Gaither v. Bobbitt
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS of the U.S. Magistrate Judge Recommending the Dismissal of re 12 Amended Complaint filed by Russell Gaither and recommending denying of 6 the Motion to Proceed IFP, ORDER VACATING re 7 Order on Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis and VACATING 14 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS. (Objections to R&R due by 12/4/2020) Signed by Magistrate Judge Christopher L. Ray on November 20, 2020. (jrb)
Case 6:19-cv-00101-JRH-CLR Document 22 Filed 11/20/20 Page 1 of 8
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
The Court previously entered a Report and Recommendation (R&R)
recommending that this claim be dismissed for plaintiff’s failure to file an
amended complaint, despite an order to do so. Doc. 16. Plaintiff has now
filed a motion for leave to amend his complaint. Doc. 21. The Court,
however, has become aware that plaintiff is barred from proceeding in this
matter in forma pauperis (IFP) under 28 U.S.C. 1915(g) and has provided
misleading information as to his litigation history. The Court, therefore,
VACATES its prior R&R, doc. 14, and grant of IFP status, doc. 7. It
further RECOMMENDS that the motion to proceed IFP be DENIED
and this case be DISMISSED.
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Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA), an indigent
prisoner is barred from proceeding IPF after filing three meritless actions.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The provision states:
In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a
judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if
the prisoner has, on three or more prior occasions, while
incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or
appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on
the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a
claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is
under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). As this Court has previously recognized, plaintiff has
accumulated three prior strikes. Gaither v. Archar, et al., CV 3:16-010,
doc. 12 at 2–3 (S.D. Ga. Feb. 18, 2016) adopted by doc. 18 (April 26, 2016);
see also Gaither v. Brown, et al., CV 1:16-073, doc. 10, at 3–4 (M.D. Ga.
June 30, 2016) (recognizing that plaintiff has accumulated three strikes
under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)). The dismissed cases identified include Gaither
v. Archar, 2015 WL 5046734 (S.D. Ga. Aug. 25, 2015); Gaither v. Pullin,
CV5:14-260, doc. 6 (M.D. Ga. Aug. 21, 2014); and Gaither v. Chapman,
CV3:13-125, doc. 5 (M.D. Ga. Dec. 9, 2013).
In Gaither v. Archar, plaintiff’s initial complaint was ostensibly an
effort to appeal an unfavorable ruling of the Eleventh Circuit. Archar,
CV3:15-043, doc. 1 (S.D. Ga. May 13, 2015).
Though plaintiff took
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advantage of an opportunity to amend his complaint to raise fresh claims,
in doing so, he disregarded the clear instructions of the Court regarding
page limitations and misrepresented his prior litigation history. Gaither
v. Archar, 2015 WL 4578245, at * 2–4 (S.D. Ga. Jul. 15, 2015).
As in this case, plaintiff was directed to disclose any cases previously
filed that involve the same facts as his then pending litigation. Archar,
CV3:15-043, doc. 14 at 1 (S.D. Ga. Jun. 26, 2015). He disclosed a single
case, Gaither v. Myers, CV4:13-133 (M.D. Ga. May 10, 2013), which was
completely unrelated to his allegations against Archar. Archar, CV3:15043, doc. 14 at 1 (S.D. Ga. Jun. 26, 2015). He neglected, however, to
disclose Gaither v. Pullin, CV5:14-260 (M.D. Ga. Jul. 11, 2014), which was
based on many overlapping facts and dismissed for failure to state a claim,
and its appeal, Gaither v. Pullin, No. 14-14846 (11th Cir. Oct. 27, 2014),
which was also dismissed. Plaintiff’s disregard for the Court’s order and
effort at deceit resulted in dismissal of the case. Gaither v. Archar, 2015
WL 5046734 (S.D. Ga. Aug. 25, 2015). Though not among the grounds
enumerated in § 1915(g)—frivolous, malicious, or failing to state a claim—
dismissal based on the concealment of prior litigation or other
misrepresentations is an abuse of the judicial process and qualifies as a
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strike under § 1915(g). See Ingram v. Warden, 735 F. App’x. 706, 707
(11th Cir. 2018) (upholding a district Court’s dismissal of a complaint and
assessment of a strike where prisoner did not disclose his complete
litigation history); Pinson v. Grimes, 391 F. App’x. 797, 798–99 (11th Cir.
2010) (upholding a district court’s finding that failure to disclose prior
cases was abuse of judicial process and a strike).
In Gaither v. Pullin, plaintiff brought a § 1983 suit for denial of
medical care and deliberate indifference against Johnson State Prison and
multiple prison employees. Gaither v. Pullin, CV5:14-260, doc. 6 (M.D.
Ga. Aug. 21, 2014). In dismissing the complaint for failure to state a claim,
the Middle District of Georgia confirmed that the dismissal qualified as a
strike for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Pullin, CV5:14-260, doc. 6 at
15 (M.D. Ga. Aug. 21, 2014).
In Gaither v. Chapman, plaintiff alleged that the use of a stun gun
by prison staff constituted excessive force, that his personal property was
improperly taken, and that his conviction was based on false testimony.
See generally, Chapman, CV3:13-125, doc. 1 (M.D. Ga. Nov. 18, 2013). The
Middle District of Georgia found that plaintiff failed to state a claim on his
allegations of excessive force because they were time-barred and had
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previously be resolved on the merits in a prior litigation.
CV3:13-125, doc. 5 at 2–3 (M.D. Ga. Dec. 9, 2013). The remaining claims
were also dismissed as plaintiff failed to exhaust available administrative
remedies and sought relief unavailable under § 1983.
The PLRA does provide an exception to this restriction if the
prisoner is in “imminent danger of serious physical injury.” 28 U.S.C. §
1915(g). To qualify for the exception, a plaintiff must allege more than a
speculative or generalized risk. See Sutton v. Dist. Atty’s Office, 334 F.
279 (11th Cir. 2009) (general assertions of risk are
“insufficient to invoke the exception to § 1915(g) absent specific fact
allegations of ongoing serious physical injury, or of a pattern of misconduct
evidencing the likelihood of imminent serious physical injury.” (internal
quotation omitted)); see also Abdullah v. Migoya, 955 F.Supp.2d 1300,
1307 (S.D. Fla. 2013) (“A plaintiff must provide the court with specific
allegations of present imminent danger indicating that a serious physical
injury will result if his claims are not addressed.”). Plaintiff has made no
claim of imminent physical threat and the Court struggles to image how
such as claim might be made where the basis of his complaint is a challenge
to the infrequent supply of writing materials. As plaintiff has accumulated
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at least three strikes under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, his motion
to proceed IFP is should be DENIED and the complaint DISMISSED.
Dismissal is also warranted as plaintiff has again elected to not fully
disclose his prior litigation history, evidencing an intent to mislead the
Court.1 Johnson v. Chisolm, 2011 WL 3319872 at *1 n. 3 (S.D. Ga. Aug. 1,
2011) (“This Court does not hesitate to invoke dismissal and other
sanctions against inmates who lie to or otherwise deceive this Court.”); see
also Moss v. Premiere Credit of North America, LLC, 2013 WL 842515
(11th Cir. Mar. 6, 2013) (Denying plaintiff’s IFP application on appeal
“because her allegation of poverty appear[ed] to be untrue in light of her
financial affidavit and filings in the district court.”).
When asked to
disclose any prior lawsuits, plaintiff identified only three cases. Doc. 1 at
1. Absent from this disclosure were the three cases discussed above and
several others from multiple federal courts.2 Plaintiff’s lack of probity
Furthermore, liars may be prosecuted. See United States v. Dickerson, CR608-36,
doc. 1 (S.D. Ga. Dec. 11, 2008) (§ 2255 movant indicted for perjury for knowingly lying
in his motion seeking collateral relief from his conviction); id., doc. 47 (guilty verdict),
cited in Colony Ins. Co. v. 9400 Abercorn, LLC, 866 F. Supp. 2d 1376, 1378 n. 2 (S.D.
Ga. 2012) (collecting sanction cases).
A search “Russell Gaither” in the Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER)
database reveals 32 cases filed by plaintiff. A few of these cases appear to be
duplicative, having been filed in one district and then transferred to another.
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alone justifies dismissal of this complaint.
Accordingly, the Court RECOMMENDS that plaintiff’s motion to
proceed in forma pauperis be DENIED and the complaint DISMISSED.
This R&R is submitted to the district judge assigned to this action,
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and this Court’s Local Rule
72.3. Within 14 days of service, any party may file written objections to
the R&R with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. The document
should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Report and
Recommendations.” Any request for additional time to file objections
should be filed with the Clerk for consideration by the assigned district
After the objections period has ended, the Clerk shall submit this
R&R together with any objections to the assigned district judge. The
district judge will review the magistrate judge’s findings and
recommendations pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are
advised that failure to timely file objections will result in the waiver of
rights on appeal. 11th Cir. R. 3-1; see Symonette v. V.A. Leasing Corp.,
648 F. App’x 787, 790 (11th Cir. 2016); Mitchell v. United States, 612 F.
App’x 542, 545 (11th Cir. 2015).
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SO ORDERED AND REPORTED AND RECOMMENDED,
this 20th day of November, 2020.
____ ___ ___ _
CHRISTOPHER L. RAY
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA
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