Reliford v. Hill
ORDER directing Plaintiff to submit an amended 2241 petition within 21 days. Signed by Magistrate Judge Brian K. Epps on 01/17/2017. (maa)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
CARLO B. RELIFORD,
WARDEN TAMALA BROWN,
Petitioner, an inmate at Montgomery State Prison in Mt. Vernon, Georgia, filed an
application for writ of habeas corpus relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. 1 United States
District Judge Leslie J. Abrams transferred the present action from the Middle District of
Georgia to this Court because it appeared Petitioner, presently incarcerated in the Southern
District of Georgia, was seeking relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. (Doc. no. 9.) However,
Petitioner’s application for writ of habeas corpus is filed on forms used in the Superior Court
of Chatham County, Georgia, and it is unclear whether Petitioner actually intended to seek
state habeas relief, or federal habeas relief pursuant to § 2241. (See doc. no. 1.)
If Petitioner is indeed seeking federal habeas relief pursuant to § 2241, he must refile
his petition on the standard form used by incarcerated litigants in the Southern District of
The Court DIRECTS the CLERK to update the docket to reflect Petitioner’s
present address at Montgomery State Prison. (Doc. no. 4.)
Georgia. 2 Petitioner should note that a challenge brought pursuant to § 2241 is subject to
exhaustion requirements, and he must first exhaust his claim in the state courts before it will
be heard in federal court. See Skinner v. Wiley, 355 F.3d 1293, 1295 (11th Cir. 2004)
(exhaustion is required “in all habeas cases,” including those brought pursuant to § 2241);
Thomas v. Crosby, 371 F.3d 782, 812 (11th Cir. 2004) (“Among the most fundamental
common law requirements of § 2241 is that petitioners must first exhaust their state court
Petitioner’s § 2241 petition would also be subject to the Anti-Terrorism and Effective
Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”), which amended the statute governing habeas corpus
petitions for state prisoners seeking relief in the federal courts. AEDPA preserves the traditional
exhaustion requirement, which requires a district court to dismiss habeas claims that the
petitioner has a right to raise, by any available procedure, in state court.
28 U.S.C. §
2254(b)(1)(A) & (c). “An applicant shall not be deemed to have exhausted the remedies
available in the courts of the State . . . if he has the right under the law of the State to raise, by
any available procedure, the question presented.” Id. § 2254(c) (emphasis added). “In other
words, the state prisoner must give the state courts an opportunity to act on his claims before he
presents those claims to a federal court in a habeas petition.” O’Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S.
838, 842 (1999). Therefore, Petitioner’s § 2241 petition is also subject to the aforementioned
restrictions imposed by § 2254. Medberry v. Crosby, 351 F.3d 1049, 1060-61 (11th Cir. 2003).
Therefore, if Petitioner intends to pursue federal habeas relief pursuant to § 2241, he
must submit an amended § 2241 petition on the provided form within twenty-one days. The
The Court DIRECTS the CLERK to attach a standard petition for writ of habeas
corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241, form AO-0242.
amended petition will supersede and replace in its entirety the previous petition filed by
Petitioner. Lowery v. Ala. Power Co., 483 F.3d 1184, 1219 (11th Cir. 2007) (“an amended
[petition] supersedes the initial [petition] and becomes the operative pleading in the case”);
Pintando v. Miami-Dade Hous. Agency, 501 F.3d 1241, 1243 (11th Cir. 2007) (per curiam).
Failure to comply with this Order will result in the Court recommending that this case
be dismissed without prejudice.
SO ORDERED this 17th day of January, 2017, at Augusta, Georgia.
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