Haggins v. Pride Intergrated Services, Inc
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS dismissing without prejudice re 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus filed by Kenneth B. Haggins, Jr. Objections to R&R due by 5/1/2017. Signed by Magistrate Judge G. R. Smith on 4/14/17. (jlm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
KENNETH B. HAGGINS, JR.,
PRIDE INTEGRATED SERVICE,
I 1 DI S)
WII 1 1
Kenneth Haggins filed a 28 U.S.C. § 2241 habeas petition on
November 15, 2016. Doc. 1. He was convicted of possession of less than
an ounce of marijuana with intent to distribute in violation of O.C.G.A.
§ 16-13-300)(1), and sentenced to some (unspecified) length of time under
the supervision of probation.
Id. at 2. He originally sought to suppress
the fruits of the search of his friend's vehicle (particularly the marijuana
recovered during that search), but lost the motion, and filed no appeal.
Id. at 1-2.
Invoking 28 U.S.C. § 2241, Haggins seeks relief from the onerous
burdens of state probation service Pride Integrated Services, Inc., 1
Federal courts have jurisdiction to entertain habeas corpus petitions " only from
objecting that his liberty has been "restrain[ed]" by his "unlawful
conviction and sentence" and that he has been locked into an
unconstitutional "contract" with the probation service.
Id. at 1. He
further seeks to unwind the criminal judgment entirely, arguing that the
Superior Court "unlawfully denied [his] Motion to Suppress and that all
hearings after such hearing are considered null and void."
Id. at 4.
Federal habeas petitions, however, require that state remedies be
Wilkinson v. Dotson, 544 U.S. 74, 79 (2005) (all habeas
corpus actions "require a petitioner to fully exhaust state remedies");
Thomas v. Crosby, 371 F.3d 782, 812 (11th Cir. 2004) (Tjoflat, J.,
concurring) ("Among the most fundamental common law requirements of
§ 2241 is that petitioners must first exhaust their state court remedies.").
persons who are 'in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the
United States." Maleng v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488, 490 (1989) (quoting 28 U.S.C.
§ 2241(c)(3)). The term is construed "very liberally," however, Howard v. Warden,
776 F.3d 772, 775 (11th Cir. 2015), and is "not.. . restricted to situations in which the
applicant is in actual, physical custody," Jones v. Cunningham, 371 U.S. 236, 239
(1963). "Instead, petitioners need only show that they are subject to a significant
restraint on their liberty that is not shared by the general public." Howard, 776 F.3d
at 775 (noting petitioners released on parole, on their own recognizance pending
execution of a sentence, and on bail all qualify); see also Stacey v. Warden, Apalachee
Corr. Inst., 854 F.2d 401, 403 (11th Cir. 1988) (the term "in custody" requires that the
state exercise some control over the petitioner); Samirah v. O'Connell, 335 F.3d 545,
549 (7th Cir. 2003) ("Although the word 'custody' is elastic, all definitions of it
incorporates some concept of ongoing control, restraint, or responsibility by the
custodian."). Probation, a state-supervised good-behavior-contingent form of release,
is a type of "custody" for § 2241 purposes. Reilly v. Dep't of Corr., 847 F. Supp. 951,
956 (M.D. Fla. 1994) ("probationary restraint is within the meaning of 'in custody.").
And Haggins has admitted that he didn't bother exhausting his
state-court remedies. Doc. 1 at 2 ("Petitioner has exhausted state
remedies by allowing the 30 day period to file an appeal run it[s] course
after his conviction. Therefore, a state remedy is not available."). '
Therefore, his petition should be DISMISSED WITHOUT
PREJUDICE so that he may exhaust available state remedies.'
This Report and Recommendation (R&R) is submitted to the
district judge assigned to this action, pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1)(B) and this Court's Local Rule 72.3.
Within 14 days of
service, any party may file written objections to this R&R with the Court
and serve a copy on all parties. The document should be captioned
"Objections to Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendations." Any
request for additional time to file objections should be filed with the
Petitioner relies on Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391 (1963), to allow him to bypass state
habeas relief entirely. But Fay only stood for the proposition that a § 2254 petitioner
may -- if state habeas remedies are unavailable or would be a futile pursuit -- be
excused from exhaustion. It has no effect here, under a different framework for
habeas relief, particularly given that nothing in the petition indicates Haggins tried
and failed to seek relief in the state courts, that such relief was in any way unavailable
to him, or that seeking it would have been an exercise in futility. He whiffed on the
deadline to appeal his sentence and he dropped the ball entirely to seek state habeas
relief. He cannot now come to the federal courts to unwind that sentence.
Even were Haggins to timely exhaust his state habeas remedies before seeking
federal habeas relief, this Court's power to correct an alleged state court mistake
regarding the application of the Fourth Amendment exclusionary rule is not assured.
See Stone v. Powell, 428 U.S. 465, 493 (1976).
Clerk for consideration by the assigned district judge.
After the objections period has ended, the Clerk shall submit this
R&R together with any objections to the assigned district judge. The
district judge will review the magistrate judge's findings and
recommendations pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are
advised that failure to timely file objections will result in the waiver of
rights on appeal. 11th Cir. R. 3-1; see Symonett v. VA. Leasing Corp.,
648 F. App'x 787, 790 (11th Cir. 2016); Mitchell v. U.S., 612 F. App'x 542,
545 (11th Cir. 2015).
SO REPORTED AND RECOMMENDED this 14th clay of
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
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