Givens v. Colvin
ORDER granting 17 Motion for Attorney Fees; and granting 18 Motion for Extension of Time. The Court awards attorney's fees in the amount of $2,872.24 and costs in the amount of $419.40. Signed by Magistrate Judge Brian K. Epps on 7/17/17. (cmr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting
Commissioner of Social Security
On May 18, 2017, United States District Judge Dudley H. Bowen, Jr., granted a
reversal and remand pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) in the above-captioned
social security appeal, and a judgment was entered in Plaintiff’s favor. (Doc. nos. 13, 15.)
Plaintiff now moves for $2,872.24 in attorney’s fees and $419.40 in expenses under the
Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”), and requests payment directly to Plaintiff’s counsel.
(Doc. no. 17.) The Acting Commissioner did not file an opposition brief.
In Astrue v. Ratliff, 560 U.S. 586, 589 (2010), the Supreme Court held, based on the
“plain text” of 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d), that an EAJA award “is payable to the litigant and is
therefore subject to a Government offset to satisfy a pre-existing debt that the litigant owes
the United States.” Based on Ratliff, the proper course is to “award the EAJA fees directly
to [the litigant] as the prevailing party and remain silent regarding the direction of payment
of those fees.” Bostic v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 858 F. Supp. 2d 1301, 1306 (M.D. Fla. 2011).
Indeed, this approach has recently been followed in this District. See Shank v. Berryhill, CV
116-030, doc. no. 20 (S.D. Ga. May 24, 2017) (awarding EAJA fees to plaintiff without
directing payment to counsel despite plaintiff’s assignment of award to counsel); Brown v.
Astrue, CV 411-152, doc. no. 24 (S.D. Ga. Mar. 4, 2013) (same); Scott v. Colvin, CV 313004, doc. no. 26 (S.D. Ga. Nov. 11, 2013) (same).
In accord with this practice, the Court awards the EAJA fees to Plaintiff, subject to
offset by any debt owed by Plaintiff to the United States. The Court leaves it “to the
discretion of the government to accept Plaintiff’s assignment of [the] EAJA [award] and pay
[the award] directly to Plaintiff[’s] counsel after a determination that Plaintiff does not owe a
federal debt.” Bostic, 858 F. Supp. 2d at 1306; see also Robinson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec.,
No. 8:13-CV-2073-T-23TGW, 2015 WL 176027, at *1 (M.D. Fla. Jan. 13, 2015) (allowing
EAJA fees “to be paid by virtue of a fee assignment, to plaintiff’s counsel by the defendant if
the plaintiff does not owe a debt to the United States Department of the Treasury”); Griffin v.
Astrue, 1:10cv115, 2010 WL 5211548, at *3 (W.D.N.C. Dec. 16, 2010) (“There is nothing in
Ratliff to indicate that it is intended to divest the government of its discretion to enter into
direct payment arrangements where there is no debt to the government or where funds
remain after satisfaction of such debt.”). The Court therefore GRANTS Plaintiff’s motion
(doc. no. 17), and awards attorney’s fees in the amount of $2,872.24 and costs in the amount
of $419.40. 1 For the reasons discussed above, the Court awards the EAJA fees to Plaintiff,
subject to offset by any debt owed by Plaintiff to the United States.
Although Plaintiff seeks $419.40 in expenses for court costs and service of the
summons and complaint, these are properly assessed as costs, not expenses. See 28 U.S.C. §
Additionally, Plaintiff moves for thirty days after he receives notice of any amount of
past due benefits awarded to seek attorney’s fees under 42 U.S.C. §§ 406(b) and 1383(d)(2).
(See doc. no. 18.) The Court will follow its usual practice of granting thirty days from the
date of the closeout letter in which to apply for §§ 406(b) and 1383(d)(2) fees in the event
that benefits are awarded on remand. See Jones v. Astrue, CV 310-038, doc. no. 12, p. 9,
adopted by doc. no. 14 (S.D. Ga. May 25, 2011); Curry v. Astrue, CV 309-068, doc. no. 17,
pp. 14-15, adopted by doc. no. 19 (S.D. Ga. Nov. 17, 2010). Accordingly, the Court
GRANTS the motion (doc. no. 18) and Plaintiff will have thirty days from the date he
receives the Social Security closeout letter in which to move for attorney’s fees.
SO ORDERED this 17th day of July, 2017, at Augusta, Georgia.
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