US Bank National Association v. Yamamura et al
REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT PLAINTIFF'S 45 PETITION FORATTORNEYS' FEES BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART: "Based on the foregoing, this Court, acting as Special Master, FINDS and RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff US Ban k National Association's Petition for Attorneys' Fees and Costs, filed September 14, 2009, be GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART, and that the district court award Plaintiff $2,730.37 in attorneys' fees and $350 in costs, for a total of $3,080.37. IT IS SO FOUND AND RECOMMENDED." Signed by Magistrate JUDGE KEVIN S.C. CHANG on September 30, 2009. (bbb, )CERTIFICATE OF SERVICEParticipants registered to receive electronic notifications received this document electronically at the e-mail address listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF). Participants not registered to receive electronic notifications were served by first class mail on the date of this docket entry
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII US BANK NATIONAL ) ASSOCIATION, AS TRUSTEE FOR ) THE HOLDERS OF THE CSFB ) MORTGAGE PASS-THROUGH ) CERTIFICATES, SERIES 2002- ) HE16, ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) vs. ) ) PAUL YAMAMURA, ESQ., ) Successor Personal ) Representative of the ) Estate of Herbert W.S. Kam; ) UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; ) STATE OF HAWAII ) DEPARTMENT OF TAXATION; ) JOHN AND MARY DOES 1-20; ) DOE PARTNERSHIPS, ) CORPORATIONS AND OTHER ) ENTITIES 1-20, ) ) Defendants. ) ___________________________ ) CIVIL NO. 08-00358 DAE-KSC REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT PLAINTIFF'S PETITION FOR ATTORNEYS' FEES BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART
REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT PLAINTIFF'S PETITION FOR ATTORNEYS' FEES BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART Before the Court is Plaintiff US Bank National Association's ("Plaintiff") Petition for Attorneys' Fees and Costs ("Petition"), filed September 14, 2009. On September 21, 2009, Defendant State of Hawaii ("State") filed a Statement of No Opposition.
The Court finds this matter suitable for disposition without a hearing pursuant to Rule 7.2(d) of the Local Rules of Practice of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii ("Local Rules"). After carefully reviewing Plaintiff's
submissions and the relevant case law, the Court FINDS and RECOMMENDS that the Petition be GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART for the reasons set forth below. BACKGROUND As the Court and the parties are familiar with the background of this case, the Court will discuss only those facts relevant to the instant Petition. On
September 10, 2009, United States District Judge David Alan Ezra issued an Order Granting Defendant Director of Taxation, State of Hawaii's Motion for Summary Judgment and Order Denying Defendant Paul Yamamura's Amended Motion for Summary Judgment ("SJ Order"), wherein Judge Ezra determined that the State, as the sole junior lien holder, is entitled to first priority to the Surplus. SJ Order at 10. Judge Ezra further
concluded that "the interests of equity would be served
if the interpleader plaintiff received some of its attorney's fees and costs from the State of Hawaii's claim." Id. at 12. He qualified this by instructing
that Plaintiff's entitlement to fees and costs are subject to the parameters set forth in Trustees of the Director's Guild of America-Producer Pension Benefits Plans v. Tise, 234 F.3d 415, 426-27 (9th Cir. 2000) and should be limited so that the State's rightful claim to the funds to satisfy the tax lien is not defeated. DISCUSSION Plaintiff requests $2,980.00 in attorneys' fees, $140.42 in tax, and $353.29 in costs, for a total of $3,473.71. The State does not oppose the Petition. Id.
Insofar as Judge Ezra has already determined that Plaintiff is entitled to attorneys' fees and costs subject to the parameters in Tise, all that remains for this Court to determine is the reasonableness of the requested fees and costs. A. Calculation of Fees Under federal law, reasonable attorneys' fees are generally based on the traditional "lodestar"
calculation set forth in Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983). See Fischer v. SJB-P.D., Inc., 214 The court must
F.3d 1115, 1119 (9th Cir. 2000).
determine a reasonable fee by multiplying "the number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation" by "a reasonable hourly rate." Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433.
Second, the court must decide whether to adjust the lodestar amount based on an evaluation of the factors articulated in Kerr v. Screen Extras Guild, Inc., 526 F.2d 67, 70 (9th Cir. 1975), which have not already been subsumed in the lodestar calculation. See
Fischer, 214 F.3d at 1119 (citation omitted). The factors the Ninth Circuit articulated in Kerr are: (1) the time and labor required, (2) the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved, (3) the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly, (4) the preclusion of other employment by the attorney due to acceptance of the case, (5) the customary fee, (6) whether the fee is fixed or contingent, (7) time limitations imposed by the client or the circumstances, (8) the amount involved and the results obtained, (9) the experience, reputation, and ability of the attorneys, (10) the "undesirability" of the case, (11) the nature and length of the 4
professional relationship with the client, and (12) awards in similar cases. Kerr, 526 F.2d at 70. Factors one through five have See Morales
been subsumed in the lodestar calculation.
v. City of San Rafael, 96 F.3d 359, 364 n.9 (9th Cir. 1996). Further, the Ninth Circuit, extending City of
Burlington v. Dague, 505 U.S. 557, 567 (1992), held that the sixth factor, whether the fee is fixed or contingent may not be considered in the lodestar calculation. See Davis v. City & County of San
Francisco, 976 F.2d 1536, 1549 (9th Cir. 1992), vacated in part on other grounds, 984 F.2d 345 (9th Cir. 1993). Once calculated, the "lodestar" is presumptively reasonable. See Pennsylvania v. Delaware Valley
Citizens' Council for Clean Air, 483 U.S. 711, 728 (1987); see also Fischer, 214 F.3d at 1119 n.4 (stating that the lodestar figure should only be adjusted in rare and exceptional cases). Plaintiff requests the following attorneys' fees for work performed by its attorney Karyn Doi
ATTORNEY Karyn A. Doi
RATE $200 Subtotal: Tax: Total:
LODESTAR $2,980.00 $2,980.00 $ 140.42
Ms. Doi has been licensed since 2002. 1. Reasonable Hourly Rate In determining what is a reasonable hourly rate, the experience, skill, and reputation of the attorney requesting fees are taken into account. See
Webb v. Ada County, 285 F.3d 829, 840 & n.6 (9th Cir. 2002). The reasonable hourly rate should reflect the See id.;
prevailing market rates in the community.
Gates v. Deukmejian, 987 F.2d 1392, 1405 (9th Cir. 1992), as amended on denial of reh'g, (1993) (noting that the rate awarded should reflect "the rates of attorneys practicing in the forum district"). It is
the burden of the fee applicant to produce satisfactory evidence, in addition to an affidavit from the fee applicant, demonstrating that the requested hourly rate reflects prevailing community rates for similar 6
See Jordan v. Multnomah County, 815 F.2d
1258, 1263 (9th Cir. 1987). This Court is well aware of the prevailing rates in the community for similar services performed by attorneys of comparable experience, skill and reputation. Based on this Court's knowledge of the
prevailing rates and the submissions in this case, this Court finds that an hourly rate of $200 is slightly excessive for Ms. Doi, who has approximately 7 years of experience. Instead, the Court finds that $175 is a
reasonable hourly rate for Ms. Doi. 2. Hours Reasonably Expended Beyond establishing a reasonable hourly rate, a prevailing party seeking attorneys' fees bears the burden of proving that the fees and costs taxed are associated with the relief requested and are reasonably necessary to achieve the results obtained. See Tirona
v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 821 F. Supp. 632, 636 (D. Haw. 1993) (citations omitted). The court must
guard against awarding fees and costs which are excessive, and must determine which fees and costs were 7
self-imposed and avoidable.
See Tirona, 821 F. Supp.
at 637 (citing INVST Fin. Group v. Chem-Nuclear Sys., 815 F.2d 391, 404 (6th Cir. 1987), cert. denied, 484 U.S. 927 (1987)). This Court has "discretion to `trim
fat' from, or otherwise reduce, the number of hours claimed to have been spent on the case." Soler v. G &
U, Inc., 801 F. Supp. 1056, 1060 (S.D.N.Y. 1992) (citation omitted). Time expended on work deemed
"excessive, redundant, or otherwise unnecessary" shall not be compensated. See Gates, 987 F.2d at 1399
(quoting Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433-34). After careful review of Exhibit 1, which contains the time entries submitted by counsel, the Court finds that the hours therein were reasonably and necessarily incurred in litigating this action. 3. Total Fees Based on the foregoing, the Court finds that Plaintiff's counsel has established the appropriateness of the following attorneys' fees:
ATTORNEY Karyn A. Doi
RATE $175 Subtotal: Tax: Total:
LODESTAR $2,607.50 $2,607.50 $ 122.87
The Court declines to adjust this amount based on the Kerr factors and recommends that the district court award Plaintiff $2,730.37 in attorneys' fees. B. Costs In addition to attorneys' fees, Plaintiff seeks to recover the costs incurred in the present action. Specifically, Plaintiff requests: (1) complaint filing cost - $275.00 (2) postage - $3.29 (3) sheriff's fees - $75.00 See Ex. 1. Rule 54(d)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure provides that "costs other than attorneys' fees shall be allowed as of course to the prevailing party unless the court otherwise directs." Civ. P. 54(d)(1). Fed. R.
Courts have discretion to award See Yasui v. Maui
costs pursuant to Rule 54(d).
Electric Co., Ltd., 78 F. Supp. 2d 1124, 1126 (D. Haw. 9
The burden is on the losing party to Stanley
demonstrate why costs should not be awarded.
v. Univ. of Southern California, 178 F.3d 1069, 1079 (9th Cir. 1999). In this case, the State does not oppose the Petition. Moreover, Judge Ezra has determined that
Plaintiff is entitled to costs from the State's claim. The Court will therefore tax statutorily permitted costs in Plaintiff's favor. While courts have discretion to award costs pursuant to Rule 54(d), courts may only tax the costs specified in 28 U.S.C. § 1920. See Yasui, 78 F. Supp.
2d at 1126 (citing Alflex Corp. v. Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., 914 F.2d 175, 177 (9th Cir. 1990); Crawford Fitting Co. v. J.T. Gibbons, Inc., 482 U.S. 437, 441-42 (1987)). following costs: (1) Fees of the clerk and marshal; (2) Fees of the court reporter for all or any part of the stenographic transcript necessarily obtained for use in the case; (3) Fees and disbursements for printing and witnesses; 10 Section 1920 enumerates the
(4) Fees for exemplification and copies of papers necessarily obtained for use in the case; (5) Docket fees under section 1923 of the title; (6) Compensation of court appointed experts, compensation of interpreters, and salaries, fees, expenses, and costs of special interpretation services under section 1828 of this title. 28 U.S.C. § 1920; Yasui, 78 F. Supp. 2d at 1126. Court addresses each of the costs requested by Plaintiff in turn. 1. Service of Process/Filing Fees Plaintiff requests $275.00 in filing fees. Section 1920(1) allows for the taxation of the fees of the clerk and marshal. Indeed, "[f]iling fees are The
properly recoverable by a prevailing party under § 1920(1)." Buffone v. Rosebud Restaurants, Inc., No.
CIV A 05 C 5551, 2006 WL 3196931, *1 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 31, 2006). Accordingly, the Court recommends that the
district court tax $275.00 in filing fees. Section 1920(1) also allows for the taxation of the fees of the marshal. See also Local Rule
54.2(f)(1) ("Fees for the service of process and 11
service of subpoenas by someone other than the marshal are allowable, to the extent they are reasonably required and actually incurred."). $75.00 for Sheriff's fees. is taxable. 2. Postage Plaintiff requests postage costs. However, The Plaintiff requests
The Court finds that $75.00
postage is not expressly provided for in § 1920.
Court thus finds that requested postage is not taxable as costs. 3. Total Taxable Costs The Court finds that $350.00 for Sheriff's fees and filing fees is taxable and recommends that the district court award $350.00 in costs. CONCLUSION Based on the foregoing, this Court, acting as Special Master, FINDS and RECOMMENDS that Plaintiff US Bank National Association's Petition for Attorneys' Fees and Costs, filed September 14, 2009, be GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART, and that the district court award Plaintiff $2,730.37 in attorneys' fees and $350 12
in costs, for a total of $3,080.37. IT IS SO FOUND AND RECOMMENDED. DATED: Honolulu, Hawaii, September 30, 2009.
_____________________________ Kevin S.C. Chang United States Magistrate Judge
US BANK V. YAMAMURA, ET AL.; CIVIL NO. 08-00358 DAE-KSC; REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT PLAINTIFF'S PETITION FOR ATTORNEYS' FEES BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART
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