Brooks v. Berryhill
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 1 Complaint, that this case be dismissed without prejudice under Loc. R. 41.1 for Plaintiff's failure to prosecute this action and this civil action be closed. Objections to R&R due by 12/26/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge Brian K. Epps on 12/06/2017. (thb)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
VEVERLY BROOKS, as mother
and next friend of L.K.D., a minor child,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting
Commissioner of Social Security
MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Plaintiff filed the above-captioned social security appeal pro se on September 22,
2017, and was granted permission to proceed in forma pauperis. (Doc. nos. 1, 2, 4.) On
October 4, 2017, the Court issued a briefing order explaining non-attorney parents generally
must be represented by counsel in bringing an action on behalf of his or her child and
directing Plaintiff to “show cause as to why the Court should not dismiss this case for
improper representation” or obtain counsel and notify the court within sixty days. (Doc. no.
3.) Plaintiff did not respond to the show cause order, nor has she obtained counsel who has
filed a notice of appearance in this case or communicated with the Court in any way.
The Eleventh Circuit has stated “[a] district court has inherent authority to manage its
own docket ‘so as to achieve the orderly and expeditious disposition of cases.’” Equity
Lifestyle Props., Inc. v. Fla. Mowing & Landscape Serv., Inc., 556 F.3d 1232, 1240 (11th
Cir. 2009) (quoting Chambers v. NASCO, Inc., 501 U.S. 32, 43 (1991)). This authority
includes the power to dismiss a case for failure to prosecute or failure to comply with a court
order. Id. (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b)); see also Eades v. Alabama Dep’t of Human Res.,
298 F. App’x 862, 863 (11th Cir. 2008) (“District courts possess the ability to dismiss a case
. . . for want of prosecution based on two possible sources of authority: Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b)
or their inherent authority to manage their dockets.”). Moreover, the Local Rules of the
Southern District of Georgia provide an “assigned Judge may, after notice to counsel of
record, sua sponte . . . dismiss any action for want of prosecution, with or without prejudice .
. . [for] failure to prosecute a civil action with reasonable promptness.” Loc. R. 41.1(c).
Finally, dismissal pursuant to Rule 41(b) is proper where a plaintiff has failed to comply with
a court order, “especially where the litigant has been forewarned.” Owens v. Pinellas Cnty.
Sheriff’s Dep’t, 331 F. App’x 654, 656 (11th Cir. 2009) (per curiam) (citing Moon v.
Newsome, 863 F.2d 835, 837 (11th Cir. 1989)).
Here, Plaintiff’s failure to respond to the show cause order, obtain counsel, or
communicate with the Court amounts not only to a failure to prosecute, but also an
abandonment of her case. This is precisely the type of neglect contemplated by the Local
Rules. Furthermore, because Plaintiff is proceeding IFP, the Court finds the imposition of
monetary sanctions is not a feasible sanction.
While the dismissal entered here is without prejudice,1 Plaintiff should consider the
practical effect of dismissal may be with prejudice.
This is because a claimant must
Unless the Court specifies otherwise, a dismissal for failure to prosecute operates as an
adjudication on the merits. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b).
commence a civil action seeking review of a final decision of the Acting Commissioner of
Social Security “within sixty days after the mailing to [her] of notice of such decision or
within such further time as the Commissioner of Social Security may allow.” 42 U.S.C.
§ 405. This deadline, however, “is not jurisdictional, but is a statute of limitations which is
waivable by the parties and subject to the doctrine of equitable tolling.” Scott v. Colvin, 13CV-0106, 2013 WL 2452313, at *2 n.2 (S.D. Ala. June 5, 2013) (citing Bowen v. City of
New York, 476 U.S. 467, 478-480 (1986)).
For the reasons set forth herein, the Court REPORTS and RECOMMENDS this
case be DISMISSED without prejudice under Loc. R. 41.1 for Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute
this action and this civil action be CLOSED.
SO REPORTED and RECOMMENDED this 6th day of December, 2017, at Augusta,
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