom 1705, Richard
B. Russell Federal Building, 75 Ted Turner Drive, SW, Atlanta, Georgia 30303.
SO ORDERED this 12th day of January, 2018.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?